Document (#39031)

Author
Fischer, M.
Title
Sacherschliessung - quo vadis? : Die Neuausrichtung der Sacherschliessung im deutschsprachigen Raum
Imprint
Zürich : Universität Zürich / Zentralbibliothek Zürich
Year
2015
Pages
50 S
Abstract
Informationen werden heute von den meisten Menschen vor allem im World Wide Web gesucht. Bibliothekskataloge und damit die in den wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken gepflegte intellektuelle Sacherschliessung konkurrieren dabei mit einfach und intuitiv zu benutzenden Suchmaschinen. Die Anforderungen an die thematische Recherche hat sich in den letzten Jahren durch die rasante Entwicklung der Informationstechnologie grundlegend verändert. Darüber hinaus sehen sich die Bibliotheken heute mit dem Problem konfrontiert, dass die zunehmende Flut an elektronischen Publikationen bei gleichzeitig abnehmenden Ressourcen intellektuell nicht mehr bewältigt werden kann. Vor diesem Hintergrund hat die Expertengruppe Sacherschliessung - eine Arbeitsgruppe innerhalb der Arbeitsstelle für Standardisierung der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek (DNB), in welcher Vertreterinnen und Vertreter der deutschsprachigen Bibliotheksverbünde repräsentiert sind - 2013 damit begonnen, sich mit der Neuausrichtung der verbalen Sacherschliessung zu befassen. Bei der aktuellen Überarbeitung der Regeln für den Schlagwortkatalog (RSWK) sollen die verbale und klassifikatorische Sacherschliessung, ebenso wie die intellektuelle und automatische Indexierung in einem Zusammenhang betrachtet werden. Neben der neuen Suchmaschinentechnologie und den automatischen Indexierungsmethoden gewinnt dabei vor allem die Vernetzung der Bibliothekskataloge mit anderen Ressourcen im World Wide Web immer mehr an Bedeutung. Ausgehend von einer Analyse der grundlegenden Prinzipien der international verbreiteten Normen und Standards (FRBR, FRSAD und RDA) beschäftige ich mich in meiner Masterarbeit mit der in der Expertengruppe Sacherschliessung geführten Debatte über die aktuelle Überarbeitung der RSWK. Dabei stellt sich insbesondere die Frage, welche Auswirkungen die rasante Entwicklung der Informationstechnologie auf die zukünftige Neuausrichtung der intellektuellen Sacherschliessung haben wird? Welche Rolle spielen in Zukunft die Suchmaschinen und Discovery Systeme, die automatischen Indexierungsverfahren und das Semantic Web bzw. Linked Open Data bei der inhaltlichen Erschliessung von bibliografischen Ressourcen?
Footnote
Masterarbeit im MAS-Studiengang in Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft, Universität Zürich / Zentralbibliothek Zürich.
Location
D
A
CH

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