Document (#35723)

Author
Bates, M.J.
Title
Information
Source
Encyclopedia of library and information sciences. 3rd ed. Ed.: M.J. Bates
Imprint
London : Taylor & Francis
Year
2009
Pages
S.2347-2360
Abstract
A selection of representative definitions of information is drawn from information science and related disciplines, and discussed and compared. Defining information remains such a contested project that any claim to present a unified, singular vision of the topic would be disingenuous. Seven categories of definitions are described: Communicatory or semiotic; activity-based (i.e., information as event); propositional; structural; social; multitype; and deconstructionist. The impact of Norbert Wiener and Claude Shannon is discussed, as well as the widespread influence of Karl Popper's ideas. The data-information-knowledge-wisdom (DIKW) continuum is also addressed. Work of these authors is reviewed: Marcia J. Bates, Gregory Bateson, B.C. Brookes, Michael Buckland, Ian Cornelius, Ronald Day, Richard Derr, Brenda Dervin, Fred Dretske, Jason Farradane, Christopher Fox, Bernd Frohmann, Jonathan Furner, J.A. Goguen, Robert Losee, A.D. Madden, D.M. McKay, Doede Nauta, A.D. Pratt, Frederick Thompson.
Content
Digital unter: http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/E-ELIS3-120045519. Vgl.: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/book/10.1081/E-ELIS3.
Theme
Information

Similar documents (author)

  1. Bates, M.J.: Rethinking subject cataloging in the online environment (1989) 4.87
    4.869806 = sum of:
      4.869806 = weight(author_txt:bates in 119) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.869806 = fieldWeight in 119, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=119)
    
  2. Bates, M.J.: Subject access in online catalogs: a design model (1986) 4.87
    4.869806 = sum of:
      4.869806 = weight(author_txt:bates in 120) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.869806 = fieldWeight in 120, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=120)
    
  3. Bates, M.J.: Where should the person stop and the information search interface start? (1990) 4.87
    4.869806 = sum of:
      4.869806 = weight(author_txt:bates in 155) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.869806 = fieldWeight in 155, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=155)
    
  4. Bates, M.J.: System meets user : problems in matching subject search terms (1977) 4.87
    4.869806 = sum of:
      4.869806 = weight(author_txt:bates in 731) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.869806 = fieldWeight in 731, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=731)
    
  5. Bates, M.J.: Factors affecting subject catalog search success (1977) 4.87
    4.869806 = sum of:
      4.869806 = weight(author_txt:bates in 732) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.869806 = fieldWeight in 732, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=732)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Lund, N.W.; Skare, R.: Document theory (2009) 0.09
    0.091855675 = sum of:
      0.091855675 = product of:
        0.45927837 = sum of:
          0.09230285 = weight(abstract_txt:buckland in 1700) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09230285 = score(doc=1700,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19115348 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.059898 = boost
                8.829678 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.482873 = fieldWeight in 1700, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.829678 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1700)
          0.103662714 = weight(abstract_txt:bernd in 1700) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.103662714 = score(doc=1700,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20653193 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1017082 = boost
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.501921 = fieldWeight in 1700, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1700)
          0.118017435 = weight(abstract_txt:ronald in 1700) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.118017435 = score(doc=1700,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22518334 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1503794 = boost
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.5240949 = fieldWeight in 1700, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1700)
          0.12896782 = weight(abstract_txt:frohmann in 1700) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12896782 = score(doc=1700,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23890562 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1849122 = boost
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.53982747 = fieldWeight in 1700, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1700)
          0.016327564 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1700) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016327564 = score(doc=1700,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08687473 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7502309 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.18794377 = fieldWeight in 1700, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1700)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Lund, N.W.; Skare, R.: Document theory (2009) 0.09
    0.091855675 = sum of:
      0.091855675 = product of:
        0.45927837 = sum of:
          0.09230285 = weight(abstract_txt:buckland in 1701) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09230285 = score(doc=1701,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19115348 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.059898 = boost
                8.829678 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.482873 = fieldWeight in 1701, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.829678 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1701)
          0.103662714 = weight(abstract_txt:bernd in 1701) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.103662714 = score(doc=1701,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20653193 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1017082 = boost
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.501921 = fieldWeight in 1701, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1701)
          0.118017435 = weight(abstract_txt:ronald in 1701) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.118017435 = score(doc=1701,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22518334 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1503794 = boost
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.5240949 = fieldWeight in 1701, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1701)
          0.12896782 = weight(abstract_txt:frohmann in 1701) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12896782 = score(doc=1701,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23890562 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1849122 = boost
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.53982747 = fieldWeight in 1701, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1701)
          0.016327564 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1701) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016327564 = score(doc=1701,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08687473 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7502309 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.18794377 = fieldWeight in 1701, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=1701)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Bawden, D.: Smoother pebbles and the shoulders of giants : the developing foundations of information science (2009) 0.07
    0.071330294 = sum of:
      0.071330294 = product of:
        0.44581434 = sum of:
          0.16151518 = weight(abstract_txt:brookes in 646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16151518 = score(doc=646,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1937874 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0671753 = boost
                8.890302 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.8334658 = fieldWeight in 646, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.890302 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=646)
          0.045095567 = weight(abstract_txt:discussed in 646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045095567 = score(doc=646,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10429958 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1072081 = boost
                4.6119013 = idf(docFreq=1153, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.43236575 = fieldWeight in 646, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6119013 = idf(docFreq=1153, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=646)
          0.19494736 = weight(abstract_txt:farradane in 646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19494736 = score(doc=646,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21968223 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.136241 = boost
                9.465666 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.8874062 = fieldWeight in 646, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.465666 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=646)
          0.04425625 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 646) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04425625 = score(doc=646,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.08687473 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7502309 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.50942606 = fieldWeight in 646, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=646)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  4. Hartel, J.: ¬The case against Information and the Body in Library and Information Science (2018) 0.07
    0.06994956 = sum of:
      0.06994956 = product of:
        0.2914565 = sum of:
          0.06433373 = weight(abstract_txt:bates in 1524) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06433373 = score(doc=1524,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1731995 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0088958 = boost
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.3714429 = fieldWeight in 1524, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=1524)
          0.045490816 = weight(abstract_txt:singular in 1524) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045490816 = score(doc=1524,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1731995 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0088958 = boost
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.2626498 = fieldWeight in 1524, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=1524)
          0.053838387 = weight(abstract_txt:norbert in 1524) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053838387 = score(doc=1524,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1937874 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0671753 = boost
                8.890302 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.27782193 = fieldWeight in 1524, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.890302 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42740)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=1524)
          0.015031856 = weight(abstract_txt:discussed in 1524) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015031856 = score(doc=1524,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10429958 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1072081 = boost
                4.6119013 = idf(docFreq=1153, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.14412192 = fieldWeight in 1524, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6119013 = idf(docFreq=1153, maxDocs=42740)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=1524)
          0.09189907 = weight(abstract_txt:marcia in 1524) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09189907 = score(doc=1524,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21968223 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.136241 = boost
                9.465666 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.41832727 = fieldWeight in 1524, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.465666 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=42740)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=1524)
          0.020862596 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1524) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020862596 = score(doc=1524,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.08687473 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7502309 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.24014574 = fieldWeight in 1524, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=1524)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Gemberling, T.: FRSAD, Semiotics, and FRBR-LRM (2016) 0.06
    0.06347131 = sum of:
      0.06347131 = product of:
        0.5289276 = sum of:
          0.21089087 = weight(abstract_txt:jonathan in 1119) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21089087 = score(doc=1119,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23150223 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1664082 = boost
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.9109669 = fieldWeight in 1119, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1119)
          0.2982447 = weight(abstract_txt:furner in 1119) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2982447 = score(doc=1119,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23150223 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1664082 = boost
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              1.2883017 = fieldWeight in 1119, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1119)
          0.019791996 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1119) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019791996 = score(doc=1119,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08687473 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7502309 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020425528 = queryNorm
              0.22782224 = fieldWeight in 1119, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1119)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)