Document (#39466)

Author
Lemke, M.
Title
Wie lernwirksam sind Online-Tutorials? : Lernerfolgskontrolle und Evaluation bibliothekarischer E-Learningangebote
Source
Perspektive Bibliothek. 3(2014) H.1, S.59-84
Year
2014
Abstract
Immer mehr wissenschaftliche Bibliotheken, insbesondere Hochschulbibliotheken, erweitern ihre E-Learningangebote um sogenannte Online-Tutorials. Solche interaktiven, multi-medialen Lernprogramme bieten den Nutzern die Möglichkeit, sich zeit- und ortsunabhängig selbständig grundlegende Themen der Bibliotheks- und Informationskompetenz anzueignen. In der bibliothekarischen Fachliteratur finden sich aber keine Aussagen darüber, in welchem Umfang und wie lerneffektiv diese - meist mit hohem Aufwand erstellte - Angebote tatsächlich genutzt werden. Um die Lernwirksamkeit überprüfen zu können, bedarf es Online-Tutorials, die über einen automatisierten elektronischen Test verfügen, anhand dessen Nutzer eigenständig den Erwerb der Lerninhalte kontrollieren können. Die vorliegende Arbeit versteht sich als ein Beitrag zur Konzeption evaluierbarer Online-Tutorials. Skizziert wird eine strukturierte Vorgehensweise zur Umsetzung von Tutorials, die statistisch auswertbare Daten zur Lerneffektivität generieren. Im Fokus stehen hierbei didaktische Bedingungen automatisierter Lernerfolgskontrollen und deren Umsetzung anhand sogenannter geschlossener Aufgaben. Da sich mit diesem Aufgabentypus nur bestimmte kognitive Leistungsbereiche messen lassen, ist im Vorfeld zu prüfen, dass ein Tutorial nur Lerninhalte vermittelt, deren Erwerb anschließend auch mit geschlossenen Aufgaben überprüft werden kann. Unter Rückgriff auf eine spezifische E-Learning-Taxonomie wird offensichtlich, dass mindestens Reproduktions-, Verständnis- und Anwendungsleistungen umsetzbar sind. Wie entsprechende Aufgabenstellungen in bibliothekarischen Online-Tutorials aussehen können, wird an Beispielfragen zur Überprüfung von Fakten-, Konzept- und Prozedurenwissen demonstriert.
Content
Vgl.: http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/bibliothek/article/view/14021.
Theme
Ausbildung
Informationsdienstleistungen
Field
Bibliothekswesen

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