Document (#37479)

Author
Eberhardt, J.
Title
Was ist (bibliothekarische) Sacherschließung?
Source
Bibliotheksdienst. 46(2012) H.5, S.386-401
Year
2012
Series
Themen
Abstract
Museen, Archive, Bibliotheken sind Gedächtnisinstitutionen, die das kulturelle Erbe in ihren Sammlungen bewahren. Sie begegnen derselben Aufgabe, ihr Sammlungsgut nicht nur zu erhalten, sondern auch nutzbar und zugänglich zu machen. Der erste Schritt dahin ist, das Gesammelte zu untersuchen, es zu benennen und einzuordnen und diese Erkenntnisse in einem Verzeichnis zu sammeln. Über das Verzeichnis ist dann das Magazinierte erreichbar. Je größer die Menge der verzeichneten Objekte, desto mehr kommt es darauf an, unterschiedliche Ordnungen, das heißt: unterschiedliche Zugänge für die verschiedenen Interessen anzubieten. So mag ein Verzeichnis der Objekte chronologisch nach ihrem Entstehungszeitraum geordnet sein, ein anderes geografisch, ein drittes nach Personen, die für ein Objekt von Bedeutung sind. Weil Bibliotheken im Unterschied zu Museen und Archiven in der Regel nicht mit Einzelstücken, sondern mit Exemplaren befasst sind, die außerdem - wieder: in der Regel - als textliche Objekte gute Voraussetzung für eine sprachliche Beschreibung bieten, haben sie schon recht früh eine ausgefeilte und wohlgeordnete Praxis der Verzeichnung entwickelt. Die folgenden Überlegungen gelten einem Aspekt dieser Verzeichnung, der in der bibliothekarischen Fachsprache "Sacherschließung" heißt. "Sacherschließung" ist ein wohldefinierter Begriff, der noch dazu eine Tätigkeit bezeichnet, die traditionell für eine Kernaufgabe des wissenschaftlichen Bibliothekars gehalten wird. Betrachtet man jedoch die klassische Definition genauer, dann zeigt sich, dass sie längst nicht mehr umfasst, was als zeitgemäße bibliothekarische Angebote in die Bibliothekskataloge Eingang findet, so dass Praxis und Theorie auseinanderlaufen. Daher gilt es, das Defizit des überkommenen Verständnisses zu analysieren, eine Neudefinition vorzuschlagen und sich daraus ergebende Anregungen für die bibliothekarische Praxis zu reflektieren.
Footnote
Vgl. auch: Hubrich, J., B. Lorenz: Notizen zur (bibliothekarischen) Inhaltserschließung. In: Bibliotheksdienst. 46(2012) H.10, S.838-841.
Location
D

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