Document (#36096)

Author
Ratzka, A.
Title
Patternbasiertes User Interface Design für multimodale Interaktion : Identifikation und Validierung von Patterns auf Basis einer Analyse der Forschungsliteratur und explorativer Benutzertests an Systemprototypen
Imprint
Boizenburg : VWH, Verl. W. Hülsbusch
Year
2010
Pages
392 S
Isbn
978-3-940317-62-9
Series
Schriften zur Informationswissenschaft; Bd.55
Abstract
Seit den 90er Jahren wird intensiv in verschiedensten Projekten an multimodalen Interaktionstechniken und verschiedenartigsten Modalitätskombinationen aus Sprache, Gesten, Mimik, Blickbewegungen etc. geforscht. Man hofft, im Rahmen von multimodalen Interaktionsparadigmen natürlichere, robustere, flexiblere und leistungsfähigere Benutzerschnittstellen gestalten zu können. Traditionelle Entwicklungsansätze f¨ur multimodale Interaktion bieten Implementierungs- und Prototyping-Hilfsmittel und Formalismen zur Spezifikation der Benutzerschnittstelle. Andere Ansätze legen ihren Fokus auf guidelinebasierte Entscheidungsunterstützung für die Anfangsphasen der Anforderungsanalyse. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, diese traditionellen Ansätze zu ergänzen. Mit Hilfe von User Interface Patterns - von Mustern erfolgreicher Systemrealisierungen - sollen nicht nur frühe Designphasen, sondern auch spätere Stufen des detaillierten Designs durch konkrete Entscheidungshilfen unterstützt werden. In dieser Arbeit wurde im Rahmen einer Metastudie über die Forschungsliteratur ein Katalog von User Interface Patterns identifiziert. Hierzu wurden allgemeine aus Forschungsergebnissen der Psychologie und Mensch- Maschine-Interaktion abgeleitete Prinzipien, Beschreibungen der im Rahmen von Forschungsprojekten entstandenen multimodalen Prototypen und auf diesen basierende empirische Forschungsergebnisse analysiert. Im Rahmen des praktischen Teils der Arbeit wurden f¨ur zwei Szenarien (PDA und Desktop) jeweils ein Wizard-of-Oz-Prototyp und ein eigenständiger "Stand-alone"-Prototyp zur E-Mail-Kommunikation umgesetzt. Diese Prototypen dienten zunächst zur exemplarischen Verifikation einiger der Patterns. Benutzertests zeigten die Plausibilität und Akzeptanz der eingesetzten Muster, insbesondere der Patterns Sprachkürzel, alternative Eingabemöglichkeiten und sprachgestütztes Formular, auf. Die Untersuchung der Augenbewegungen zeigte, dass Blickbewegungsdaten Hinweise auf Benutzerabsichten bieten können, dies allerdings von der aktuellen Aufgabe abhängt. Hier ist weitere Forschung notwendig, um neue, natürlichere und einfacher zu verwendende multimodale Bedienkonzepte zu entwickeln.
Footnote
Zugl.: Regensburg, Univ., Diss., 2009.
Theme
Suchoberflächen
RSWK
Multimodales System / Mensch-Maschine-Kommunikation / Benutzeroberfläche / Entwurfsmuster / Prototyping / Benutzerverhalten
BK
54.70 / Computermethodik: Allgemeines
DDC
004.019 / DDC22ger
GHBS
KNZT (SI)
TXL
RVK
ST 278

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