Document (#37941)

Author
Gradmann, S.
Olensky, M.
Title
Semantische Kontextualisierung von Museumsbeständen in Europeana
Source
Wissen - Wissenschaft - Organisation: Proceedings der 12. Tagung der Deutschen Sektion der Internationalen Gesellschaft für Wissensorganisation Bonn, 19. bis 21. Oktober 2009. Hrsg.: H.P. Ohly
Imprint
Würzburg : Ergon Verlag
Year
2013
Pages
S.241-248
Series
Fortschritte in der Wissensorganisation; Bd.12
Abstract
Europeana ist eine Initiative der Europäischen Kommission, die 2005 den Aufbau einer "Europäischen digitalen Bibliothek" als Teil ihrer i2010 Agenda ankündigte. Europeana soll ein gemeinsamer multilingualer Zugangspunkt zu Europas digitalem Kulturerbe und gleichzeitig mehr als "nur" eine digitale Bibliothek werden: eine offene Schnittstelle (API) für Wissenschaftsanwendungen, die ein Netzwerk von Objektsurrogaren darstellt, die semantikbasiertes Objektretrieval und - verwendung ermöglichen. Einerseits ist die semantische Kontextualisierung der digitalen Objekte eine unabdingbare Voraussetzung für effektives Information Retrieval, da aufgrund der Beschaffenheit der Öbjekte (bildlich, multimedial) deskriptive Metadaten meist nicht ausreichen, auf der anderen Seite bildet sie die Grundlage für neues Wissen. Kern geisteswissenschaftlicher Arbeit ist immer schon die Reaggregation und Interpretation kultureller Artefakte gewesen und Europeana ermöglicht nun mit (teil-)automatisierbaren, semantikbasierten Öperationen über große kulturelle Quellcorpora völlig neue Perspektiven für die digital humanities. Folglich hat Europeans das Potenzial eine Schlüsselressource der Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften und damit Teil deren zukünftiger digitaler Arbeitsumgebungen zu werden.
Theme
Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval
Object
Europeana
Area
Museen

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