Document (#4070)

Author
Cole, C.
Title
Shannon revisited : information in terms of uncertainty
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 44(1993) no.4, S.204-211
Year
1993
Abstract
Shannon's theory of communication is discussed from the point of view of his concept of uncertainty. It is suggested that there are two information concepts in Shannon, two different uncertainties, and at least two different entropy concepts. Information science focuses on the uncertainty associated with the transmission of the signal rather than the uncertainty associated with the selection of a message from a set of possible messages. The author believes the latter information concept, which is from the sender's point of view, has more to say to information science about what information is than the former, which is from the receiver's point of view and is mainly concerned with 'noise' reduction
Theme
Information

Similar documents (author)

  1. Cole, P.F.: ¬The analysis of reference question records as a guide to the information requirements of scientists (1958) 4.74
    4.740048 = sum of:
      4.740048 = weight(author_txt:cole in 3866) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.740048 = fieldWeight in 3866, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.584077 = idf(docFreq=57, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3866)
    
  2. Cole, T.W.: Design and development of a library information workstation (1993) 4.74
    4.740048 = sum of:
      4.740048 = weight(author_txt:cole in 7327) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.740048 = fieldWeight in 7327, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.584077 = idf(docFreq=57, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=7327)
    
  3. Cole, C.: Operationalizing the notion of information as a subjective construct (1994) 4.74
    4.740048 = sum of:
      4.740048 = weight(author_txt:cole in 7747) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.740048 = fieldWeight in 7747, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.584077 = idf(docFreq=57, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=7747)
    
  4. Cole, T.W.: Mosaic on public-access PCs : letting the World-Wide Web into the library (1995) 4.74
    4.740048 = sum of:
      4.740048 = weight(author_txt:cole in 1906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.740048 = fieldWeight in 1906, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.584077 = idf(docFreq=57, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1906)
    
  5. Cole, J.E.: Key title and the entry of serials (1990) 4.74
    4.740048 = sum of:
      4.740048 = weight(author_txt:cole in 3593) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.740048 = fieldWeight in 3593, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.584077 = idf(docFreq=57, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3593)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Cornelius, I.: Theorizing information for information science (2002) 0.39
    0.38685676 = sum of:
      0.38685676 = product of:
        0.8059516 = sum of:
          0.036322754 = weight(abstract_txt:messages in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036322754 = score(doc=245,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13408276 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0088967 = boost
                6.9349895 = idf(docFreq=110, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.270898 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9349895 = idf(docFreq=110, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.06091513 = weight(abstract_txt:message in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06091513 = score(doc=245,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15021981 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0678834 = boost
                7.3404546 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.40550664 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.3404546 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.010636109 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010636109 = score(doc=245,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.053719178 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1060774 = boost
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.19799463 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.039792378 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039792378 = score(doc=245,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.0863077 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1447219 = boost
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.46105248 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.09779866 = weight(abstract_txt:signal in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09779866 = score(doc=245,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.17992933 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1687219 = boost
                8.033602 = idf(docFreq=36, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.5435393 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                8.033602 = idf(docFreq=36, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.10755011 = weight(abstract_txt:shannon's in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10755011 = score(doc=245,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21944094 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2906814 = boost
                8.871931 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.4901096 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.871931 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.03000855 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03000855 = score(doc=245,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11805483 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3388042 = boost
                4.60136 = idf(docFreq=1144, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.25419164 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.60136 = idf(docFreq=1144, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.021506276 = weight(abstract_txt:from in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021506276 = score(doc=245,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.087766185 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6325023 = boost
                2.805388 = idf(docFreq=6898, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.24504057 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.805388 = idf(docFreq=6898, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.055320334 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055320334 = score(doc=245,freq=34.0), product of:
              0.099556066 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.129461 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.55567014 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                5.8309517 = tf(freq=34.0), with freq of:
                  34.0 = termFreq=34.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.042010624 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042010624 = score(doc=245,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21307553 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2028637 = boost
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.19716306 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.06576682 = weight(abstract_txt:point in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06576682 = score(doc=245,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.22801079 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2787597 = boost
                5.221273 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.2884373 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.221273 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
          0.23832384 = weight(abstract_txt:shannon in 245) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23832384 = score(doc=245,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.37298274 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3796856 = boost
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.63896745 = fieldWeight in 245, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=245)
        0.48 = coord(12/25)
    
  2. Dominich, S.; Góth, J.; Kiezer, T.; Szlávik, Z.: ¬An entropy-based interpretation of retrieval status value-based retrieval, and its application to the computation of term and query discrimination value (2004) 0.31
    0.31367123 = sum of:
      0.31367123 = product of:
        0.7841781 = sum of:
          0.015643718 = weight(abstract_txt:different in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015643718 = score(doc=3238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07698481 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0811296 = boost
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.20320526 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.01847505 = weight(abstract_txt:than in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01847505 = score(doc=3238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.086013936 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1427721 = boost
                3.9276135 = idf(docFreq=2245, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.21479136 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9276135 = idf(docFreq=2245, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.10960981 = weight(abstract_txt:entropy in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10960981 = score(doc=3238,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17757891 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1610633 = boost
                7.980958 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.6172457 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.980958 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.040784698 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040784698 = score(doc=3238,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.115744375 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3256387 = boost
                4.556111 = idf(docFreq=1197, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.3523687 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.556111 = idf(docFreq=1197, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.029706948 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029706948 = score(doc=3238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11805483 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3388042 = boost
                4.60136 = idf(docFreq=1144, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.25163686 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.60136 = idf(docFreq=1144, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.041269902 = weight(abstract_txt:associated in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041269902 = score(doc=3238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14698309 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4938565 = boost
                5.1342616 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.28077993 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1342616 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.023005622 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023005622 = score(doc=3238,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.099556066 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.129461 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.23108207 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.058814872 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058814872 = score(doc=3238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21307553 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2028637 = boost
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.27602828 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.23592857 = weight(abstract_txt:shannon in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23592857 = score(doc=3238,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.37298274 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3796856 = boost
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.63254553 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
          0.21093889 = weight(abstract_txt:uncertainty in 3238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21093889 = score(doc=3238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5494896 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.084792 = boost
                7.019547 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.38388148 = fieldWeight in 3238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.019547 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3238)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  3. Brashers, D.E.; Hogan, T.P.: ¬The appraisal and management of uncertainty : implications for information-retrieval systems (2013) 0.31
    0.30851355 = sum of:
      0.30851355 = product of:
        0.96410483 = sum of:
          0.06606649 = weight(abstract_txt:reduction in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06606649 = score(doc=4709,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14604765 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0529494 = boost
                7.2378006 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.45236254 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.2378006 = idf(docFreq=81, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
          0.017878534 = weight(abstract_txt:different in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017878534 = score(doc=4709,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07698481 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0811296 = boost
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.23223458 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
          0.017017774 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017017774 = score(doc=4709,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.053719178 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1060774 = boost
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.31679142 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
          0.032959014 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032959014 = score(doc=4709,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.115744375 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3256387 = boost
                4.556111 = idf(docFreq=1197, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.28475693 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.556111 = idf(docFreq=1197, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
          0.047165602 = weight(abstract_txt:associated in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047165602 = score(doc=4709,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14698309 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4938565 = boost
                5.1342616 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.32089135 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1342616 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
          0.03394301 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03394301 = score(doc=4709,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.099556066 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.129461 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.34094363 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
          0.067217 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.067217 = score(doc=4709,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21307553 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2028637 = boost
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.3154609 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
          0.6818574 = weight(abstract_txt:uncertainty in 4709) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6818574 = score(doc=4709,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.5494896 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.084792 = boost
                7.019547 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              1.2408923 = fieldWeight in 4709, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                7.019547 = idf(docFreq=101, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4709)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Garcia Marco, F.J.; Agustin Lacruz, C.: Cognitive models in pictorial image retrieval (1998) 0.27
    0.2651703 = sum of:
      0.2651703 = product of:
        0.6026598 = sum of:
          0.066744976 = weight(abstract_txt:transmission in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.066744976 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14704587 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0565417 = boost
                7.262493 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.45390582 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.262493 = idf(docFreq=79, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.06891761 = weight(abstract_txt:message in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06891761 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15021981 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0678834 = boost
                7.3404546 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.4587784 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3404546 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.025284065 = weight(abstract_txt:different in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025284065 = score(doc=1147,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07698481 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0811296 = boost
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.32842928 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.008508887 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.008508887 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.053719178 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1060774 = boost
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.15839571 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.0212226 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0212226 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0863077 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1447219 = boost
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.24589466 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.0339508 = weight(abstract_txt:concepts in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0339508 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11805483 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3388042 = boost
                4.60136 = idf(docFreq=1144, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.287585 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.60136 = idf(docFreq=1144, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.015388638 = weight(abstract_txt:from in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015388638 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.087766185 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6325023 = boost
                2.805388 = idf(docFreq=6898, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.17533675 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.805388 = idf(docFreq=6898, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.030359548 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030359548 = score(doc=1147,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.099556066 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.129461 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.30494925 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.067217 = weight(abstract_txt:view in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.067217 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21307553 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2028637 = boost
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.3154609 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.0473742 = idf(docFreq=732, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.07440666 = weight(abstract_txt:point in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07440666 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22801079 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2787597 = boost
                5.221273 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.32632956 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.221273 = idf(docFreq=615, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
          0.19065906 = weight(abstract_txt:shannon in 1147) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19065906 = score(doc=1147,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.37298274 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3796856 = boost
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.51117396 = fieldWeight in 1147, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1147)
        0.44 = coord(11/25)
    
  5. Gil, B.; Marijuan, P.C.: ¬La informacion, abstraccion o realidad? (1996) 0.26
    0.2611973 = sum of:
      0.2611973 = product of:
        0.725548 = sum of:
          0.08614701 = weight(abstract_txt:message in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08614701 = score(doc=1694,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15021981 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0678834 = boost
                7.3404546 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.57347304 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3404546 = idf(docFreq=73, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.022348167 = weight(abstract_txt:different in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022348167 = score(doc=1694,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07698481 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0811296 = boost
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.29029322 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7157533 = idf(docFreq=2775, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.010636109 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010636109 = score(doc=1694,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.053719178 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1060774 = boost
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.19799463 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.5343313 = idf(docFreq=9046, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.19177723 = weight(abstract_txt:entropy in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19177723 = score(doc=1694,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.17757891 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1610633 = boost
                7.980958 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              1.079955 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.980958 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.041198764 = weight(abstract_txt:concept in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041198764 = score(doc=1694,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.115744375 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3256387 = boost
                4.556111 = idf(docFreq=1197, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.35594615 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.556111 = idf(docFreq=1197, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.058957003 = weight(abstract_txt:associated in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058957003 = score(doc=1694,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14698309 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4938565 = boost
                5.1342616 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.4011142 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1342616 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.019235797 = weight(abstract_txt:from in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019235797 = score(doc=1694,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.087766185 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6325023 = boost
                2.805388 = idf(docFreq=6898, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.21917093 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.805388 = idf(docFreq=6898, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.056924153 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056924153 = score(doc=1694,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.099556066 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.129461 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.57177985 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
          0.23832384 = weight(abstract_txt:shannon in 1694) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23832384 = score(doc=1694,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.37298274 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3796856 = boost
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.019163748 = queryNorm
              0.63896745 = fieldWeight in 1694, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.178783 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1694)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)