Document (#36816)

Author
Kless, D.
Lindenthal, J.
Milton, S.
Kazmierczak, E.
Title
Interoperability of knowledge organization systems with and through ontologies
Source
Classification and ontology: formal approaches and access to knowledge: proceedings of the International UDC Seminar, 19-20 September 2011, The Hague, The Netherlands. Eds.: A. Slavic u. E. Civallero
Imprint
Würzburg : Ergon Verlag
Year
2011
Pages
S.55-74
Abstract
Ontologies are increasingly seen as a new type of knowledge organization system (KOS) besides traditional ones such as classification schemes or thesauri. Consequently, there are efforts to compare them with and map them to other KOS. This paper argues that only ontologies for reality representation are useful subjects of such comparisons and mappings. These ontologies are difficult to distinguish from other "data modelling" - types of ontology, since both can be represented through the popular Web Ontology Language (OWL). Data modelling ontologies such as Simple Knowledge Organization Systems (SKOS) are useful instruments for establishing interoperability between KOS in the sense of publishing and accessing data and data models in a uniform way as well as for relating them to each other. Discriminating these two understandings of ontologies particularly supports comparisons and mappings between traditional KOS and ontologies. In practice, such efforts are still impeded by the absence of standards or guidelines for vocabulary control in ontologies. Moreover, this paper emphasizes that methods for constructing and evaluating reality representation ontologies can be useful to re-engineer traditional KOS. This makes them become more interoperable in the sense of combinable, but also more useful in the sense of improving search expansion results and reusable for different purposes.
Theme
Semantische Interoperabilität

Similar documents (author)

  1. Kless, D.; Milton, S.; Kazmierczak, E.; Lindenthal, J.: Thesaurus and ontology structure : formal and pragmatic differences and similarities (2015) 4.36
    4.357954 = sum of:
      4.357954 = sum of:
        2.178977 = weight(author_txt:kless in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.178977 = score(doc=4037,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.70710677 = queryWeight, product of:
              9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
              0.07170796 = queryNorm
            3.081539 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
              0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
        2.178977 = weight(author_txt:lindenthal in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.178977 = score(doc=4037,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.70710677 = queryWeight, product of:
              9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
              0.07170796 = queryNorm
            3.081539 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
              0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
    
  2. Kless, D.: From a thesaurus standard to a general knowledge organization standard?! (2007) 2.18
    2.178977 = sum of:
      2.178977 = product of:
        4.357954 = sum of:
          4.357954 = weight(author_txt:kless in 2529) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.357954 = score(doc=2529,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.70710677 = queryWeight, product of:
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07170796 = queryNorm
              6.163078 = fieldWeight in 2529, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2529)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  3. Kless, D.: Erstellung eines allgemeinen Standards zur Wissensorganisation : Nutzen, Möglichkeiten, Herausforderungen, Wege (2010) 2.18
    2.178977 = sum of:
      2.178977 = product of:
        4.357954 = sum of:
          4.357954 = weight(author_txt:kless in 1423) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.357954 = score(doc=1423,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.70710677 = queryWeight, product of:
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07170796 = queryNorm
              6.163078 = fieldWeight in 1423, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1423)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  4. Lindenthal, T.: Valuable words : the price dynamics of internet domain names (2014) 2.18
    2.178977 = sum of:
      2.178977 = product of:
        4.357954 = sum of:
          4.357954 = weight(author_txt:lindenthal in 3249) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.357954 = score(doc=3249,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.70710677 = queryWeight, product of:
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07170796 = queryNorm
              6.163078 = fieldWeight in 3249, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3249)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  5. Kless, D.; Milton, S.: Comparison of thesauri and ontologies from a semiotic perspective (2010) 1.74
    1.7431817 = sum of:
      1.7431817 = product of:
        3.4863634 = sum of:
          3.4863634 = weight(author_txt:kless in 2757) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.4863634 = score(doc=2757,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.70710677 = queryWeight, product of:
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07170796 = queryNorm
              4.9304624 = fieldWeight in 2757, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.860925 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=42306)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=2757)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Klein, M.; Ding, Y.; Fensel, D.; Omelayenko, B.: Ontology management : storing, aligning and maintaining ontologies (2004) 0.30
    0.30387455 = sum of:
      0.30387455 = product of:
        0.949608 = sum of:
          0.011046048 = weight(abstract_txt:other in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011046048 = score(doc=1403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07974205 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3634682 = boost
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.13852225 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
          0.01158815 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01158815 = score(doc=1403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08233014 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3854176 = boost
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.14075223 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
          0.09127641 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09127641 = score(doc=1403,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.13215736 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4331819 = boost
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.6906646 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
          0.04809973 = weight(abstract_txt:modelling in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04809973 = score(doc=1403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18575795 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6991407 = boost
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.25893766 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
          0.019311694 = weight(abstract_txt:such in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019311694 = score(doc=1403,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10109568 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.772707 = boost
                3.4579027 = idf(docFreq=3621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.19102393 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4579027 = idf(docFreq=3621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
          0.063468486 = weight(abstract_txt:mappings in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.063468486 = score(doc=1403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22347268 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8636651 = boost
                7.2706575 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.28401005 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.2706575 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
          0.026620496 = weight(abstract_txt:them in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026620496 = score(doc=1403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15776347 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2144907 = boost
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.16873676 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
          0.678197 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 1403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.678197 = score(doc=1403,freq=20.0), product of:
              0.65940225 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.791053 = boost
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              1.0285027 = fieldWeight in 1403, product of:
                4.472136 = tf(freq=20.0), with freq of:
                  20.0 = termFreq=20.0
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=1403)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  2. Stuart, D.: Practical ontologies for information professionals (2016) 0.29
    0.29380918 = sum of:
      0.29380918 = product of:
        1.0493184 = sum of:
          0.017673679 = weight(abstract_txt:other in 2070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017673679 = score(doc=2070,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07974205 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3634682 = boost
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.22163561 = fieldWeight in 2070, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2070)
          0.026220992 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 2070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026220992 = score(doc=2070,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08233014 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3854176 = boost
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.31848595 = fieldWeight in 2070, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2070)
          0.04618261 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 2070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04618261 = score(doc=2070,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13215736 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4331819 = boost
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.3494517 = fieldWeight in 2070, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2070)
          0.028925534 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 2070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028925534 = score(doc=2070,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.096744575 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7341392 = boost
                3.382671 = idf(docFreq=3904, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.2989887 = fieldWeight in 2070, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.382671 = idf(docFreq=3904, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2070)
          0.021848688 = weight(abstract_txt:such in 2070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021848688 = score(doc=2070,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10109568 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.772707 = boost
                3.4579027 = idf(docFreq=3621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.21611892 = fieldWeight in 2070, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4579027 = idf(docFreq=3621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2070)
          0.10372395 = weight(abstract_txt:useful in 2070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10372395 = score(doc=2070,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.19799823 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4808545 = boost
                4.8392396 = idf(docFreq=909, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.523863 = fieldWeight in 2070, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.8392396 = idf(docFreq=909, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2070)
          0.804743 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 2070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.804743 = score(doc=2070,freq=11.0), product of:
              0.65940225 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.791053 = boost
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              1.2204129 = fieldWeight in 2070, product of:
                3.3166249 = tf(freq=11.0), with freq of:
                  11.0 = termFreq=11.0
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2070)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Köhler, J.; Philippi, S.; Specht, M.; Rüegg, A.: Ontology based text indexing and querying for the semantic web (2006) 0.28
    0.28031546 = sum of:
      0.28031546 = product of:
        0.87598586 = sum of:
          0.017673679 = weight(abstract_txt:other in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017673679 = score(doc=281,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07974205 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3634682 = boost
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.22163561 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
          0.06531207 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06531207 = score(doc=281,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13215736 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4331819 = boost
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.4941993 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
          0.020453442 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020453442 = score(doc=281,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.096744575 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7341392 = boost
                3.382671 = idf(docFreq=3904, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.21141694 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.382671 = idf(docFreq=3904, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
          0.08518032 = weight(abstract_txt:comparisons in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08518032 = score(doc=281,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19876131 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7576063 = boost
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.42855585 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
          0.021848688 = weight(abstract_txt:such in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021848688 = score(doc=281,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10109568 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.772707 = boost
                3.4579027 = idf(docFreq=3621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.21611892 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4579027 = idf(docFreq=3621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
          0.042592794 = weight(abstract_txt:them in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042592794 = score(doc=281,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15776347 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2144907 = boost
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.26997882 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
          0.08036724 = weight(abstract_txt:sense in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08036724 = score(doc=281,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21887128 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.258893 = boost
                5.875032 = idf(docFreq=322, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.3671895 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.875032 = idf(docFreq=322, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
          0.5425576 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5425576 = score(doc=281,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.65940225 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.791053 = boost
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.8228022 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Stempfhuber, M.; Zapilko, B.: Modelling text-fact-integration in digital libraries (2009) 0.27
    0.27313882 = sum of:
      0.27313882 = product of:
        0.682847 = sum of:
          0.026220992 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026220992 = score(doc=394,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08233014 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3854176 = boost
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.31848595 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.04618261 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04618261 = score(doc=394,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13215736 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4331819 = boost
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.3494517 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.047499422 = weight(abstract_txt:efforts in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047499422 = score(doc=394,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13465771 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4466759 = boost
                5.643871 = idf(docFreq=406, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.35274193 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.643871 = idf(docFreq=406, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.08839181 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperability in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08839181 = score(doc=394,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16169766 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5852855 = boost
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.5466487 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.076959565 = weight(abstract_txt:modelling in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.076959565 = score(doc=394,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18575795 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6991407 = boost
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.41430023 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.0354264 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0354264 = score(doc=394,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.096744575 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7341392 = boost
                3.382671 = idf(docFreq=3904, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.3661849 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.382671 = idf(docFreq=3904, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.036622476 = weight(abstract_txt:organization in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036622476 = score(doc=394,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12960882 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7382753 = boost
                4.5209856 = idf(docFreq=1250, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.2825616 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5209856 = idf(docFreq=1250, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.040311772 = weight(abstract_txt:traditional in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040311772 = score(doc=394,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13817327 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7947886 = boost
                4.667968 = idf(docFreq=1079, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.291748 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.667968 = idf(docFreq=1079, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.042592794 = weight(abstract_txt:them in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042592794 = score(doc=394,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15776347 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2144907 = boost
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.26997882 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
          0.24263914 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 394) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24263914 = score(doc=394,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.65940225 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.791053 = boost
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.36796832 = fieldWeight in 394, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=394)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  5. Kent, R.E.: ¬The information flow foundation for conceptual knowledge organization (2000) 0.24
    0.24152856 = sum of:
      0.24152856 = product of:
        0.862602 = sum of:
          0.02501222 = weight(abstract_txt:through in 1122) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02501222 = score(doc=1122,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06969429 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0407687 = boost
                4.060318 = idf(docFreq=1982, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.35888478 = fieldWeight in 1122, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.060318 = idf(docFreq=1982, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1122)
          0.017673679 = weight(abstract_txt:other in 1122) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017673679 = score(doc=1122,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07974205 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3634682 = boost
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.22163561 = fieldWeight in 1122, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5461698 = idf(docFreq=3315, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1122)
          0.026220992 = weight(abstract_txt:knowledge in 1122) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026220992 = score(doc=1122,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08233014 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3854176 = boost
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.31848595 = fieldWeight in 1122, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6032572 = idf(docFreq=3131, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1122)
          0.14604224 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 1122) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14604224 = score(doc=1122,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.13215736 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4331819 = boost
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              1.1050633 = fieldWeight in 1122, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1122)
          0.06250245 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperability in 1122) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06250245 = score(doc=1122,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16169766 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5852855 = boost
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.386539 = fieldWeight in 1122, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1122)
          0.042592794 = weight(abstract_txt:them in 1122) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042592794 = score(doc=1122,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15776347 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2144907 = boost
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.26997882 = fieldWeight in 1122, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.319661 = idf(docFreq=1529, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1122)
          0.5425576 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 1122) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5425576 = score(doc=1122,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.65940225 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.791053 = boost
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.016492363 = queryNorm
              0.8228022 = fieldWeight in 1122, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.887493 = idf(docFreq=318, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1122)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)