Document (#38404)

Author
Ohly, H.P.
Title
Sociological aspects of knowledge and knowledge organization
Source
Knowledge organization in the 21st century: between historical patterns and future prospects. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International ISKO Conference 19-22 May 2014, Kraków, Poland. Ed.: Wieslaw Babik
Imprint
Würzburg : Ergon Verlag
Year
2014
Pages
S.41-49
Series
Advances in knowledge organization; vol. 14
Abstract
Since the middle of the last century knowledge organization, the development of scientific concepts and arrangements, has been seen as a cognitivistic (or rationalistic) problem and thus as universal and logical (cf. Turing 1950). Older approaches accordingly see areas of knowledge as naturally given and organically grown. The knowledge must only be detected and logically arranged. At latest with the constructivism a 'turn' has entered, which sees knowledge organization as a social convention and accordingly regards universal standards skeptical. Simultaneously in the sciences came up a stronger concern with historical, empirical and sociological studies of its foundations and in philosophy of science the return to different kinds of relativizations has gained more importance. With the challenge of self-organizing ordering systems by social software a new crisis comes up for knowledge organization. The future might be a combination of logical descriptions, specialized evaluation, and accompanying user-driven principles. In this paper, several classical sociological positions are discussed, conclusions are drawn for knowledge and information as well as for science and for knowledge organization and objections and prospects are designated.
Content
Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/aiko_vol_14_2014_07.pdf.

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