Document (#34298)

Author
Ott, S.
Title
Information: Zur Genese und Anwendung eines Begriffs
Issue
Mit einem Vorw. von Rafael Capurro.
Imprint
Konstanz : UVK Verl.-Ges.
Year
2004
Pages
361 S
Isbn
3-89669-459-6
Abstract
Obwohl der Informationsbegriff in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten zunehmend als Schl?sselbegriff zur Erklärung gesellschaftlicher Entwicklungen herangezogen wird, ist das breite Spektrum wissenschaftlicher Informationsbegriffe bisher kaum fachübergreifend analysiert worden. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird daher der Wandel des Informationsbegriffs in den acht Disziplinen Physik, Biologie, Kybernetik, Informatik, Ökonomie, Soziologie, Psychologie und Philosophie nachvollzogen und auf verallgemeinerbare Tendenzen hin untersucht. Ausgelöst durch die mathematische Informationstheorie von Claude Shannon erhält der Informationsbegriff in den Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts eine zentrale Bedeutung. Dabei entwickeln sich in den einzelnen Wissenschaften verschiedene, zum Teil unvereinbare Vorstellungen von Information. Neben dem kulturalistischen, am menschlichen Handlungsbezug orientierten Informationsbegriff und dem naturalistischen Verständnis, das Information als in der Natur gegebenes Phänomen betrachtet, gewinnt dabei das maschinengeprägte Informationsverständnis der Kybernetik und Informatik an Bedeutung. Mit Hilfe der hermeneutischen Textbetrachtung arbeitet der Autor die Entwicklung der unterschiedlichen Informationsverständnisse heraus und bezieht sie auf den gegenwärtigen Informationsbegriff der Gesellschaft. Er kommt dabei zu dem Ergebnis, dass das technisch-statistische Verständnis von Information (nach Shannon) zwar in den meisten Disziplinen weitgehend abgelehnt wurde, aber über die Informatik und die Molekularbiologie eine dominierende Stellung in der Informationsgesellschaft der Gegenwart eingenommen hat.
Footnote
Zugl.: Dortmund, Univ., Diss., 2003
Theme
Information
RSWK
Wissenschaft / Information / Begriff / Informationsgesellschaft
GHBS
BAHK (FH K)
OGD (E)
BHS (E)
HKO (PB)
AGCI (SI)
RVK
AN 92550 Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft / Informationswissenschaft / Nachschlagewerke, Allgemeine Darstellungen / Einführungen, Abrisse
AN 93000 (BVB)

Similar documents (content)

  1. Völz, H.: Information verstehen : Facetten eines neuen Zugangs zur Welt (1994) 0.21
    0.20529108 = sum of:
      0.20529108 = product of:
        1.0264554 = sum of:
          0.1435379 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsbegriffs in 3521) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1435379 = score(doc=3521,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1635706 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1374912 = boost
                9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.87752867 = fieldWeight in 3521, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3521)
          0.14443216 = weight(abstract_txt:verständnis in 3521) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14443216 = score(doc=3521,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16424927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6119893 = boost
                6.6324525 = idf(docFreq=152, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.8793473 = fieldWeight in 3521, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.6324525 = idf(docFreq=152, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3521)
          0.12986948 = weight(abstract_txt:natur in 3521) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12986948 = score(doc=3521,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19278604 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7464181 = boost
                7.1855536 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.6736456 = fieldWeight in 3521, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1855536 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3521)
          0.17449994 = weight(abstract_txt:informatik in 3521) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17449994 = score(doc=3521,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26871887 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5252542 = boost
                6.926692 = idf(docFreq=113, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.64937735 = fieldWeight in 3521, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.926692 = idf(docFreq=113, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3521)
          0.43411595 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsbegriff in 3521) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.43411595 = score(doc=3521,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.54302275 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1450944 = boost
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.79944336 = fieldWeight in 3521, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3521)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Wissen in Aktion : Der Primat der Pragmatik als Motto der Konstanzer Informationswissenschaft. Festschrift für Rainer Kuhlen (2004) 0.18
    0.1823215 = sum of:
      0.1823215 = product of:
        0.75967294 = sum of:
          0.0482447 = weight(abstract_txt:bedeutung in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0482447 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11250144 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3341033 = boost
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.4288363 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.014800445 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014800445 = score(doc=665,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05512453 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4765661 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.2684911 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.08510746 = weight(abstract_txt:verständnis in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08510746 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16424927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6119893 = boost
                6.6324525 = idf(docFreq=152, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.51816034 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6324525 = idf(docFreq=152, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.104340434 = weight(abstract_txt:disziplinen in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.104340434 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18814534 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7252704 = boost
                7.098542 = idf(docFreq=95, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.5545736 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.098542 = idf(docFreq=95, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.14541663 = weight(abstract_txt:informatik in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14541663 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26871887 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5252542 = boost
                6.926692 = idf(docFreq=113, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.5411478 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.926692 = idf(docFreq=113, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
          0.3617633 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsbegriff in 665) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3617633 = score(doc=665,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.54302275 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1450944 = boost
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.66620284 = fieldWeight in 665, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=665)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Capurro, R.; Treude, L.: Information, Zeichen, Kompetenz : Fragen an Rafael Capurro zu aktuellen und grundsätzlichen Fragen der Informationswissenschaft von Linda Treude (2011) 0.14
    0.14250137 = sum of:
      0.14250137 = product of:
        0.5937557 = sum of:
          0.11841272 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsbegriffs in 1307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11841272 = score(doc=1307,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1635706 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1374912 = boost
                9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.7239242 = fieldWeight in 1307, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1307)
          0.047759816 = weight(abstract_txt:bedeutung in 1307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047759816 = score(doc=1307,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11250144 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3341033 = boost
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.42452624 = fieldWeight in 1307, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1307)
          0.016381092 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016381092 = score(doc=1307,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.05512453 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4765661 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.29716522 = fieldWeight in 1307, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1307)
          0.056176133 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsgesellschaft in 1307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056176133 = score(doc=1307,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15794076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5807295 = boost
                6.503835 = idf(docFreq=173, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.3556785 = fieldWeight in 1307, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.503835 = idf(docFreq=173, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1307)
          0.101791635 = weight(abstract_txt:informatik in 1307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.101791635 = score(doc=1307,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26871887 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5252542 = boost
                6.926692 = idf(docFreq=113, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.37880346 = fieldWeight in 1307, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.926692 = idf(docFreq=113, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1307)
          0.2532343 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsbegriff in 1307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2532343 = score(doc=1307,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.54302275 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1450944 = boost
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.46634197 = fieldWeight in 1307, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1307)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Wersig, G.: Vereinheitlichte Medientheorie und ihre Sicht auf das Internet (2006) 0.14
    0.13846123 = sum of:
      0.13846123 = product of:
        0.5769218 = sum of:
          0.07127474 = weight(abstract_txt:informationstheorie in 1066) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07127474 = score(doc=1066,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13440399 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0311017 = boost
                8.484837 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.5303023 = fieldWeight in 1066, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.484837 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1066)
          0.03859576 = weight(abstract_txt:bedeutung in 1066) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03859576 = score(doc=1066,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11250144 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3341033 = boost
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.34306902 = fieldWeight in 1066, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1066)
          0.0118403565 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1066) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0118403565 = score(doc=1066,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05512453 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4765661 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.21479288 = fieldWeight in 1066, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1066)
          0.064201295 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsgesellschaft in 1066) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.064201295 = score(doc=1066,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15794076 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5807295 = boost
                6.503835 = idf(docFreq=173, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.4064897 = fieldWeight in 1066, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.503835 = idf(docFreq=173, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1066)
          0.12853594 = weight(abstract_txt:shannon in 1066) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12853594 = score(doc=1066,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25088888 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9922836 = boost
                8.197155 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.5123222 = fieldWeight in 1066, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.197155 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1066)
          0.2624737 = weight(abstract_txt:kybernetik in 1066) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2624737 = score(doc=1066,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.32051295 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2518177 = boost
                9.264996 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.81891763 = fieldWeight in 1066, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.264996 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1066)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Favre-Bulle, B.: Information und Zusammenhang : Informationsfluß in Prozessen der Wahrnehmung, des Denkens und der Kommunikation (2001) 0.12
    0.12442529 = sum of:
      0.12442529 = product of:
        0.62212646 = sum of:
          0.08909343 = weight(abstract_txt:informationstheorie in 3784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08909343 = score(doc=3784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13440399 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0311017 = boost
                8.484837 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.66287786 = fieldWeight in 3784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.484837 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3784)
          0.0482447 = weight(abstract_txt:bedeutung in 3784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0482447 = score(doc=3784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11250144 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3341033 = boost
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.4288363 = fieldWeight in 3784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4891043 = idf(docFreq=479, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3784)
          0.014800445 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014800445 = score(doc=3784,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05512453 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4765661 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.2684911 = fieldWeight in 3784, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3784)
          0.10822456 = weight(abstract_txt:natur in 3784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10822456 = score(doc=3784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19278604 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7464181 = boost
                7.1855536 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.5613714 = fieldWeight in 3784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1855536 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3784)
          0.3617633 = weight(abstract_txt:informationsbegriff in 3784) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3617633 = score(doc=3784,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.54302275 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1450944 = boost
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015362686 = queryNorm
              0.66620284 = fieldWeight in 3784, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3784)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)