Document (#38727)

Author
Huang, S.-C.
Bias, R.G.
Schnyer, D.
Title
How are icons processed by the brain? : Neuroimaging measures of four types of visual stimuli used in information systems
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.4, S.702-720
Year
2015
Abstract
We sought to understand how users interpret meanings of symbols commonly used in information systems, especially how icons are processed by the brain. We investigated Chinese and English speakers' processing of 4 types of visual stimuli: icons, pictures, Chinese characters, and English words. The goal was to examine, via functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, the hypothesis that people cognitively process icons as logographic words and to provide neurological evidence related to human-computer interaction (HCI), which has been rare in traditional information system studies. According to the neuroimaging data of 19 participants, we conclude that icons are not cognitively processed as logographical words like Chinese characters, although they both stimulate the semantic system in the brain that is needed for language processing. Instead, more similar to images and pictures, icons are not as efficient as words in conveying meanings, and brains (people) make more effort to process icons than words. We use this study to demonstrate that it is practicable to test information system constructs such as elements of graphical user interfaces (GUIs) with neuroscience data and that, with such data, we can better understand individual or group differences related to system usage and user-computer interactions.
Content
Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23210/abstract.
Theme
Visualisierung

Similar documents (author)

  1. Huang, G.W.: Accessing information in an information society (1989) 4.55
    4.55054 = sum of:
      4.55054 = weight(author_txt:huang in 2566) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.55054 = fieldWeight in 2566, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.280864 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2566)
    
  2. Huang, X.: Applying a generic function-based topical relevance typology to structure clinical questions and answers (2013) 4.55
    4.55054 = sum of:
      4.55054 = weight(author_txt:huang in 2531) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.55054 = fieldWeight in 2531, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.280864 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2531)
    
  3. Huang, J. Xiangji => Xiangji Huang, J.: 3.86
    3.861261 = sum of:
      3.861261 = weight(author_txt:huang in 235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.861261 = fieldWeight in 235, product of:
          1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
            2.0 = termFreq=2.0
          7.280864 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=42740)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=235)
    
  4. Huang, M.-H.: Developing an ideal online thesaurus display format (1994) 3.64
    3.640432 = sum of:
      3.640432 = weight(author_txt:huang in 4099) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.640432 = fieldWeight in 4099, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.280864 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=4099)
    
  5. Huang, M.-h.: End-users' searching behaviour : changes in search type over time (1996) 3.64
    3.640432 = sum of:
      3.640432 = weight(author_txt:huang in 5197) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.640432 = fieldWeight in 5197, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.280864 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=5197)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Ma, Y.; Diodato, V.: Icons as visual form of knowledge representation on the World Wide Web : a semiotic analysis (1999) 0.26
    0.26177907 = sum of:
      0.26177907 = product of:
        1.3088953 = sum of:
          0.0074703936 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 675) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0074703936 = score(doc=675,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.034779523 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0684193 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.21479288 = fieldWeight in 675, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=675)
          0.046442837 = weight(abstract_txt:visual in 675) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046442837 = score(doc=675,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09333197 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2375996 = boost
                5.629804 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.49760908 = fieldWeight in 675, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.629804 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=675)
          0.008935311 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 675) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.008935311 = score(doc=675,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.042215414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3160442 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.21165991 = fieldWeight in 675, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=675)
          0.08251716 = weight(abstract_txt:meanings in 675) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08251716 = score(doc=675,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13691388 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4989552 = boost
                6.8187037 = idf(docFreq=126, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.6026939 = fieldWeight in 675, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.8187037 = idf(docFreq=126, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=675)
          1.1635296 = weight(abstract_txt:icons in 675) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.1635296 = score(doc=675,freq=11.0), product of:
              0.6873396 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.2832546 = boost
                8.166383 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              1.6928017 = fieldWeight in 675, product of:
                3.3166249 = tf(freq=11.0), with freq of:
                  11.0 = termFreq=11.0
                8.166383 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=675)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Xiaoyue M.; Cahier, J.-P.: Iconic categorization with knowledge-based "icon systems" can improve collaborative KM (2011) 0.20
    0.20004521 = sum of:
      0.20004521 = product of:
        1.000226 = sum of:
          0.006602958 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1838) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.006602958 = score(doc=1838,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.034779523 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0684193 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.18985188 = fieldWeight in 1838, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1838)
          0.007897774 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 1838) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.007897774 = score(doc=1838,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.042215414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3160442 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.18708271 = fieldWeight in 1838, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1838)
          0.017505815 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 1838) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017505815 = score(doc=1838,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06662228 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4787327 = boost
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.2627622 = fieldWeight in 1838, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1838)
          0.09117602 = weight(abstract_txt:characters in 1838) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09117602 = score(doc=1838,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15888211 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6147394 = boost
                7.3454022 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.5738596 = fieldWeight in 1838, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3454022 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1838)
          0.8770435 = weight(abstract_txt:icons in 1838) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.8770435 = score(doc=1838,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.6873396 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.2832546 = boost
                8.166383 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              1.2759973 = fieldWeight in 1838, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.166383 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1838)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Bates, M.J.: Information and knowledge : an evolutionary framework for information science (2005) 0.18
    0.18049254 = sum of:
      0.18049254 = product of:
        0.37602612 = sum of:
          0.014006988 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014006988 = score(doc=2159,freq=18.0), product of:
              0.034779523 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0684193 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.40273663 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                4.2426405 = tf(freq=18.0), with freq of:
                  18.0 = termFreq=18.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.019729549 = weight(abstract_txt:processing in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019729549 = score(doc=2159,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07215106 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0881438 = boost
                4.9499345 = idf(docFreq=822, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.2734478 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.9499345 = idf(docFreq=822, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.014096469 = weight(abstract_txt:people in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014096469 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.072652094 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0919155 = boost
                4.9670916 = idf(docFreq=808, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.194027 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9670916 = idf(docFreq=808, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.017396286 = weight(abstract_txt:understand in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017396286 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.083588324 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.171218 = boost
                5.3278365 = idf(docFreq=563, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.20811862 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.3278365 = idf(docFreq=563, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.020343494 = weight(abstract_txt:english in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020343494 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.092780836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2339401 = boost
                5.6131573 = idf(docFreq=423, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.21926396 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6131573 = idf(docFreq=423, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.015293974 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015293974 = score(doc=2159,freq=15.0), product of:
              0.042215414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3160442 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.36228412 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                3.8729835 = tf(freq=15.0), with freq of:
                  15.0 = termFreq=15.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.008752908 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.008752908 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06662228 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4787327 = boost
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.1313811 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.012472452 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012472452 = score(doc=2159,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06695903 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4824653 = boost
                3.3718455 = idf(docFreq=3987, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.1862699 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3718455 = idf(docFreq=3987, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.03646778 = weight(abstract_txt:meanings in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03646778 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13691388 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4989552 = boost
                6.8187037 = idf(docFreq=126, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.2663556 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.8187037 = idf(docFreq=126, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.0652655 = weight(abstract_txt:processed in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0652655 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23102596 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3847396 = boost
                7.232074 = idf(docFreq=83, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.2825029 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.232074 = idf(docFreq=83, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.10795619 = weight(abstract_txt:brain in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10795619 = score(doc=2159,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.25646418 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5126033 = boost
                7.619839 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.42094064 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.619839 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.044244517 = weight(abstract_txt:words in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.044244517 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21137854 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.944865 = boost
                5.358442 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.20931414 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.358442 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
        0.48 = coord(12/25)
    
  4. Pejtersen, A.M.: ¬A new approach to design of document retrieval and indexing systems for OPAC users (1993) 0.14
    0.13999526 = sum of:
      0.13999526 = product of:
        0.49998307 = sum of:
          0.0065365946 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0065365946 = score(doc=3301,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.034779523 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0684193 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.18794377 = fieldWeight in 3301, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3301)
          0.02848089 = weight(abstract_txt:english in 3301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02848089 = score(doc=3301,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.092780836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2339401 = boost
                5.6131573 = idf(docFreq=423, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.30696952 = fieldWeight in 3301, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6131573 = idf(docFreq=423, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3301)
          0.0055284416 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0055284416 = score(doc=3301,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.042215414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3160442 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.13095789 = fieldWeight in 3301, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3301)
          0.024508141 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 3301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024508141 = score(doc=3301,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.06662228 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4787327 = boost
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.36786705 = fieldWeight in 3301, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.3633559 = idf(docFreq=4021, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3301)
          0.06602145 = weight(abstract_txt:pictures in 3301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06602145 = score(doc=3301,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1625097 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6330692 = boost
                7.428784 = idf(docFreq=68, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.40626162 = fieldWeight in 3301, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.428784 = idf(docFreq=68, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3301)
          0.061942328 = weight(abstract_txt:words in 3301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.061942328 = score(doc=3301,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21137854 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.944865 = boost
                5.358442 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.2930398 = fieldWeight in 3301, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.358442 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3301)
          0.30696523 = weight(abstract_txt:icons in 3301) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30696523 = score(doc=3301,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.6873396 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.2832546 = boost
                8.166383 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.44659907 = fieldWeight in 3301, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.166383 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3301)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Arsenault, C.: Testing the impact of syllable aggregation in romanized fields of Chinese language bibliographic records (2000) 0.14
    0.13943365 = sum of:
      0.13943365 = product of:
        0.49797735 = sum of:
          0.005282366 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1088) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.005282366 = score(doc=1088,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.034779523 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0684193 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.1518815 = fieldWeight in 1088, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1088)
          0.046442837 = weight(abstract_txt:visual in 1088) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046442837 = score(doc=1088,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09333197 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2375996 = boost
                5.629804 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.49760908 = fieldWeight in 1088, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.629804 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1088)
          0.008935311 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 1088) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.008935311 = score(doc=1088,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.042215414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3160442 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.21165991 = fieldWeight in 1088, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1088)
          0.019955924 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 1088) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019955924 = score(doc=1088,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06695903 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4824653 = boost
                3.3718455 = idf(docFreq=3987, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.29803184 = fieldWeight in 1088, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3718455 = idf(docFreq=3987, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1088)
          0.07294081 = weight(abstract_txt:characters in 1088) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07294081 = score(doc=1088,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15888211 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6147394 = boost
                7.3454022 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.45908764 = fieldWeight in 1088, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3454022 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1088)
          0.18612613 = weight(abstract_txt:chinese in 1088) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18612613 = score(doc=1088,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.17754042 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0905435 = boost
                6.3398805 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              1.0483592 = fieldWeight in 1088, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                6.3398805 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1088)
          0.15829399 = weight(abstract_txt:words in 1088) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15829399 = score(doc=1088,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.21137854 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.944865 = boost
                5.358442 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01339544 = queryNorm
              0.748865 = fieldWeight in 1088, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.358442 = idf(docFreq=546, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1088)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)