Document (#40369)

Author
Dane, F.C.
Title
¬The importance of the sources of professional obligations
Source
Philosophy, computing and information science. Eds.: R. Hagengruber u. U.V. Riss
Imprint
London : Pickering & Chatto
Year
2014
Pages
S.223-230
Series
History and philosophy of technoscience; 3
Abstract
The study of philosophy provides many general benefits to members of any field or discipline, the easiest of which to defend are an appreciation of, and experience with, critical thinking, including the ability to apply principles thoughtfully and logically in a variety of contexts; it is the discipline that, according to Plato, Socrates believed made life worth living. Today, however, most disciplines can lay claim to critical thinking - information science certainly involves a great deal of logical analysis - but only philosophy, in the Western world, can lay claim to having developed logic and critical thinking and thereby may have furthered the process more than any other discipline. Historically, philosophy is also the discipline in which one learns how to think about the most complex and important questions including questions about what is right and proper; that is, philosophy arguably lays claim to the development of ethics. Before going further, I should note that I am neither a philosopher nor an information scientist. I am a social psychologist and statistician whose interests have brought me into the realm of practical ethics primarily through ethical issues relevant to empirical research. I should also note that I am firmly in the camp of those who consider there to be an important distinction between morals and ethics; as do others, I argue that moral judgements essentially involve questions about whether or not rules, defined broadly, are followed, whereas ethical judgements essentially involve questions about whether or not a particular rule is worthwhile and, when there are incompatible rules, which rule should be granted higher priority.
Theme
Informationsethik

Similar documents (content)

  1. Van der Walt, M.S.: Normative ethics in knowledge organisation (2008) 0.32
    0.32013822 = sum of:
      0.32013822 = product of:
        1.3339093 = sum of:
          0.028767718 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 3697) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028767718 = score(doc=3697,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09465815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0872635 = boost
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.3039117 = fieldWeight in 3697, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3697)
          0.017399637 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3697) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017399637 = score(doc=3697,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.057881687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3443006 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.30060694 = fieldWeight in 3697, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3697)
          0.047199875 = weight(abstract_txt:should in 3697) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047199875 = score(doc=3697,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.119637884 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4970481 = boost
                4.463516 = idf(docFreq=1324, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.39452282 = fieldWeight in 3697, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.463516 = idf(docFreq=1324, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3697)
          0.18582465 = weight(abstract_txt:ethical in 3697) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18582465 = score(doc=3697,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.19199942 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5484805 = boost
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.9678396 = fieldWeight in 3697, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3697)
          0.060228482 = weight(abstract_txt:questions in 3697) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060228482 = score(doc=3697,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19517866 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2079384 = boost
                4.9373007 = idf(docFreq=824, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.3085813 = fieldWeight in 3697, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9373007 = idf(docFreq=824, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3697)
          0.99448884 = weight(title_txt:ethics in 3697) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.99448884 = score(doc=3697,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3142337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4262066 = boost
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              3.1648066 = fieldWeight in 3697, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.4375 = fieldNorm(doc=3697)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Cox, R.J.: Archival ethics : the truth of the matter (2008) 0.30
    0.30221897 = sum of:
      0.30221897 = product of:
        1.2592458 = sum of:
          0.050343506 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 3867) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050343506 = score(doc=3867,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09465815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0872635 = boost
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.53184545 = fieldWeight in 3867, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3867)
          0.015224682 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3867) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015224682 = score(doc=3867,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.057881687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3443006 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.26303107 = fieldWeight in 3867, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3867)
          0.058406867 = weight(abstract_txt:should in 3867) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058406867 = score(doc=3867,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.119637884 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4970481 = boost
                4.463516 = idf(docFreq=1324, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.4881971 = fieldWeight in 3867, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.463516 = idf(docFreq=1324, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3867)
          0.2056702 = weight(abstract_txt:ethical in 3867) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2056702 = score(doc=3867,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19199942 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5484805 = boost
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              1.0712022 = fieldWeight in 3867, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3867)
          0.07718146 = weight(abstract_txt:about in 3867) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07718146 = score(doc=3867,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12585516 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7729901 = boost
                3.964687 = idf(docFreq=2181, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.6132562 = fieldWeight in 3867, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.964687 = idf(docFreq=2181, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3867)
          0.852419 = weight(title_txt:ethics in 3867) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.852419 = score(doc=3867,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3142337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4262066 = boost
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              2.7126913 = fieldWeight in 3867, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=3867)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Intner, S.S.: Ethics in cataloging (1993) 0.25
    0.24861312 = sum of:
      0.24861312 = product of:
        1.553832 = sum of:
          0.10170925 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 7251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10170925 = score(doc=7251,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09465815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0872635 = boost
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              1.0744901 = fieldWeight in 7251, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=7251)
          0.021749547 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 7251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021749547 = score(doc=7251,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.057881687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3443006 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.37575868 = fieldWeight in 7251, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=7251)
          0.29381454 = weight(abstract_txt:ethical in 7251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.29381454 = score(doc=7251,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19199942 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5484805 = boost
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              1.5302887 = fieldWeight in 7251, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=7251)
          1.1365588 = weight(title_txt:ethics in 7251) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.1365588 = score(doc=7251,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3142337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4262066 = boost
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              3.616922 = fieldWeight in 7251, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=7251)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  4. Frohmann, B.: Subjectivity and information ethics (2008) 0.22
    0.2159965 = sum of:
      0.2159965 = product of:
        1.3499782 = sum of:
          0.035598233 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035598233 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09465815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0872635 = boost
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.3760715 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.015224682 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015224682 = score(doc=3361,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.057881687 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3443006 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.26303107 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.16259655 = weight(abstract_txt:ethical in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16259655 = score(doc=3361,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.19199942 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5484805 = boost
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.84685963 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          1.1365588 = weight(title_txt:ethics in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.1365588 = score(doc=3361,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3142337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4262066 = boost
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              3.616922 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Cornish, G.: ¬The ethics of information (1997) 0.21
    0.21089867 = sum of:
      0.21089867 = product of:
        1.3181167 = sum of:
          0.035959646 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 1085) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035959646 = score(doc=1085,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09465815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0872635 = boost
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.3798896 = fieldWeight in 1085, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.862587 = idf(docFreq=888, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1085)
          0.04171919 = weight(abstract_txt:should in 1085) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04171919 = score(doc=1085,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.119637884 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4970481 = boost
                4.463516 = idf(docFreq=1324, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.3487122 = fieldWeight in 1085, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.463516 = idf(docFreq=1324, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1085)
          0.103879124 = weight(abstract_txt:ethical in 1085) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.103879124 = score(doc=1085,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19199942 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5484805 = boost
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              0.54103875 = fieldWeight in 1085, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9252963 = idf(docFreq=112, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1085)
          1.1365588 = weight(title_txt:ethics in 1085) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.1365588 = score(doc=1085,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3142337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4262066 = boost
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017904237 = queryNorm
              3.616922 = fieldWeight in 1085, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.233844 = idf(docFreq=82, maxDocs=42306)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1085)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)