Document (#35927)

Author
Krischker, U.
Title
Formale Analyse von Dokumenten
Source
Grundlagen der praktischen Information und Dokumentation: ein Handbuch zur Einführung in die fachliche Informationsarbeit. 4. Aufl. Hrsg.: M. Buder u.a
Imprint
München : Saur
Year
1997
Pages
S.63-87
Series
DGD-Schriftenreihe; Bd.9
Abstract
Die formale Analyse von Dokumenten ist seit alters her eine der Hauptaufgaben der Bibliotheken und Archive, in neuerer Zeit auch der Dokumentationsstellen. Die gesammelten und ausgewerteten Dokumente müssen identifizierbar und wieder auffindbar sein. Die formale Analyse bietet die Möglichkeit, die formalen Charakteristika von Dokumenten zu beschreiben. Damit können die Dokumente unter mehreren, aber immer den formal gleichen Such- und Ordnungsmerkmalen in Katalogen, Datenbanken, Bibliographien o.ä. nachgewiesen werden. Hierzu werden nach festgelegten Regeln die verschiedenen formalen Charakteristika zu "Auswertungselementen" zusammengefaßt, die jeweils eine sinnvoll nicht weiter zu unterteilende Klasse zusammengehöriger Charakteristika bilden (z.B. ist ein Datum, bestehend aus Tag, Monat, Jahr nicht weiter zu unterteilen und bildet deshalb ein Auswertungselement). Alle bei der formalen Analyse ermittelten Auswertungselemente für die Beschreibung eines Dokumentes werden in festgelegter Form und Reihenfolge niedergeschrieben. Aus der vollständigen Menge von Auswertungselementen wird nur ein bestimmter Teil als Ordnungs- oder Suchmerkmale ausgewählt. Das Ergebnis der formalen Analyse wird gemeinhin "Titelaufnahme" oder "Fundstelle" oder "Zitat" genannt.
Footnote
Allgemeine, d.h. nicht ausschließlich an bibliothekarischen Anwendungsbereichen orientierte, Darstellung der formalen Erfassung und bibliographischen Beschreibung von Dokumenten verschiedenster Typen.
Theme
Formalerschließung
Datenformate

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