Document (#36802)

Author
Ma, X.
Carranza, E.J.M.
Wu, C.
Meer, F.D. van der
Liu, G.
Title
¬A SKOS-based multilingual thesaurus of geological time scale for interoperability of online geological maps
Source
Computers & Geosciences. 37(2011), no.10, S.1602-1615
Year
2011
Abstract
The usefulness of online geological maps is hindered by linguistic barriers. Multilingual geoscience thesauri alleviate linguistic barriers of geological maps. However, the benefits of multilingual geoscience thesauri for online geological maps are less studied. In this regard, we developed a multilingual thesaurus of geological time scale (GTS) to alleviate linguistic barriers of GTS records among online geological maps. We extended the Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) model to represent the ordinal hierarchical structure of GTS terms. We collected GTS terms in seven languages and encoded them into a thesaurus by using the extended SKOS model. We implemented methods of characteristic-oriented term retrieval in JavaScript programs for accessing Web Map Services (WMS), recognizing GTS terms, and making translations. With the developed thesaurus and programs, we set up a pilot system to test recognitions and translations of GTS terms in online geological maps. Results of this pilot system proved the accuracy of the developed thesaurus and the functionality of the developed programs. Therefore, with proper deployments, SKOS-based multilingual geoscience thesauri can be functional for alleviating linguistic barriers among online geological maps and, thus, improving their interoperability.
Content
Article Outline 1. Introduction 2. SKOS-based multilingual thesaurus of geological time scale 2.1. Addressing the insufficiency of SKOS in the context of the Semantic Web 2.2. Addressing semantics and syntax/lexicon in multilingual GTS terms 2.3. Extending SKOS model to capture GTS structure 2.4. Summary of building the SKOS-based MLTGTS 3. Recognizing and translating GTS terms retrieved from WMS 4. Pilot system, results, and evaluation 5. Discussion 6. Conclusions Vgl. unter: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MiamiImageURL&_cid=271720&_user=3865853&_pii=S0098300411000744&_check=y&_origin=&_coverDate=31-Oct-2011&view=c&wchp=dGLbVlt-zSkzS&_valck=1&md5=e2c1daf53df72d034d22278212578f42&ie=/sdarticle.pdf.
Theme
Wissensrepräsentation
Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus
Multilinguale Probleme
Field
Geowissenschaften
Object
SKOS

Similar documents (author)

  1. Meer, J. de: ¬The ISO reference model for open distributed processing (1995) 4.68
    4.680153 = sum of:
      4.680153 = weight(author_txt:meer in 3277) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.680153 = fieldWeight in 3277, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=3277)
    
  2. Meer, P.F.V.; Rike, G.E.: Multimedia: meeting the demand for user education with a self instructional tutorial (1996) 4.68
    4.680153 = sum of:
      4.680153 = weight(author_txt:meer in 6969) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.680153 = fieldWeight in 6969, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=6969)
    
  3. Meer, K. van der: Document information systems (2009) 4.68
    4.680153 = sum of:
      4.680153 = weight(author_txt:meer in 772) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.680153 = fieldWeight in 772, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=772)
    
  4. Meer Martens, B. van der -> Van der Meer Martens, B.: 4.14
    4.1367097 = sum of:
      4.1367097 = weight(author_txt:meer in 3823) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.1367097 = fieldWeight in 3823, product of:
          1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
            2.0 = termFreq=2.0
          9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
          0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=3823)
    
  5. Hoogeveen, M.J.; Meer, K. van der: Integration of information retrieval and database management in support of multimedia police work (1994) 3.51
    3.5101147 = sum of:
      3.5101147 = weight(author_txt:meer in 7149) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.5101147 = fieldWeight in 7149, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=7149)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Hill, L.L.; Frew, J.; Zheng, Q.: Geographic names : the implementation of a gazetteer in a georeferenced digital library (1999) 0.15
    0.15153854 = sum of:
      0.15153854 = product of:
        0.6314106 = sum of:
          0.0069474736 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 3241) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0069474736 = score(doc=3241,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.031160027 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1501905 = boost
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.2229611 = fieldWeight in 3241, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3241)
          0.020722557 = weight(abstract_txt:thesauri in 3241) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020722557 = score(doc=3241,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08134898 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.858433 = boost
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.25473654 = fieldWeight in 3241, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3241)
          0.012755911 = weight(abstract_txt:developed in 3241) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012755911 = score(doc=3241,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06479037 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9151176 = boost
                4.2001014 = idf(docFreq=1741, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.19687974 = fieldWeight in 3241, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2001014 = idf(docFreq=1741, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3241)
          0.012824654 = weight(abstract_txt:online in 3241) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012824654 = score(doc=3241,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07443268 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5140138 = boost
                3.6757057 = idf(docFreq=2942, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.1722987 = fieldWeight in 3241, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6757057 = idf(docFreq=2942, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3241)
          0.051257346 = weight(abstract_txt:thesaurus in 3241) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051257346 = score(doc=3241,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.1223122 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.941915 = boost
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.41906977 = fieldWeight in 3241, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3241)
          0.5269027 = weight(abstract_txt:geological in 3241) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5269027 = score(doc=3241,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.8052064 = queryWeight, product of:
                10.1271 = boost
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.6543697 = fieldWeight in 3241, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3241)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Jeffery, K.G.; Bailo, D.: EPOS: using metadata in geoscience (2014) 0.15
    0.14577621 = sum of:
      0.14577621 = product of:
        1.2148018 = sum of:
          0.0092632985 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 3582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0092632985 = score(doc=3582,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.031160027 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1501905 = boost
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.29728147 = fieldWeight in 3582, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3582)
          0.046411674 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperability in 3582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046411674 = score(doc=3582,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.069627054 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4038291 = boost
                6.157559 = idf(docFreq=245, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.6665753 = fieldWeight in 3582, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.157559 = idf(docFreq=245, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3582)
          1.1591268 = weight(title_txt:geoscience in 3582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.1591268 = score(doc=3582,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26840213 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3757 = boost
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              4.3186197 = fieldWeight in 3582, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.4375 = fieldNorm(doc=3582)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  3. Jorna, K.; Davies, S.: Multilingual thesauri for the modern world : no ideal solution? (2001) 0.11
    0.10613335 = sum of:
      0.10613335 = product of:
        0.4422223 = sum of:
          0.055379055 = weight(abstract_txt:pilot in 487) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055379055 = score(doc=487,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.077270545 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4788775 = boost
                6.4867406 = idf(docFreq=176, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.71669036 = fieldWeight in 487, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.4867406 = idf(docFreq=176, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=487)
          0.059820868 = weight(abstract_txt:thesauri in 487) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.059820868 = score(doc=487,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.08134898 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.858433 = boost
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.73536104 = fieldWeight in 487, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=487)
          0.021374423 = weight(abstract_txt:online in 487) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021374423 = score(doc=487,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07443268 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5140138 = boost
                3.6757057 = idf(docFreq=2942, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.2871645 = fieldWeight in 487, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6757057 = idf(docFreq=2942, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=487)
          0.057584506 = weight(abstract_txt:linguistic in 487) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.057584506 = score(doc=487,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12589468 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.669586 = boost
                5.8547482 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.4574022 = fieldWeight in 487, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8547482 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=487)
          0.06975242 = weight(abstract_txt:thesaurus in 487) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06975242 = score(doc=487,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1223122 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.941915 = boost
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.57028174 = fieldWeight in 487, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=487)
          0.178311 = weight(abstract_txt:multilingual in 487) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.178311 = score(doc=487,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.18149823 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5836983 = boost
                6.287612 = idf(docFreq=215, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.9824394 = fieldWeight in 487, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.287612 = idf(docFreq=215, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=487)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Ramsey, M.C.; Chen, H.; Zhu, B.; Schatz, B.R.: ¬A collection of visual thesauri for browsing large collections of geographic images (1999) 0.10
    0.10443611 = sum of:
      0.10443611 = product of:
        0.8703009 = sum of:
          0.041445114 = weight(abstract_txt:thesauri in 4923) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041445114 = score(doc=4923,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08134898 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.858433 = boost
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.5094731 = fieldWeight in 4923, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4923)
          0.0837029 = weight(abstract_txt:thesaurus in 4923) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0837029 = score(doc=4923,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1223122 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.941915 = boost
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.6843381 = fieldWeight in 4923, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4923)
          0.7451529 = weight(abstract_txt:geological in 4923) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.7451529 = score(doc=4923,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8052064 = queryWeight, product of:
                10.1271 = boost
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.9254185 = fieldWeight in 4923, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.871131 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4923)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  5. Francu, V.: Multilingual access to information using an intermediate language (2003) 0.10
    0.09662197 = sum of:
      0.09662197 = product of:
        0.34507847 = sum of:
          0.012815741 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 3743) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012815741 = score(doc=3743,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.031160027 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1501905 = boost
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.41128787 = fieldWeight in 3743, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3743)
          0.013441689 = weight(abstract_txt:terms in 3743) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013441689 = score(doc=3743,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06053978 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8512311 = boost
                4.05999 = idf(docFreq=2003, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.2220307 = fieldWeight in 3743, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.05999 = idf(docFreq=2003, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3743)
          0.024176316 = weight(abstract_txt:thesauri in 3743) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024176316 = score(doc=3743,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08134898 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.858433 = boost
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.29719263 = fieldWeight in 3743, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4343796 = idf(docFreq=506, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3743)
          0.05700575 = weight(abstract_txt:linguistic in 3743) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05700575 = score(doc=3743,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12589468 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.669586 = boost
                5.8547482 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.45280507 = fieldWeight in 3743, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.8547482 = idf(docFreq=332, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3743)
          0.08457032 = weight(abstract_txt:thesaurus in 3743) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08457032 = score(doc=3743,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.1223122 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.941915 = boost
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.6914299 = fieldWeight in 3743, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                5.161601 = idf(docFreq=665, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3743)
          0.06480919 = weight(abstract_txt:barriers in 3743) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06480919 = score(doc=3743,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.172781 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1274345 = boost
                6.8588696 = idf(docFreq=121, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.3750944 = fieldWeight in 3743, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.8588696 = idf(docFreq=121, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3743)
          0.08825944 = weight(abstract_txt:multilingual in 3743) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08825944 = score(doc=3743,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.18149823 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5836983 = boost
                6.287612 = idf(docFreq=215, maxDocs=42740)
                0.008054809 = queryNorm
              0.48628268 = fieldWeight in 3743, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.287612 = idf(docFreq=215, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3743)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)