Document (#35359)

Author
Dousa, T.M.
Title
Classical pragmatism and its varieties : on a pluriform metatheoretical perspective for knowledge organization
Source
Knowledge organization. 37(2010) no.1, S.65-71
Year
2010
Abstract
Pragmatism is a metatheoretical perspective within knowledge organization (KO) that derives from an American philosophical tradition active since the late 19th century. Its core feature is commitment to the evaluation of the adequacy of concepts and beliefs through the empirical test of practice: this entails epistemological antifoundationalism, fallibilism, contingency, social embeddedness, and pluralism. This article reviews three variants of Pragmatism that have been historically influential in philosophy-Charles Sanders Pierce's scientifically oriented pragmaticism, William James's subjectivist practicalism, and John Dewey's socially oriented instrumentalism-and indicates points of contact between them and KO theories propounded by Henry E. Bliss, Jesse H. Shera, and Birger Hjørland, respectively. KO applications of classical Pragmatism have tended to converge toward a socially pluralist model characteristic of Dewey. Recently, Richard Rorty's post-modern brand of Neopragmatism has found adherents within KO: whether it provides a more advantageous metatheoretical framework than classical Pragmatism remains to be seen.
Content
Beitrag innerhalb einer Special Section: Four Papers from NASKO2. Vgl. unter: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko371f.pdf.

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