Document (#40348)

Author
Fidler, B.
Acker, A.
Title
Metadata, infrastructure, and computer-mediated communication in historical perspective
Source
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68(2017) no.2, S.412-422
Year
2017
Abstract
In this paper we describe the creation and use of metadata on the early Arpanet as part of normal network function. By using the Arpanet Host-Host Protocol and its sockets as an entry point for studying the generation of metadata, we show that the development and function of key Arpanet infrastructure can be studied by examining the creation and stabilization of metadata. More specifically, we use the Host-Host Protocol's sockets as an example of something that, at the level of the network, functions as both network infrastructure and metadata simultaneously. By presenting the function of sockets in tandem with an overview of the Host-Host Protocol, we argue for the further integrated study of infrastructure and metadata. Finally, we reintroduce the concept of infradata to refer specifically to data that locate data throughout an infrastructure and are required by the infrastructure to function, separating them from established and stabilized standards. We argue for the future application of infradata as a concept for the study of histories and political economies of networks, bridging the largely library and information science (LIS) study of metadata with the largely science and technology studies (STS) domain of infrastructure.
Content
Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23660/full.
Theme
Metadaten
Object
Arpanet

Similar documents (author)

  1. Mayernik, M.S.; Acker, A.: Tracing the traces : the critical role of metadata within networked communications (2018) 4.79
    4.7917247 = sum of:
      4.7917247 = weight(author_txt:acker in 14) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.7917247 = fieldWeight in 14, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=14)
    
  2. Van Acker, W.: Rethinking the architecture of the book : unbinding the spine of Paul Otlet's positivist encyclopaedism (2018) 4.79
    4.7917247 = sum of:
      4.7917247 = weight(author_txt:acker in 378) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.7917247 = fieldWeight in 378, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=378)
    
  3. Acker, W. van: Architectural metaphors of knowledge : the Mundaneum designs of Maurice Heymans, Paul Otlet, and Le Corbusier (2012) 4.79
    4.7917247 = sum of:
      4.7917247 = weight(author_txt:acker in 1562) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.7917247 = fieldWeight in 1562, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1562)
    
  4. Acker, W. van; Uyttenhove, P.: Analogous spaces : an introduction to spatial metaphors for the organization of knowledge (2012) 4.19
    4.192759 = sum of:
      4.192759 = weight(author_txt:acker in 1564) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.192759 = fieldWeight in 1564, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.4375 = fieldNorm(doc=1564)
    
  5. Tré, G. de; Acker, W. van: Spaces of information modeling, action, and decision making (2012) 3.59
    3.5937934 = sum of:
      3.5937934 = weight(author_txt:acker in 1558) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.5937934 = fieldWeight in 1558, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=1558)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Simeoni, F.; Yakici, M.; Neely, S.; Crestani, F.: Metadata harvesting for content-based distributed information retrieval (2008) 0.13
    0.1339203 = sum of:
      0.1339203 = product of:
        0.47828677 = sum of:
          0.004262032 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3337) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.004262032 = score(doc=3337,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.028476926 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0291109 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.14966616 = fieldWeight in 3337, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3337)
          0.019321665 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 3337) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019321665 = score(doc=3337,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06814195 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2998023 = boost
                4.5368032 = idf(docFreq=1243, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.2835502 = fieldWeight in 3337, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5368032 = idf(docFreq=1243, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3337)
          0.052246906 = weight(abstract_txt:argue in 3337) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.052246906 = score(doc=3337,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13225901 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8108506 = boost
                6.320556 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.39503476 = fieldWeight in 3337, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.320556 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3337)
          0.085884415 = weight(abstract_txt:protocol in 3337) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.085884415 = score(doc=3337,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14621249 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9039794 = boost
                6.645611 = idf(docFreq=150, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.58739454 = fieldWeight in 3337, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.645611 = idf(docFreq=150, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3337)
          0.031077681 = weight(abstract_txt:network in 3337) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.031077681 = score(doc=3337,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10708148 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9955969 = boost
                4.643594 = idf(docFreq=1117, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.2902246 = fieldWeight in 3337, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.643594 = idf(docFreq=1117, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3337)
          0.12093421 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3337) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12093421 = score(doc=3337,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27888831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.91948 = boost
                4.905958 = idf(docFreq=859, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.43362954 = fieldWeight in 3337, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.905958 = idf(docFreq=859, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3337)
          0.16455987 = weight(abstract_txt:infrastructure in 3337) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16455987 = score(doc=3337,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4314762 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.119028 = boost
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.38138807 = fieldWeight in 3337, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3337)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Zepf, R.: Pour les generations présentes et futures - For the benefit of present and future generations : Die Nationalbibliotheken Kanadas am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts (2008) 0.10
    0.10239172 = sum of:
      0.10239172 = product of:
        0.63994825 = sum of:
          0.036040884 = weight(abstract_txt:creation in 4203) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036040884 = score(doc=4203,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0889833 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4853344 = boost
                5.184381 = idf(docFreq=650, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.40502977 = fieldWeight in 4203, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.184381 = idf(docFreq=650, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4203)
          0.09068802 = weight(abstract_txt:function in 4203) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09068802 = score(doc=4203,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20740607 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2069762 = boost
                5.596782 = idf(docFreq=430, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.43724862 = fieldWeight in 4203, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.596782 = idf(docFreq=430, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4203)
          0.20569985 = weight(abstract_txt:infrastructure in 4203) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20569985 = score(doc=4203,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4314762 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.119028 = boost
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.4767351 = fieldWeight in 4203, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4203)
          0.3075195 = weight(abstract_txt:host in 4203) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3075195 = score(doc=4203,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5358794 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.3134127 = boost
                7.3454022 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.5738596 = fieldWeight in 4203, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3454022 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4203)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  3. Shin, D.-H.: Next generation of information infrastructure : a comparative case study of Korea versus the United States of America (2008) 0.10
    0.102262944 = sum of:
      0.102262944 = product of:
        0.6391434 = sum of:
          0.07524855 = weight(abstract_txt:histories in 4366) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07524855 = score(doc=4366,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1021675 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1254116 = boost
                7.856228 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.73652136 = fieldWeight in 4366, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.856228 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4366)
          0.027530149 = weight(abstract_txt:study in 4366) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027530149 = score(doc=4366,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.059825107 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4916172 = boost
                3.4708736 = idf(docFreq=3611, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.46017718 = fieldWeight in 4366, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4708736 = idf(docFreq=3611, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4366)
          0.10882562 = weight(abstract_txt:function in 4366) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10882562 = score(doc=4366,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20740607 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2069762 = boost
                5.596782 = idf(docFreq=430, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.5246983 = fieldWeight in 4366, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.596782 = idf(docFreq=430, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4366)
          0.42753908 = weight(abstract_txt:infrastructure in 4366) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.42753908 = score(doc=4366,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.4314762 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.119028 = boost
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.99087524 = fieldWeight in 4366, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4366)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  4. Shoffner, M.; Greenberg, J.; Kramer-Duffield, J.; Woodbury, D.: Web 2.0 semantic systems : collaborative learning in science (2008) 0.10
    0.101732776 = sum of:
      0.101732776 = product of:
        0.36333135 = sum of:
          0.026395746 = weight(abstract_txt:mediated in 4662) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026395746 = score(doc=4662,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0806659 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.980759 = idf(docFreq=107, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.3272231 = fieldWeight in 4662, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.980759 = idf(docFreq=107, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4662)
          0.007829852 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 4662) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.007829852 = score(doc=4662,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.028476926 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0291109 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.2749543 = fieldWeight in 4662, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4662)
          0.009237857 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 4662) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009237857 = score(doc=4662,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.050472893 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1186626 = boost
                3.904557 = idf(docFreq=2340, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.1830261 = fieldWeight in 4662, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.904557 = idf(docFreq=2340, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4662)
          0.013765074 = weight(abstract_txt:study in 4662) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013765074 = score(doc=4662,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.059825107 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4916172 = boost
                3.4708736 = idf(docFreq=3611, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.23008859 = fieldWeight in 4662, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4708736 = idf(docFreq=3611, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4662)
          0.05441281 = weight(abstract_txt:function in 4662) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05441281 = score(doc=4662,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20740607 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2069762 = boost
                5.596782 = idf(docFreq=430, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.26234916 = fieldWeight in 4662, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.596782 = idf(docFreq=430, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4662)
          0.1282701 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 4662) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1282701 = score(doc=4662,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.27888831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.91948 = boost
                4.905958 = idf(docFreq=859, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.45993358 = fieldWeight in 4662, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.905958 = idf(docFreq=859, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4662)
          0.12341991 = weight(abstract_txt:infrastructure in 4662) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12341991 = score(doc=4662,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4314762 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.119028 = boost
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.28604105 = fieldWeight in 4662, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=4662)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Duval, E.; Hodgins, W.; Sutton, S.; Weibel, S.L.: Metadata principles and practicalities (2002) 0.09
    0.09043481 = sum of:
      0.09043481 = product of:
        0.45217404 = sum of:
          0.0045205676 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3209) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0045205676 = score(doc=3209,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.028476926 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0291109 = boost
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.15874493 = fieldWeight in 3209, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.3946586 = idf(docFreq=10595, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3209)
          0.04606883 = weight(abstract_txt:economies in 3209) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04606883 = score(doc=3209,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.116933465 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2039943 = boost
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.39397472 = fieldWeight in 3209, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3209)
          0.02162453 = weight(abstract_txt:creation in 3209) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02162453 = score(doc=3209,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0889833 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4853344 = boost
                5.184381 = idf(docFreq=650, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.24301785 = fieldWeight in 3209, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.184381 = idf(docFreq=650, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3209)
          0.2565402 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3209) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2565402 = score(doc=3209,freq=16.0), product of:
              0.27888831 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.91948 = boost
                4.905958 = idf(docFreq=859, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.91986716 = fieldWeight in 3209, product of:
                4.0 = tf(freq=16.0), with freq of:
                  16.0 = termFreq=16.0
                4.905958 = idf(docFreq=859, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3209)
          0.12341991 = weight(abstract_txt:infrastructure in 3209) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12341991 = score(doc=3209,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4314762 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.119028 = boost
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.011555462 = queryNorm
              0.28604105 = fieldWeight in 3209, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.102209 = idf(docFreq=259, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3209)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)