Document (#37090)

Author
Ofoghi, B.
Yearwood, J.
Ma, L.
Title
¬The impact of frame semantic annotation levels, frame-alignment techniques, and fusion methods on factoid answer processing
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 60(2009) no.2, S.247-263
Year
2009
Abstract
The impact of frame semantic enrichment of texts on the task of factoid question answering (QA) is studied in this paper. In particular, we consider different techniques for answer processing with frame semantics: the level of semantic class identification and role assignment to texts, and the fusion of frame semantic-based answer-processing approaches with other methods used in the Text REtrieval Conference (TREC). The impact of each of these aspects on the overall performance of a QA system is analyzed in this paper. The TREC 2004 and TREC 2006 factoid question sets were used for the experiments. These demonstrate that the exploitation of encapsulated frame semantics in FrameNet in a shallow semantic parsing process can enhance answer-processing performance in factoid QA systems. This improvement is dependent on the level of semantic annotation, the frame semantic alignment method, and the method of fusing frame semantic-based answer-processing models with other existing models. A more comprehensively annotated environment with all different part-of-speech target predicates provides a higher chance of correct factoid answer retrieval where semantic alignment is based on both semantic classes and a relaxed set of semantic roles for answer span identification. Our experiments on fusion techniques of frame semantic-based and entity-based answer-processing models show that merging answer lists with respect to their scores and redundancy by exploiting a fusion function leads to a more effective overall factoid QA system compared to the use of individual models.

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