Document (#34769)

Author
Rauch, W.
Schlögl, C.
Title
Informationswissenschaft in Österreich
Source
Information - Wissenschaft und Praxis. 60(2009) H.1, S.1-2
Year
2009
Abstract
Die Informationswissenschaft wird üblicherweise als Weiterentwicklung des Bereiches Bibliothek, Information und Dokumentation unter dem Einfluss der neuen elektronischen Medien gesehen. Im anglo-amerikanischen Raum entstand sie als Weiterentwicklung der "Library Science" zu "Library and Information Sciences". Damit ist die Informationswissenschaft ein vorwiegend geisteswissenschaftliches Konzept, im deutschen Sprachraum oft mit philosophischem oder philologischem Hintergrund. Neue technische Möglichkeiten sollten für bekannte Fragestellungen, insbesondere im Bereich des Information Retrieval, genutzt werden. Etwas anders ist die Entwicklung in Österreich verlaufen. Das erste Institut, das die Bezeichnung "Informationswissenschaft" im Titel trägt, wurde an einer Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät 1987 eingerichtet: das Institut für Informationswissenschaft an der Karl-Franzens-Universität in Graz (Rauch, 1988). Nach diesem Selbstverständnis kann die Informationswissenschaft als jene Disziplin betrachtet werden, die sich mit "Informationsprozessen und -problemen in Wissenschaft, Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Verwaltung" befasst (Zimmermann, 1983).
Field
Informationswissenschaft
Location
A

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