Document (#37569)

Editor
Herb, U.
Title
Open initiatives : Offenheit in der digitalen Welt und Wissenschaft
Imprint
Saarbrücken : Universaar
Year
2012
Pages
220 S
Isbn
978-3-86223-061-7
Series
Saarbrücker Schriften zur Informationswissenschaft
Abstract
Initiativen, die Transparenz, offenen und möglichst einfachen Zugang zu Informationen, etwa in Wissenschaft und Verwaltung fordern und herstellen, gewinnen rasant an Bedeutung und beginnen sich immer weiter zu differenzieren. Die Forderungen reichen von freiem (im Sinne von kostenlosem) Zugang zu Informationen bis hin zu offenem Zugang analog den Prinzipien der Open Source Community. Manche Initiativen und Phänomene fokussieren stärker auf Transparenz als auf Offenheit, wie z.B. die Whistleblower-Plattform Wikileaks, während wiederum andere (z.B. Open Government oder Open Access zu Forschungsdaten) die Forderungen nach Transparenz und Offenheit kombinieren oder sich an der Bereitstellung nicht-proprietärer Informationen versuchen (wie das Geodaten-Projekt OpenStreetMap oder die Open Metrics Konzepte im Wissenschaftskontext). Zwölf Autorinnen und Autoren aus Open Data Projekten und aus den Bereichen Open Access, Open Science, Journalismus und Recht beschreiben und analysieren die besagten und andere Open Initiatives, diskutieren deren Gemeinsamkeiten und Grenzen sowie radikale Offenheitskonzepte wie WikiLeaks und Anonymous.
Content
Inhalt: Offenheit und wissenschaftliche Werke: Open Access, Open Review, Open Metrics, Open Science & Open Knowledge - Ulrich Herb Offener Zugang zu Forschungsdaten - Jens Klump Wissenschaft zum Mitmachen, Wissenschaft als Prozess: Offene Wissenschaft - Daniel Mietchen Open Access hinter verschlossenen Türen oder wie sich Open Access im und mit dem Entwicklungsdiskurs arrangiert - Jutta Haider The European sciences: How "open" are they for women? - Terje Tüür-Fröhlich Wie erwirbt der Mensch Wissen, wie wendet er es an und wie behandelt das Recht diesen Vorgang? - Eckhard Höjfner Collateral Copyright: Modularisierte Urheberrechtsfreigaben für die Wissenschaft - John Hendrik Weitzmann Open Data - Am Beispiel von Informationen des öffentlichen Sektors - Nils Barnickel, Jens Kiessmann Offene Geodäten durch OpenStreetMap - Roland Ramthun Wikileaks und das Ideal der Öffentlichkeit - Christiane Schulzki-Haddouti Open Collectivity - Carolin Wiedemann
Footnote
Online-Ausgabe unter: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-universaar-873. http://universaar.uni-saarland.de/monographien/volltexte/2012/87/pdf/Onlineversion_Open_Initiatives_Ulrich_Herb.pdf. Rez. in: Spektrum der Wissenschaft. 2012, H.11, S.109-110 (R. Kuhlen); iwp 63(2012) H.6, S. 392-393 (R. Kuhlen).
Theme
Elektronisches Publizieren
RSWK
Open Archives Initiative
Open Access
BK
06.99 (Information und Dokumentation: Sonstiges)
DDC
001 / DDC22ger
GHBS
AHP (HA)

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