Document (#37436)

Author
Call, A.
Gottlob, G.
Pieris, A.
Title
¬The return of the entity-relationship model : ontological query answering
Source
Semantic search over the Web. Eds.: R. De Virgilio, et al
Imprint
Berlin : Springer
Year
2012
Pages
S.255-281
Series
Data-centric systems and applications
Abstract
The Entity-Relationship (ER) model is a fundamental formalism for conceptual modeling in database design; it was introduced by Chen in his milestone paper, and it is now widely used, being flexible and easily understood by practitioners. With the rise of the Semantic Web, conceptual modeling formalisms have gained importance again as ontology formalisms, in the Semantic Web parlance. Ontologies and conceptual models are aimed at representing, rather than the structure of data, the domain of interest, that is, the fragment of the real world that is being represented by the data and the schema. A prominent formalism for modeling ontologies are Description Logics (DLs), which are decidable fragments of first-order logic, particularly suitable for ontological modeling and querying. In particular, DL ontologies are sets of assertions describing sets of objects and (usually binary) relations among such sets, exactly in the same fashion as the ER model. Recently, research on DLs has been focusing on the problem of answering queries under ontologies, that is, given a query q, an instance B, and an ontology X, answering q under B and amounts to compute the answers that are logically entailed from B by using the assertions of X. In this context, where data size is usually large, a central issue the data complexity of query answering, i.e., the computational complexity with respect to the data set B only, while the ontology X and the query q are fixed.
Theme
Semantic Web

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