Document (#38534)

Author
Diekema, A.R.
Olsen, M.W.
Title
Teacher Personal information management (PIM) practices : finding, keeping, and Re-Finding information
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 65(2014) no.11, S.2261-2277
Year
2014
Abstract
Primary and secondary (K-12) teachers form the essential core of children's formal learning before adulthood. Even though teaching is a mainstream, information-rich profession, teachers are understudied as information users. More specifically, not much is known about teacher personal information management (PIM). Teacher PIM is critically important, as teachers navigate a complex information space complicated by the duality of digital and physical information streams and changing demands on instruction. Our research study increases understanding of teacher PIM and informs the development of tools to support educators. Some important unknowns exist about teachers as information users: What are teachers' PIM practices? What are the perceived consequences of these practices for teaching and learning? How can PIM practices be facilitated to benefit teaching and learning? This study employed a qualitative research design, with interviews from 24 primary and secondary teachers. We observed various systems for information organization, and teachers report their systems to be effective. Important sources for teachers' information in order of importance are personal collections, close colleagues, and the Internet. Key findings reveal that inheriting and sharing information play an important part in information acquisition for teachers and that information technology supporting education creates unintentional demands on information management. The findings on the nature of teacher information, teacher information finding, keeping, and organizational practices have important implications for teachers themselves, school principals, digital library developers, school librarians, curriculum developers, educational technology developers, and educational policy makers.

Similar documents (author)

  1. Olsen, M.: Textbase for humanities applications : WordCruncher (1987) 5.73
    5.7298613 = sum of:
      5.7298613 = weight(author_txt:olsen in 3234) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.7298613 = fieldWeight in 3234, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.167778 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3234)
    
  2. Olsen, N.B.: Cataloging microcomputer software (1988) 5.73
    5.7298613 = sum of:
      5.7298613 = weight(author_txt:olsen in 3982) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.7298613 = fieldWeight in 3982, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.167778 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3982)
    
  3. Olsen, J.: Electronic journals : implications for scholars (1994) 5.73
    5.7298613 = sum of:
      5.7298613 = weight(author_txt:olsen in 1039) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.7298613 = fieldWeight in 1039, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.167778 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1039)
    
  4. Olsen, A.N.: Hyllesignaturer og ISBN for det virtuelle bibliotek (1996) 5.73
    5.7298613 = sum of:
      5.7298613 = weight(author_txt:olsen in 904) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.7298613 = fieldWeight in 904, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.167778 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=904)
    
  5. Olsen, K.A.: ¬The Internet, the Web, and eBusiness : formalizing applications for the real world (2005) 5.73
    5.7298613 = sum of:
      5.7298613 = weight(author_txt:olsen in 2150) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.7298613 = fieldWeight in 2150, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.167778 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2150)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Williams, D.; Coles, L.: Evidence-based practice in teaching : an information perspective (2007) 0.43
    0.4326218 = sum of:
      0.4326218 = product of:
        1.3519431 = sum of:
          0.013899939 = weight(abstract_txt:findings in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013899939 = score(doc=2849,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.049205955 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.261269 = idf(docFreq=1621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.2824849 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.261269 = idf(docFreq=1621, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
          0.05280193 = weight(abstract_txt:school in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05280193 = score(doc=2849,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.08826643 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3393342 = boost
                5.7072635 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.59821075 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.7072635 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
          0.0146099925 = weight(abstract_txt:management in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0146099925 = score(doc=2849,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07336397 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4954717 = boost
                4.248405 = idf(docFreq=1642, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.19914398 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.248405 = idf(docFreq=1642, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
          0.021302834 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021302834 = score(doc=2849,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09433533 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6957976 = boost
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.2258203 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
          0.0374075 = weight(abstract_txt:teaching in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0374075 = score(doc=2849,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1373057 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0458844 = boost
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.2724395 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
          0.060555708 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060555708 = score(doc=2849,freq=17.0), product of:
              0.12862818 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.573032 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.47078103 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                4.1231055 = tf(freq=17.0), with freq of:
                  17.0 = termFreq=17.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
          0.2425676 = weight(abstract_txt:teacher in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2425676 = score(doc=2849,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.47746113 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.3953648 = boost
                7.6637 = idf(docFreq=53, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.5080363 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.6637 = idf(docFreq=53, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
          0.9087976 = weight(abstract_txt:teachers in 2849) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.9087976 = score(doc=2849,freq=16.0), product of:
              0.6827796 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.3294525 = boost
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              1.3310263 = fieldWeight in 2849, product of:
                4.0 = tf(freq=16.0), with freq of:
                  16.0 = termFreq=16.0
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=2849)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  2. Best practices in teaching digital literacies (2018) 0.34
    0.3406074 = sum of:
      0.3406074 = product of:
        1.4191976 = sum of:
          0.024762373 = weight(abstract_txt:what in 1958) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024762373 = score(doc=1958,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.051440448 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0224534 = boost
                4.3569493 = idf(docFreq=1473, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.48137945 = fieldWeight in 1958, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3569493 = idf(docFreq=1473, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1958)
          0.04414999 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 1958) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04414999 = score(doc=1958,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.052443285 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0323718 = boost
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.84186167 = fieldWeight in 1958, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1958)
          0.08817031 = weight(abstract_txt:teaching in 1958) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08817031 = score(doc=1958,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1373057 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0458844 = boost
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.642146 = fieldWeight in 1958, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1958)
          0.1111076 = weight(abstract_txt:practices in 1958) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1111076 = score(doc=1958,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.18992658 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1063762 = boost
                5.294842 = idf(docFreq=576, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.5850029 = fieldWeight in 1958, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.294842 = idf(docFreq=576, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1958)
          0.49513906 = weight(abstract_txt:teacher in 1958) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.49513906 = score(doc=1958,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.47746113 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.3953648 = boost
                7.6637 = idf(docFreq=53, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              1.0370249 = fieldWeight in 1958, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.6637 = idf(docFreq=53, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1958)
          0.65586823 = weight(abstract_txt:teachers in 1958) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.65586823 = score(doc=1958,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.6827796 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.3294525 = boost
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.96058553 = fieldWeight in 1958, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1958)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Pattuelli, M.C.: Teachers' perspectives and contextual dimensions to guide the design of N.C. history learning objects and ontology (2008) 0.25
    0.24623078 = sum of:
      0.24623078 = product of:
        1.0259616 = sum of:
          0.021628989 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 4042) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021628989 = score(doc=4042,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.052443285 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0323718 = boost
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.4124263 = fieldWeight in 4042, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4042)
          0.051033292 = weight(abstract_txt:primary in 4042) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051033292 = score(doc=4042,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09294687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3743855 = boost
                5.8566265 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.54905874 = fieldWeight in 4042, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8566265 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4042)
          0.04260567 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 4042) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04260567 = score(doc=4042,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09433533 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6957976 = boost
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.4516406 = fieldWeight in 4042, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4042)
          0.094277926 = weight(abstract_txt:practices in 4042) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.094277926 = score(doc=4042,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18992658 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1063762 = boost
                5.294842 = idf(docFreq=576, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.49639142 = fieldWeight in 4042, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.294842 = idf(docFreq=576, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4042)
          0.029373832 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4042) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029373832 = score(doc=4042,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12862818 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.573032 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.22836234 = fieldWeight in 4042, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4042)
          0.7870419 = weight(abstract_txt:teachers in 4042) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.7870419 = score(doc=4042,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.6827796 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.3294525 = boost
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              1.1527027 = fieldWeight in 4042, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4042)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Rader, H.B.: Educating students for the information age : the role of the librarian (1997) 0.25
    0.24602634 = sum of:
      0.24602634 = product of:
        1.0251098 = sum of:
          0.05937086 = weight(abstract_txt:educational in 3403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05937086 = score(doc=3403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10281298 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4454902 = boost
                6.1596227 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.57746464 = fieldWeight in 3403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1596227 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3403)
          0.04260567 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 3403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04260567 = score(doc=3403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09433533 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6957976 = boost
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.4516406 = fieldWeight in 3403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3403)
          0.074815 = weight(abstract_txt:teaching in 3403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.074815 = score(doc=3403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1373057 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0458844 = boost
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.544879 = fieldWeight in 3403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3403)
          0.050876968 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050876968 = score(doc=3403,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.12862818 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.573032 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.39553517 = fieldWeight in 3403, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3403)
          0.3430424 = weight(abstract_txt:teacher in 3403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3430424 = score(doc=3403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.47746113 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.3953648 = boost
                7.6637 = idf(docFreq=53, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.7184719 = fieldWeight in 3403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.6637 = idf(docFreq=53, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3403)
          0.4543988 = weight(abstract_txt:teachers in 3403) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.4543988 = score(doc=3403,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.6827796 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.3294525 = boost
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.66551316 = fieldWeight in 3403, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3403)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Chu, K.W.S.: Inquiry project-based learning with a partnership of three types of teachers and the school librarian (2009) 0.23
    0.23075987 = sum of:
      0.23075987 = product of:
        0.8241424 = sum of:
          0.013461848 = weight(abstract_txt:technology in 775) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013461848 = score(doc=775,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.050095227 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0089958 = boost
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.26872516 = fieldWeight in 775, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=775)
          0.04452649 = weight(abstract_txt:school in 775) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04452649 = score(doc=775,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08826643 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3393342 = boost
                5.7072635 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.50445557 = fieldWeight in 775, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.7072635 = idf(docFreq=381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=775)
          0.034022193 = weight(abstract_txt:primary in 775) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034022193 = score(doc=775,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09294687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3743855 = boost
                5.8566265 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.36603916 = fieldWeight in 775, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8566265 = idf(docFreq=328, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=775)
          0.056807555 = weight(abstract_txt:learning in 775) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056807555 = score(doc=775,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.09433533 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6957976 = boost
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.60218745 = fieldWeight in 775, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.8174996 = idf(docFreq=929, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=775)
          0.049876664 = weight(abstract_txt:teaching in 775) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049876664 = score(doc=775,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1373057 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0458844 = boost
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.36325267 = fieldWeight in 775, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8120427 = idf(docFreq=343, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=775)
          0.019582555 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 775) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019582555 = score(doc=775,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12862818 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.573032 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.15224156 = fieldWeight in 775, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=775)
          0.6058651 = weight(abstract_txt:teachers in 775) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6058651 = score(doc=775,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.6827796 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.3294525 = boost
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0115472535 = queryNorm
              0.8873509 = fieldWeight in 775, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                7.0988073 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=775)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)