Document (#37023)

Author
Hoboken, J. van
Title
Suchmaschinen-Gesetzgebung und die Frage der Ausdrucksfreiheit : Eine europäische Perspektive
Source
Deep Search: Politik des Suchens jenseits von Google; Deep Search-Konferenz, Wien, 2008.11.08; eine Veröffentlichung des World-Information Institute. Hrsg.: K. Becker u. F. Stalder
Imprint
Innsbruck : Studien-Verl.
Year
2009
Pages
S.98-111
Abstract
Eine typische Darstellung der Herausforderungen der Ausdrucksfreiheit im Zusammenhang mit Suchmaschinen beginnt mit einer Diskussion der Internet-Zensur in China und in anderen Ländern, die keine Tradition der Ausdrucksfreiheit und einer freien Presse haben. Daher ist die Unterdrückung von Suchergebnissen durch globale Suchmaschinenanbieter in China gut dokumentierte und Gegenstand breiter medialer Aufrnerksamkeit. Im europäischen Kontext ist die Debatte über die Implikationen der Ausdrucksfreiheit für gesetzliche Regelungen und Politiken im Zusammenhang mit Suchmaschinen dagegen weit weniger entwickelt. Dies ist bedauerlich, denn es gibt eine Reihe von Problemen, die eine solche Debatte rechtfertigen würden. Bevor ich diese Probleme im Einzelnen behandle, erscheint es nützlich, einige Beispiele voranzustellen. In den vergangenen zwei Jahren hat der argentinische Anwalt Martin Leguizamon Gerichtsbeschlüsse erwirkt, die es über hundert Menschen ermöglichten, Suchergebnisse von Google und Yahoo entfernen zu lassen Einige der Gerichtsbeschlüsse bezogen sich auf Suchergebnisse zu öffentlichen Funktionären. Doch wenn Demokratie und Ausdrucksfreiheit irgendetwas bedeuten sollen, dann ist wohl die Möglichkeit, sich über öffentliche Funktionäre zu informieren, eine Voraussetzung dafür. Google hat deshalb seine ablehnende Haltung gegenüber den argentinischen Gesetzen öffentlich kundgetan und gegen die Gerichtsbescheide Berufung eingelegt. Interessant ist in diesem Fall, dass Google dabei auf den Schutz Bezug nimmt, den es in Europa genießt. Doch leider ist diese Bezugnahme falsch. In den meisten europäischen Ländern erhalten Suchmaschinenanbieter keinen klaren gesetzlichen Schutz gegen Forderungen, aus den Suchergebnissen entfernt zu werden, und sie kämpfen mit ähnlichen Problemen wie in Argentinien.
Theme
Suchmaschinen
Rechtsfragen
Location
EU

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