Document (#36431)

Author
Meyer, A.
Title
Begriffsrelationen im Kategoriensystem der Wikipedia : Entwicklung eines Relationeninventars zur kollaborativen Anwendung
Imprint
Köln : Fachhochschule / Fakultät für Informations- und Kommunikationswissenschaften
Year
2010
Pages
103 S
Abstract
Neben den bekannten Hyperlinks in Artikeltexten verfügt die Online-Enzyklopädie Wikipedia mit ihrem Kategoriensystem über ein weiteres Mittel zur Herstellung von Relationen zwischen Artikeln. Jeder Artikel ist einer oder mehreren Kategorien zugeordnet, die ihrerseits anderen Kategorien zugeordnet sind. Auf diese Weise entsteht eine systematische Ordnung von Artikeln und Kategorien. Betrachtet man nur die Artikel- und Kategoriennamen sowie diese Relationen, so stellt das Kategoriensystem ein gemeinschaftlich erstelltes Begriffssystem dar, das sämtliche von der Wikipedia abgedeckten Themenbereiche umfasst, jedoch - technisch betrachtet - ausschließlich hierarchische Relationen enthält. Aufgrund des Fehlens eines differenzierten Regelwerks zur Kategorisierung ist das Kategoriensystem derzeit jedoch inkonsistent, daneben sind, bedingt durch das Vorhandensein lediglich eines Relationstyps, viele Relationen wenig aussagekräftig. Dennoch besteht das Potenzial zur Schaffung eines stark und differenziert relationierten Begriffssystems aus dem bestehenden Kategoriensystem heraus. Die vorliegende Arbeit diskutiert die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten eines solchen Begriffssystems und die Option seiner gemeinschaftlichen Entwicklung aus dem bestehenden Vokabular des Kategoriensystems, mithin also der gemeinschaftlichen Relationierung von Begriffen anhand eines differenzierten Relationeninventars. Ausgehend von den Kategorien "Theater" und "Jagd" der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia wird ein hierarchisch strukturiertes Relationeninventar definiert, das sowohl spezifische als auch allgemeine Relationstypen enthält und damit die Möglichkeit zur Übertragung auf andere Gegenstandsbereiche bietet. Sämtliche Artikel- und Kategoriennamen, die unterhalb jener Kategorien erscheinen, werden unter Verwendung der neu entwickelten Relationstypen als Deskriptoren relationiert.
Content
Bachelorarbeit im Studiengang Bibliothekswesen
Footnote
Video des Vortrags auf der ISI_2011 in Hildesheim (www.eurospider.com/video-podcasts.html) unter: ..\videos\Meyer_ISI_2011.flv.
Theme
Wissensrepräsentation
Semantic Web
Object
Wikipedia

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