Document (#40026)

Author
Day, R.E.
Title
Indexing it all : the subject in the age of documentation, information, and data
Imprint
Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press
Year
2014
Pages
XIV, 170 S
Isbn
978-0-262-02821-9
Series
History and foundation of information science
Abstract
In this book, Ronald Day offers a critical history of the modern tradition of documentation. Focusing on the documentary index (understood as a mode of social positioning), and drawing on the work of the French documentalist Suzanne Briet, Day explores the understanding and uses of indexicality. He examines the transition as indexes went from being explicit professional structures that mediated users and documents to being implicit infrastructural devices used in everyday information and communication acts. Doing so, he also traces three epistemic eras in the representation of individuals and groups, first in the forms of documents, then information, then data. Day investigates five cases from the modern tradition of documentation. He considers the socio-technical instrumentalism of Paul Otlet, "the father of European documentation" (contrasting it to the hermeneutic perspective of Martin Heidegger); the shift from documentation to information science and the accompanying transformation of persons and texts into users and information; social media's use of algorithms, further subsuming persons and texts; attempts to build android robots -- to embody human agency within an information system that resembles a human being; and social "big data" as a technique of neoliberal governance that employs indexing and analytics for purposes of surveillance. Finally, Day considers the status of critique and judgment at a time when people and their rights of judgment are increasingly mediated, displaced, and replaced by modern documentary techniques.
Content
Paul Otlet : friends and books for information needsRepresenting documents and persons in information systems : library and information science and citation indexing and analysis -- Social computing and the indexing of the whole -- The document as the subject : androids -- Governing expression : social big data and neoliberalism.
Footnote
Vgl. auch den Beitrag: Day, R.E.: An afterword to indexing it all: the subject in the age of documentation, information, and data. In: Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 42(2016) no.2, S.25-28. Rez. in: JASIST 67(2016) no.7, S.1784-1786 (H.A. Olson).
Theme
Geschichte der Sacherschließung
LCSH
Documentation / History
Documentation / Social aspects
Information science / Philosophy
Information science / Social aspects
Indexing / Social aspects
Subject (Philosophy)
Information technology / Social aspects
RSWK
Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Geschichte
BK
06.01 Geschichte des Informations- und Dokumentationswesens
DDC
025.3
025.04
LCC
Z1001
RVK
AN 95100

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