Document (#36850)

Author
Nentwig, L.
Title
Semantische Interoperabilität : Bd.2: Semantische Konflikte
Issue
White paper
Imprint
Berlin : Fraunhofer-Institut für Software- und Systemtechnik ISST
Year
2010
Pages
14 S
Abstract
Prozessketten in der freien Wirtschaft oder Verwaltung sind zunehmend geprägt von einem intensiven Austausch von Dokumenten und Daten auch über die Grenzen der beteiligten Organisationen hinweg. Wie in Band 1 der White Paper-Reihe dargelegt, ist die Sicherstellung der semantischen Interoperabilität eine der zentralen Anforderungen für einen semantisch konsistenten und damit erfolgreichen Ablauf der Geschäftsprozesse. Grundlage für semantische Interoperabilität sind die technische und die syntaktische Interoperabilität: Die technische Interoperabilität umfasst die Möglichkeit der technischen Interaktion mit sowie des Transports von Inhalten und erfordert dafür die leitungstechnische Verbindbarkeit und Passbarkeit auf Protokollebene. Die syntaktische Interoperabilität wird durch einen homogenen Einsatz von Sprachen (wie z. B. XML) sichergestellt und gewährleistet den Austausch von Daten auf Basis von vordefinierten und exakt vereinbahrten syntaktischen Strukturen. Semantische Interoperabilität stellt die komplexeste unter den Stufen der Interoperabilität dar. Der wesentliche Grund dafür, dass die Anforderung der semantischen Interoperabilität nicht erfüllt wird, ist das Vorhandensein bzw. die fehlende Auflösung sogenannter semantischer Konflikte. Ein semantischer Konflikt wird hervorgerufen, wenn die am Datenaustausch beteiligten Sender und Empfänger unterschiedliche Datenstrukturen und Dateninhalte verwenden. Eine detaillierte Beschreibung der Konfliktarten und ihrer Behandlung zeigen die nächsten Abschnitte.
Content
Um zwischen Behörden, Wirtschaft und Bürgern durchgängige Prozessketten zu erreichen, wird heute weitgehend auf internetgestützte Kooperation gesetzt. Vielfach sind dabei Insellösungen und autarke IT-Fachanwendungen entstanden, die nicht ohne Weiteres interoperabel sind. Trotz eines syntaktisch korrekten Datenaustausches können die Nutzung unterschiedlicher Begriffe, Datenstrukturen und Schreibkonventionen zu Fehlinterpretationen führen. In der White Paper-Reihe »Semantische Interoperabilität« vermittelt das Fraunhofer ISST in verständlicher Weise Grundlagen und Lösungsansätze des »Semantic Interoperability Engineerings « (SIE). Die Reihe richtet sich an technisch interessierte Personenkreise mit und ohne fachliches Vorwissen (vom Projektleiter bis zum CIO). Vgl.: http://www.isst.fraunhofer.de/geschaeftsfelder/gfegovernment/referenzprojekte/sie/white-paper/index.jsp.
Theme
Semantische Interoperabilität

Similar documents (content)

  1. Nentwig, L.: Semantische Interoperabilität : Bd.1: Eine technische Einführung (2010) 0.21
    0.21159935 = sum of:
      0.21159935 = product of:
        1.0579967 = sum of:
          0.081078075 = weight(abstract_txt:datenstrukturen in 1848) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.081078075 = score(doc=1848,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11513671 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0286813 = boost
                9.013627 = idf(docFreq=13, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.7041896 = fieldWeight in 1848, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.013627 = idf(docFreq=13, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1848)
          0.12798774 = weight(abstract_txt:geschäftsprozesse in 1848) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12798774 = score(doc=1848,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.123893104 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0670812 = boost
                9.3501 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              1.0330498 = fieldWeight in 1848, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.3501 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1848)
          0.050253395 = weight(abstract_txt:dafür in 1848) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050253395 = score(doc=1848,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.105454504 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3922637 = boost
                6.099725 = idf(docFreq=257, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.47654098 = fieldWeight in 1848, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.099725 = idf(docFreq=257, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1848)
          0.2019119 = weight(abstract_txt:semantische in 1848) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2019119 = score(doc=1848,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.26651978 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.130175 = boost
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.7575869 = fieldWeight in 1848, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1848)
          0.5967657 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperabilität in 1848) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5967657 = score(doc=1848,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.7192584 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.713254 = boost
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.8296958 = fieldWeight in 1848, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1848)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Reitbauer, A.: IT Konsolidierung und Informationsintegration (2006) 0.18
    0.1792672 = sum of:
      0.1792672 = product of:
        0.89633596 = sum of:
          0.039327677 = weight(abstract_txt:daten in 807) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039327677 = score(doc=807,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.079304814 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2073653 = boost
                5.289656 = idf(docFreq=579, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.49590528 = fieldWeight in 807, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.289656 = idf(docFreq=579, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=807)
          0.030944984 = weight(abstract_txt:wird in 807) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030944984 = score(doc=807,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.061411254 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3012433 = boost
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.5038976 = fieldWeight in 807, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=807)
          0.07739652 = weight(abstract_txt:semantischen in 807) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07739652 = score(doc=807,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12454175 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.513026 = boost
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.62145036 = fieldWeight in 807, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=807)
          0.24229427 = weight(abstract_txt:semantische in 807) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24229427 = score(doc=807,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.26651978 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.130175 = boost
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.9091042 = fieldWeight in 807, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=807)
          0.5063725 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperabilität in 807) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5063725 = score(doc=807,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.7192584 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.713254 = boost
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.70402026 = fieldWeight in 807, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=807)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Gödert, W.: Semantische Wissensrepräsentation und Interoperabilität : Teil 1: Interoperabilität als Weg zur Wissensexploration (2010) 0.15
    0.15371256 = sum of:
      0.15371256 = product of:
        0.9607035 = sum of:
          0.021881407 = weight(abstract_txt:wird in 349) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021881407 = score(doc=349,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061411254 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3012433 = boost
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.3563094 = fieldWeight in 349, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=349)
          0.1094552 = weight(abstract_txt:semantischen in 349) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1094552 = score(doc=349,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12454175 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.513026 = boost
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.8788635 = fieldWeight in 349, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=349)
          0.11324802 = weight(abstract_txt:semantischer in 349) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11324802 = score(doc=349,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16051704 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7177086 = boost
                7.52555 = idf(docFreq=61, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.7055203 = fieldWeight in 349, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.52555 = idf(docFreq=61, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=349)
          0.7161189 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperabilität in 349) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.7161189 = score(doc=349,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.7192584 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.713254 = boost
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.99563503 = fieldWeight in 349, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=349)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  4. Gödert, W.: Semantische Wissensrepräsentation und Interoperabilität : Teil 2: Ein formales Modell semantischer Interoperabilität (2010) 0.15
    0.153365 = sum of:
      0.153365 = product of:
        0.95853126 = sum of:
          0.029175213 = weight(abstract_txt:wird in 3531) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029175213 = score(doc=3531,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061411254 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3012433 = boost
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.47507924 = fieldWeight in 3531, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=3531)
          0.103195354 = weight(abstract_txt:semantischen in 3531) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.103195354 = score(doc=3531,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12454175 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.513026 = boost
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.82860047 = fieldWeight in 3531, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=3531)
          0.15099737 = weight(abstract_txt:semantischer in 3531) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15099737 = score(doc=3531,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16051704 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7177086 = boost
                7.52555 = idf(docFreq=61, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.94069374 = fieldWeight in 3531, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.52555 = idf(docFreq=61, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=3531)
          0.6751633 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperabilität in 3531) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6751633 = score(doc=3531,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.7192584 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.713254 = boost
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.9386937 = fieldWeight in 3531, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=3531)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Ehrig, M.; Studer, R.: Wissensvernetzung durch Ontologien (2006) 0.13
    0.132416 = sum of:
      0.132416 = product of:
        0.66207993 = sum of:
          0.014587606 = weight(abstract_txt:wird in 902) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014587606 = score(doc=902,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061411254 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3012433 = boost
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.23753962 = fieldWeight in 902, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.800634 = idf(docFreq=2570, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=902)
          0.051597677 = weight(abstract_txt:semantischen in 902) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051597677 = score(doc=902,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12454175 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.513026 = boost
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.41430023 = fieldWeight in 902, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6288037 = idf(docFreq=151, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=902)
          0.060480513 = weight(abstract_txt:austausch in 902) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060480513 = score(doc=902,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1384539 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5952969 = boost
                6.989245 = idf(docFreq=105, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.4368278 = fieldWeight in 902, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.989245 = idf(docFreq=105, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=902)
          0.19783244 = weight(abstract_txt:semantische in 902) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19783244 = score(doc=902,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.26651978 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.130175 = boost
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.7422805 = fieldWeight in 902, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.8568935 = idf(docFreq=120, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=902)
          0.33758166 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperabilität in 902) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33758166 = score(doc=902,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.7192584 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.713254 = boost
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0124174785 = queryNorm
              0.46934685 = fieldWeight in 902, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5095496 = idf(docFreq=62, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=902)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)