Document (#40295)

Author
Corcho, O.
Poveda-Villalón, M.
Gómez-Pérez, A.
Title
Ontology engineering in the era of linked data
Source
Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 41(2015) no.4, S.13-17
Year
2015
Abstract
Ontology engineering encompasses the method, tools and techniques used to develop ontologies. Without requiring ontologies, linked data is driving a paradigm shift, bringing benefits and drawbacks to the publishing world. Ontologies may be heavyweight, supporting deep understanding of a domain, or lightweight, suited to simple classification of concepts and more adaptable for linked data. They also vary in domain specificity, usability and reusabilty. Hybrid vocabularies drawing elements from diverse sources often suffer from internally incompatible semantics. To serve linked data purposes, ontology engineering teams require a range of skills in philosophy, computer science, web development, librarianship and domain expertise.
Footnote
Contribution to a special section "Linked data and the charm of weak semantics".
Theme
Wissensrepräsentation
Semantic Web

Similar documents (author)

  1. Gómez-Pérez, A.; Corcho, O.: Ontology languages for the Semantic Web (2015) 5.38
    5.3763103 = sum of:
      5.3763103 = sum of:
        2.6643538 = weight(author_txt:pérez in 4298) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.6643538 = score(doc=4298,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.7029206 = queryWeight, product of:
              8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
              0.08113322 = queryNorm
            3.790405 = fieldWeight in 4298, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
              0.4375 = fieldNorm(doc=4298)
        2.7119567 = weight(author_txt:gómez in 4298) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.7119567 = score(doc=4298,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.71126837 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0059204 = boost
              8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
              0.08113322 = queryNorm
            3.812846 = fieldWeight in 4298, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
              0.4375 = fieldNorm(doc=4298)
    
  2. Gómez Prada, R. Gómez => Gómez Prada, R.: 2.01
    2.0131056 = sum of:
      2.0131056 = product of:
        4.0262113 = sum of:
          4.0262113 = weight(author_txt:gómez in 717) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.0262113 = score(doc=717,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.71126837 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0059204 = boost
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.08113322 = queryNorm
              5.660608 = fieldWeight in 717, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=717)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  3. Gómez, C. Olmeda- -> Olmeda-Gómez, C.: 1.64
    1.6436939 = sum of:
      1.6436939 = product of:
        3.2873878 = sum of:
          3.2873878 = weight(author_txt:gómez in 7447) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.2873878 = score(doc=7447,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.71126837 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0059204 = boost
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.08113322 = queryNorm
              4.621867 = fieldWeight in 7447, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=7447)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  4. Pérez, M. Benavent -> Benavent-Pérez, M.: 1.61
    1.6148422 = sum of:
      1.6148422 = product of:
        3.2296844 = sum of:
          3.2296844 = weight(author_txt:pérez in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.2296844 = score(doc=1491,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.7029206 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
                0.08113322 = queryNorm
              4.5946646 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  5. Pérez, T. Saorín => Saorín Pérez, T.: 1.61
    1.6148422 = sum of:
      1.6148422 = product of:
        3.2296844 = sum of:
          3.2296844 = weight(author_txt:pérez in 390) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.2296844 = score(doc=390,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.7029206 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
                0.08113322 = queryNorm
              4.5946646 = fieldWeight in 390, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=390)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Reasoning Web : Semantic Interoperability on the Web, 13th International Summer School 2017, London, UK, July 7-11, 2017, Tutorial Lectures (2017) 0.23
    0.23492701 = sum of:
      0.23492701 = product of:
        0.9788626 = sum of:
          0.085283786 = weight(abstract_txt:hybrid in 4935) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.085283786 = score(doc=4935,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13423818 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0661563 = boost
                6.776714 = idf(docFreq=131, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.6353169 = fieldWeight in 4935, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.776714 = idf(docFreq=131, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4935)
          0.13384886 = weight(abstract_txt:encompasses in 4935) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13384886 = score(doc=4935,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18129042 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.238997 = boost
                7.875326 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.7383118 = fieldWeight in 4935, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.875326 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4935)
          0.07293957 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 4935) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07293957 = score(doc=4935,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13312311 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.123438 = boost
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.54791063 = fieldWeight in 4935, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4935)
          0.20295322 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 4935) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20295322 = score(doc=4935,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27390048 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6377878 = boost
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.7409743 = fieldWeight in 4935, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4935)
          0.28884688 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 4935) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28884688 = score(doc=4935,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.30274493 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7732043 = boost
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.9540932 = fieldWeight in 4935, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4935)
          0.19499028 = weight(abstract_txt:linked in 4935) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19499028 = score(doc=4935,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.36982283 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5392373 = boost
                5.6240344 = idf(docFreq=417, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.5272532 = fieldWeight in 4935, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6240344 = idf(docFreq=417, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4935)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Urs, S.R.; Angrosh, M.A.: Ontology-based knowledge organization systems in digital libraries : a comparison of experiments in OWL and KAON ontologies (2006 (?)) 0.18
    0.1788824 = sum of:
      0.1788824 = product of:
        0.7453434 = sum of:
          0.041050714 = weight(abstract_txt:drawing in 3979) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041050714 = score(doc=3979,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11809577 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.3562107 = idf(docFreq=200, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.3476053 = fieldWeight in 3979, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3562107 = idf(docFreq=200, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3979)
          0.024565147 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 3979) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024565147 = score(doc=3979,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13312311 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.123438 = boost
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.18452954 = fieldWeight in 3979, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3979)
          0.090668134 = weight(abstract_txt:domain in 3979) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.090668134 = score(doc=3979,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.20028895 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2556512 = boost
                4.7791314 = idf(docFreq=972, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.45268664 = fieldWeight in 3979, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.7791314 = idf(docFreq=972, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3979)
          0.18719004 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 3979) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18719004 = score(doc=3979,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.27390048 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6377878 = boost
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.6834236 = fieldWeight in 3979, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3979)
          0.25737885 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 3979) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.25737885 = score(doc=3979,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.30274493 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7732043 = boost
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.8501508 = fieldWeight in 3979, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3979)
          0.14449053 = weight(abstract_txt:engineering in 3979) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14449053 = score(doc=3979,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.31280756 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8189156 = boost
                5.9725404 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.46191508 = fieldWeight in 3979, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.9725404 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3979)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Solskinnsbakk, G.; Gulla, J.A.; Haderlein, V.; Myrseth, P.; Cerrato, O.: Quality of hierarchies in ontologies and folksonomies (2012) 0.18
    0.17744483 = sum of:
      0.17744483 = product of:
        0.88722414 = sum of:
          0.1310389 = weight(abstract_txt:lightweight in 2035) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1310389 = score(doc=2035,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23422113 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4083022 = boost
                8.951466 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.5594666 = fieldWeight in 2035, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.951466 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2035)
          0.039703272 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 2035) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039703272 = score(doc=2035,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13312311 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.123438 = boost
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.29824477 = fieldWeight in 2035, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2035)
          0.23435019 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 2035) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23435019 = score(doc=2035,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.27390048 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6377878 = boost
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.85560346 = fieldWeight in 2035, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2035)
          0.24859983 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 2035) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24859983 = score(doc=2035,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.30274493 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7732043 = boost
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.82115275 = fieldWeight in 2035, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2035)
          0.23353197 = weight(abstract_txt:engineering in 2035) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23353197 = score(doc=2035,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.31280756 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8189156 = boost
                5.9725404 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.74656755 = fieldWeight in 2035, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.9725404 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2035)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Guarino, N.: Understanding, building and using ontologies (1997) 0.16
    0.15924525 = sum of:
      0.15924525 = product of:
        0.9952829 = sum of:
          0.15543108 = weight(abstract_txt:domain in 4263) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15543108 = score(doc=4263,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.20028895 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2556512 = boost
                4.7791314 = idf(docFreq=972, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.77603424 = fieldWeight in 4263, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.7791314 = idf(docFreq=972, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4263)
          0.20295322 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 4263) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20295322 = score(doc=4263,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27390048 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6377878 = boost
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.7409743 = fieldWeight in 4263, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.588778 = idf(docFreq=432, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4263)
          0.33353165 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 4263) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33353165 = score(doc=4263,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.30274493 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7732043 = boost
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              1.101692 = fieldWeight in 4263, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4263)
          0.30336693 = weight(abstract_txt:engineering in 4263) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30336693 = score(doc=4263,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.31280756 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8189156 = boost
                5.9725404 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.96981966 = fieldWeight in 4263, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.9725404 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4263)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Baker, T.; Sutton, S.A.: Linked data and the charm of weak semantics : Introduction: the strengths of weak semantics (2015) 0.16
    0.15682104 = sum of:
      0.15682104 = product of:
        0.65342104 = sum of:
          0.05556519 = weight(abstract_txt:deep in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05556519 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13219889 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0580269 = boost
                6.725042 = idf(docFreq=138, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.42031512 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.725042 = idf(docFreq=138, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.07568848 = weight(abstract_txt:specificity in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07568848 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16244727 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1728407 = boost
                7.454823 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.46592644 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.454823 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.05614891 = weight(abstract_txt:data in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05614891 = score(doc=3023,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13312311 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.123438 = boost
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.4217818 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.3742545 = idf(docFreq=3964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.05982545 = weight(abstract_txt:domain in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05982545 = score(doc=3023,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20028895 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2556512 = boost
                4.7791314 = idf(docFreq=972, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.2986957 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7791314 = idf(docFreq=972, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.22235443 = weight(abstract_txt:ontologies in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22235443 = score(doc=3023,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.30274493 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7732043 = boost
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.7344613 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.8756905 = idf(docFreq=324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
          0.18383859 = weight(abstract_txt:linked in 3023) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18383859 = score(doc=3023,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36982283 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5392373 = boost
                5.6240344 = idf(docFreq=417, maxDocs=42596)
                0.018579587 = queryNorm
              0.4970991 = fieldWeight in 3023, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.6240344 = idf(docFreq=417, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3023)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)