Document (#40975)

Author
Neuser, W.
Title
Wissen begreifen : zur Selbstorganisation von Erfahrung, Handlung und Begriff
Imprint
Wiesbaden : Springer VS
Year
2013
Pages
I, 347 S
Isbn
978-3-658-00756-0
Abstract
Das Internet, elektronische Medien und intelligente Wissenssysteme haben unseren Umgang mit Wissen grundlegend verändert - und mit ihm unsere traditionellen Begriffe von Wissen und Rationalität. Wolfgang Neuser, Philosophieprofessor an der TU Kaiserslautern, stellt in seiner begriffstheoretischen Untersuchung einen Wissensbegriff vor, der einen neuen Schlüssel zum Verständnis ideengeschichtlicher Epochen, kultureller Traditionen und Konflikte in traditionellen und nichttraditionellen Entwicklungsphasen einer Gesellschaft liefert: Wissen ist ein sich selbst organisierendes und stabilisierendes System, in dem der Mensch seine Mittelpunktstellung als denkendes Subjekt verloren hat: Was von den menschlichen Akteuren bleibt, ist das Individuum, das sein individuelles Wissen aus der Interaktion mit Allgemeinwissen bezieht.
Content
1. Historische Einordnung der Wissensgesellschaft 2. Dynamik des Wissens (mit einem Abschnitt zur Geschichte des Denkens als Dynamik von Wissenskonzepten) 3. Das Individuum im Wissenskosmos und der Verlust des Subjektes, schließlich noch 4. Methoden. Das Fortschreiten zur Stabilisierung des Wissens und - abgesehen von einem Leitfaden durch dieses Buch - noch das 5. Kapitel: Wissen in der Kultur und die Kultur des Wissens.
Footnote
Rez. in: iwp 64(2013) H.4, S.232-233 (W. Löw): "Der verdienstvolle Vorsatz Neusers durch begriffstheoretische Untersuchung einen Wissensbegriff zu entwickeln, der einen neuen Schlüssel zum Verständnis ideengeschichtlicher Epochen und kultureller Traditionen bietet, erreicht mich leider nicht. Ich kann auch nur soweit folgen, dass Wissen ein sich selbst organisierendes und stabilisierendes System ist. Dass aber der Mensch seine Mittelpunktstellung als denkendes Subjekt verloren hat, darf bestritten werden (auch wenn manche Alltagserfahrung dem Autor und nicht mir Recht gibt). Oder will der Autor dem alten, ironisch gemeinten Buchtitel von Weizenbaum "Die Macht der Computer und die Ohnmacht der Vernunft" (dt. Suhrkamp, 1978) doch weiter zum Durchbruch verhelfen? Immerhin sagt Neuser, was von den menschlichen Akteuren bleibe, sei das Individuum, welches sein individuelles Wissen aus der Interaktion mit Allgemeinwissen bezieht. Diesbezüglich hat Weizenbaum einmal zu mir gesagt, dass das Beste das eigene Denken ist. Vielleicht ein Rat für eine Nachauflage, den außerordentlich interdisziplinär denkenden Joseph Weizenbaum in die ansonsten beachtliche Bibliographie mit aufzunehmen. Sie wird auch ein Grund dafür sein, dass das Buch einen Platz in meinem Bücherschrank finden wird." 2017 in einer 2. Aufl. erschienen.
Theme
Information
LCSH
Knowledge management
RSWK
Wissen
BK
02.10 Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft
02.00 Wissenschaft und Kultur allgemein: Allgemeines
DDC
001 / DDC22ger
LCC
HD30.2
RVK
CC 4400

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