Document (#39230)

Author
Burke, C.
Title
Information and intrigue : from index cards to Dewey decimals to Alger Hiss
Imprint
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press
Year
2014
Pages
370 S
Isbn
978-0-262-02702-1
Series
History and foundation of information science
Abstract
In Information and Intrigue Colin Burke tells the story of one man's plan to revolutionize the world's science information systems and how science itself became enmeshed with ideology and the institutions of modern liberalism. In the 1890s, the idealistic American Herbert Haviland Field established the Concilium Bibliographicum, a Switzerland-based science information service that sent millions of index cards to American and European scientists. Field's radical new idea was to index major ideas rather than books or documents. In his struggle to create and maintain his system, Field became entangled with nationalistic struggles over the control of science information, the new system of American philanthropy (powered by millionaires), the politics of an emerging American professional science, and in the efforts of another information visionary, Paul Otlet, to create a pre-digital worldwide database for all subjects. World War I shuttered the Concilium, and postwar efforts to revive it failed. Field himself died in the influenza epidemic of 1918. Burke carries the story into the next generation, however, describing the astonishingly varied career of Field's son, Noel, who became a diplomat, an information source for Soviet intelligence (as was his friend Alger Hiss), a secret World War II informant for Allen Dulles, and a prisoner of Stalin. Along the way, Burke touches on a range of topics, including the new entrepreneurial university, Soviet espionage in America, and further efforts to classify knowledge.
Content
Raising a perfectly modern HerbertAn unexpected library revolution, at an unexpected place, by an unusual young fellow -- The great men at Harvard and Herbert's information "calling" -- Challenging the British "Lion" of science information -- New information ideas in Zurich, not Brooklyn or Paris -- Starting an information revolution and business, the hard way -- Big debts, big gamble, big building, big friends, a special librarian -- Lydia's other adventurous boy, family responsibilities, to America with hat in hand, war -- From information to intrigue, Herbert, WWI, a young Allen Dulles -- Returning to a family in decline, meeting with the liberal establishment -- To the centers of science and political power, and a new information world -- More conflicts between old and new science -- Wistar and the Council's abstracts vs. Field's elegant classification, round 1 -- A Concilium without Herbert Field, Nina and the Rockefeller's great decisions -- A voyage home and the Council's vision for world science vs. the Concilium, round 2 -- The information consequences of "capitalism's disaster" and the shift to applied science information -- The 1930's ideological journey of the Fields and their liberal friends -- Intrigue begins, in Switzerland, England, and Cambridge -- New loves, a family of agents, science information in war, librarians stealing books?, Soviet espionage without cost -- Looking forward to more intrigue, the postwar stories of big science, big information, and more ideology.
Footnote
Rez. in: JASIST66(2015) no.10, S.2168-2170 (E. Levine)
Theme
Geschichte der Sacherschließung
LCSH
Field, Herbert Haviland / 1868 / 1921
Field, Noel Haviland / 1904 / 1970
Concilium Bibliographicum / History
Classification / Books / Science
Information storage and retrieval systems / Science
Bibliographers / Biography
Diplomats / Biography
Information science / History
Science / Political aspects / History / 20th century
Science and state / History / 20th century
RSWK
USA / Wissensorganisation / Klassifikation / Bibliografie / Geschichte 1860-1960
USA / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Bibliothekswissenschaft / Geschichte 1860-1960
Field, Noel / Field, Herbert Haviland / Biographie
Concilium Bibliographicum / Geschichte 1895-1960
Deutschland / Großbritannien / Schweden / Geheimdienst / Geschichte 1939-1945 (SWB)
BK
06.01 (Geschichte des Informations- und Dokumentationswesens)
DDC
020.9
LCC
Z1004.F54
RVK
AN 93400
MF 9500

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