Document (#36237)

Author
Gray, A.J.G.
Gray, N.
Hall, C.W.
Ounis, I.
Title
Finding the right term : retrieving and exploring semantic concepts in astronomical vocabularies
Source
Information processing and management. 46(2010) no.4, S.470-478
Year
2010
Abstract
Astronomy, like many domains, already has several sets of terminology in general use, referred to as controlled vocabularies. For example, the keywords for tagging journal articles, or the taxonomy of terms used to label image files. These existing vocabularies can be encoded into skos, a W3C proposed recommendation for representing vocabularies on the Semantic Web, so that computer systems can help users to search for and discover resources tagged with vocabulary concepts. However, this requires a search mechanism to go from a user-supplied string to a vocabulary concept. In this paper, we present our experiences in implementing the Vocabulary Explorer, a vocabulary search service based on the Terrier Information Retrieval Platform. We investigate the capabilities of existing document weighting models for identifying the correct vocabulary concept for a query. Due to the highly structured nature of a skos encoded vocabulary, we investigate the effects of term weighting (boosting the score of concepts that match on particular fields of a vocabulary concept), and query expansion. We found that the existing document weighting models provided very high quality results, but these could be improved further with the use of term weighting that makes use of the semantic evidence.
Theme
Wissensrepräsentation
Field
Astronomie
Object
SKOS

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  5. Tudhope, D.; Binding, C.: Mapping between linked data vocabularies in ARIADNE (2015) 0.23
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