Document (#40098)

Author
Johnson, R.
Pinfield, S.
Fosci, M.
Title
Business process costs of implementing "gold" and "green" open access in institutional and national contexts
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 67(2016) no.9, S.2283-2295
Year
2016
Abstract
As open access (OA) publication of research outputs becomes increasingly common and is mandated by institutions and research funders, it is important to understand different aspects of the costs involved. This paper provides an early review of administrative costs incurred by universities in making research outputs OA, either via publication in journals ("Gold" OA), involving payment of article-processing charges (APCs), or via deposit in repositories ("Green" OA). Using data from 29 UK institutions, it finds that the administrative time, as well as the cost incurred by universities, to make an article OA using the Gold route is over 2.5 times higher than Green. Costs are then modeled at a national level using recent UK policy initiatives from Research Councils UK and the Higher Education Funding Councils' Research Excellence Framework as case studies. The study also demonstrates that the costs of complying with research funders' OA policies are considerably higher than where an OA publication is left entirely to authors' discretion. Key target areas for future efficiencies in the business processes are identified and potential cost savings calculated. The analysis is designed to inform ongoing policy development at the institutional and national levels.
Content
Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23545/full.

Similar documents (author)

  1. Pinfield, S.: How do physicists use an e-print archive? : implications for institutional e-print services (2001) 2.42
    2.4226367 = sum of:
      2.4226367 = product of:
        4.8452735 = sum of:
          4.8452735 = weight(author_txt:pinfield in 3227) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.8452735 = score(doc=3227,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.84467757 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2561944 = boost
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.073263355 = queryNorm
              5.7362404 = fieldWeight in 3227, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3227)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  2. Pinfield, S.: ¬The changing role of subject librarians in academic libraries (2001) 2.42
    2.4226367 = sum of:
      2.4226367 = product of:
        4.8452735 = sum of:
          4.8452735 = weight(author_txt:pinfield in 4552) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.8452735 = score(doc=4552,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.84467757 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2561944 = boost
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.073263355 = queryNorm
              5.7362404 = fieldWeight in 4552, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4552)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  3. Pinfield, S.; Salter, J.; Bath, P.A.: ¬The "total cost of publication" in a hybrid open-access environment : institutional approaches to funding journal article-processing charges in combination with subscriptions (2016) 1.45
    1.453582 = sum of:
      1.453582 = product of:
        2.907164 = sum of:
          2.907164 = weight(author_txt:pinfield in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.907164 = score(doc=5017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.84467757 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2561944 = boost
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.073263355 = queryNorm
              3.441744 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  4. Pinfield, S.; Salter, J.; Bath, P.A.: ¬A "Gold-centric" implementation of open access : hybrid journals, the "Total cost of publication," and policy development in the UK and beyond (2017) 1.45
    1.453582 = sum of:
      1.453582 = product of:
        2.907164 = sum of:
          2.907164 = weight(author_txt:pinfield in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.907164 = score(doc=5798,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.84467757 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2561944 = boost
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.073263355 = queryNorm
              3.441744 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.177984 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42740)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  5. Johnson, S.W.: Do-it-yourself CD-ROMs (1992) 1.22
    1.2221311 = sum of:
      1.2221311 = product of:
        2.4442623 = sum of:
          2.4442623 = weight(author_txt:johnson in 4285) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.4442623 = score(doc=4285,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5352754 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.306182 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=42740)
                0.073263355 = queryNorm
              4.566364 = fieldWeight in 4285, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.306182 = idf(docFreq=77, maxDocs=42740)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4285)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Pinfield, S.; Salter, J.; Bath, P.A.: ¬A "Gold-centric" implementation of open access : hybrid journals, the "Total cost of publication," and policy development in the UK and beyond (2017) 0.51
    0.5080522 = sum of:
      0.5080522 = product of:
        1.154664 = sum of:
          0.070992954 = weight(abstract_txt:charges in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.070992954 = score(doc=5798,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13320446 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.53296226 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.14855073 = weight(abstract_txt:apcs in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14855073 = score(doc=5798,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17296113 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1395015 = boost
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.85886776 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.026771449 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026771449 = score(doc=5798,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08759914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1468471 = boost
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.30561313 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.0647846 = weight(abstract_txt:institutions in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0647846 = score(doc=5798,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.1094778 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2820904 = boost
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.59176016 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.058532372 = weight(abstract_txt:policy in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058532372 = score(doc=5798,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11712224 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.326097 = boost
                5.6540775 = idf(docFreq=406, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.49975455 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.6540775 = idf(docFreq=406, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.06119791 = weight(abstract_txt:cost in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06119791 = score(doc=5798,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12065158 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3459289 = boost
                5.7386346 = idf(docFreq=373, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.50722843 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.7386346 = idf(docFreq=373, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.081192024 = weight(abstract_txt:administrative in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.081192024 = score(doc=5798,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18353865 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6600431 = boost
                7.077923 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.44237018 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.077923 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.07496425 = weight(abstract_txt:publication in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07496425 = score(doc=5798,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15811576 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8870735 = boost
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.4741099 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.055364918 = weight(abstract_txt:higher in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055364918 = score(doc=5798,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16276917 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9146408 = boost
                5.4423003 = idf(docFreq=502, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.34014377 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4423003 = idf(docFreq=502, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.24178883 = weight(abstract_txt:gold in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24178883 = score(doc=5798,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3451675 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7881503 = boost
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.70049715 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
          0.27052405 = weight(abstract_txt:costs in 5798) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.27052405 = score(doc=5798,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.3500654 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.624935 = boost
                6.1822515 = idf(docFreq=239, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.77278143 = fieldWeight in 5798, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.1822515 = idf(docFreq=239, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5798)
        0.44 = coord(11/25)
    
  2. Pinfield, S.; Salter, J.; Bath, P.A.: ¬The "total cost of publication" in a hybrid open-access environment : institutional approaches to funding journal article-processing charges in combination with subscriptions (2016) 0.46
    0.46005946 = sum of:
      0.46005946 = product of:
        1.1501486 = sum of:
          0.070992954 = weight(abstract_txt:charges in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.070992954 = score(doc=5017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13320446 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.53296226 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.527396 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.23487936 = weight(abstract_txt:apcs in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23487936 = score(doc=5017,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.17296113 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1395015 = boost
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              1.3579893 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.026771449 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026771449 = score(doc=5017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08759914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1468471 = boost
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.30561313 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.08363657 = weight(abstract_txt:institutions in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08363657 = score(doc=5017,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.1094778 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2820904 = boost
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.7639591 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.04138864 = weight(abstract_txt:policy in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04138864 = score(doc=5017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11712224 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.326097 = boost
                5.6540775 = idf(docFreq=406, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.35337985 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6540775 = idf(docFreq=406, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.06119791 = weight(abstract_txt:cost in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06119791 = score(doc=5017,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12065158 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3459289 = boost
                5.7386346 = idf(docFreq=373, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.50722843 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.7386346 = idf(docFreq=373, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.11482286 = weight(abstract_txt:administrative in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11482286 = score(doc=5017,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.18353865 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6600431 = boost
                7.077923 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.6256059 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.077923 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.07496425 = weight(abstract_txt:publication in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07496425 = score(doc=5017,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15811576 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8870735 = boost
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.4741099 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.17097054 = weight(abstract_txt:gold in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17097054 = score(doc=5017,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3451675 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7881503 = boost
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.4953263 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
          0.27052405 = weight(abstract_txt:costs in 5017) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.27052405 = score(doc=5017,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.3500654 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.624935 = boost
                6.1822515 = idf(docFreq=239, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.77278143 = fieldWeight in 5017, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.1822515 = idf(docFreq=239, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5017)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  3. Borrego, Á.: Measuring compliance with a Spanish Government open access mandate (2016) 0.24
    0.24464302 = sum of:
      0.24464302 = product of:
        0.87372506 = sum of:
          0.026771449 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 4842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026771449 = score(doc=4842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08759914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1468471 = boost
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.30561313 = fieldWeight in 4842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4842)
          0.03740341 = weight(abstract_txt:institutions in 4842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03740341 = score(doc=4842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1094778 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2820904 = boost
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.3416529 = fieldWeight in 4842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4842)
          0.08309602 = weight(abstract_txt:institutional in 4842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08309602 = score(doc=4842,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14794335 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4904017 = boost
                6.354623 = idf(docFreq=201, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.5616746 = fieldWeight in 4842, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.354623 = idf(docFreq=201, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4842)
          0.053007726 = weight(abstract_txt:publication in 4842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053007726 = score(doc=4842,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15811576 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8870735 = boost
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.33524632 = fieldWeight in 4842, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4842)
          0.039500788 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 4842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039500788 = score(doc=4842,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.11353309 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2614005 = boost
                3.2139761 = idf(docFreq=4669, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.34792313 = fieldWeight in 4842, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.2139761 = idf(docFreq=4669, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4842)
          0.24178883 = weight(abstract_txt:gold in 4842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24178883 = score(doc=4842,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3451675 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7881503 = boost
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.70049715 = fieldWeight in 4842, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4842)
          0.39215687 = weight(abstract_txt:green in 4842) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.39215687 = score(doc=4842,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.37818322 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9184506 = boost
                8.295595 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              1.0369494 = fieldWeight in 4842, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.295595 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4842)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  4. James, J.E.: Free-to-publish, free-to-read, or both? : Cost, equality of access, and integrity in science publishing (2017) 0.20
    0.20302768 = sum of:
      0.20302768 = product of:
        1.0151384 = sum of:
          0.033464313 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.033464313 = score(doc=5653,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08759914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1468471 = boost
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.38201642 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.093705304 = weight(abstract_txt:publication in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.093705304 = score(doc=5653,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15811576 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8870735 = boost
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.59263736 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.363941 = idf(docFreq=543, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.30223605 = weight(abstract_txt:gold in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30223605 = score(doc=5653,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3451675 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7881503 = boost
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.87562144 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.925221 = idf(docFreq=41, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.34662095 = weight(abstract_txt:green in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.34662095 = score(doc=5653,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.37818322 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9184506 = boost
                8.295595 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.9165424 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.295595 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
          0.23911174 = weight(abstract_txt:costs in 5653) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23911174 = score(doc=5653,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3500654 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.624935 = boost
                6.1822515 = idf(docFreq=239, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.6830487 = fieldWeight in 5653, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.1822515 = idf(docFreq=239, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5653)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Walters, W.H.: Institutional journal costs in an open access environment (2007) 0.20
    0.19878921 = sum of:
      0.19878921 = product of:
        0.6212163 = sum of:
          0.09013621 = weight(abstract_txt:savings in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09013621 = score(doc=2090,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13459682 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0052128 = boost
                8.571848 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.6696756 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.571848 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
          0.066928625 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.066928625 = score(doc=2090,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.08759914 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1468471 = boost
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.76403284 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.88981 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
          0.04675426 = weight(abstract_txt:institutions in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04675426 = score(doc=2090,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1094778 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2820904 = boost
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.42706612 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4664464 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
          0.07649739 = weight(abstract_txt:cost in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07649739 = score(doc=2090,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12065158 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3459289 = boost
                5.7386346 = idf(docFreq=373, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.6340355 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.7386346 = idf(docFreq=373, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
          0.11597221 = weight(abstract_txt:universities in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11597221 = score(doc=2090,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13909371 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4451381 = boost
                6.1616325 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.83377033 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.1616325 = idf(docFreq=244, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
          0.12721428 = weight(abstract_txt:institutional in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12721428 = score(doc=2090,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.14794335 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4904017 = boost
                6.354623 = idf(docFreq=201, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.85988516 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.354623 = idf(docFreq=201, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
          0.06920615 = weight(abstract_txt:higher in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06920615 = score(doc=2090,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16276917 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9146408 = boost
                5.4423003 = idf(docFreq=502, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.42517972 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4423003 = idf(docFreq=502, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
          0.028507238 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 2090) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028507238 = score(doc=2090,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11353309 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2614005 = boost
                3.2139761 = idf(docFreq=4669, maxDocs=42740)
                0.015620766 = queryNorm
              0.2510919 = fieldWeight in 2090, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2139761 = idf(docFreq=4669, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2090)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)