Document (#41062)

Author
O'Neil, C.
Title
Angriff der Algorithmen : wie sie Wahlen manipulieren, Berufschancen zerstören und unsere Gesundheit gefährden
Issue
Aus dem Englischen von Karsten Petersen.
Imprint
München : Hanser
Year
2017
Pages
336 S
Isbn
978-3-446-25668-2
Abstract
Algorithmen nehmen Einfluss auf unser Leben: Von ihnen hängt es ab, ob man etwa einen Kredit für sein Haus erhält und wie viel man für die Krankenversicherung bezahlt. Cathy O'Neil, ehemalige Hedgefonds-Managerin und heute Big-Data-Whistleblowerin, erklärt, wie Algorithmen in der Theorie objektive Entscheidungen ermöglichen, im wirklichen Leben aber mächtigen Interessen folgen. Algorithmen nehmen Einfluss auf die Politik, gefährden freie Wahlen und manipulieren über soziale Netzwerke sogar die Demokratie. Cathy O'Neils dringlicher Appell zeigt, wie sie Diskriminierung und Ungleichheit verstärken und so zu Waffen werden, die das Fundament unserer Gesellschaft erschüttern.
A former Wall Street quant sounds an alarm on the mathematical models that pervade modern life - and threaten to rip apart our social fabric. We live in the age of the algorithm. Increasingly, the decisions that affect our lives - where we go to school, whether we get a loan, how much we pay for insurance - are being made not by humans, but by mathematical models. In theory, this should lead to greater fairness: everyone is judged according to the same rules, and bias is eliminated. And yet, as Cathy O'Neil reveals in this urgent and necessary book, the opposite is true. The models being used today are opaque, unregulated, and incontestable, even when they're wrong. Most troubling, they reinforce discrimination. Tracing the arc of a person's life, O'Neil exposes the black box models that shape our future, both as individuals and as a society. These "weapons of math destruction" score teachers and students, sort CVs, grant or deny loans, evaluate workers, target voters, and monitor our health. O'Neil calls on modellers to take more responsibility for their algorithms and on policy makers to regulate their use. But in the end, it's up to us to become more savvy about the models that govern our lives. This important book empowers us to ask the tough questions, uncover the truth, and demand change.
Content
Kommentare: 'Fascinating and deeply disturbing' - Yuval Noah Harari, Guardian Books of the Year 'A manual for the 21st-century citizen... accessible, refreshingly critical, relevant and urgent' - Federica Cocco, Financial Times
Footnote
Originaltitel: Weapons of math destruction:: how Big Data increases inequality and threatens democracy. Vgl. auch den Rezensions-Beitrag: Krüger, J.: Wie der Mensch die Kontrolle über den Algorithmus behalten kann. [19.01.2018]. In: https://netzpolitik.org/2018/algorithmen-regulierung-im-kontext-aktueller-gesetzgebung/.
Field
Informatik
LCSH
Big data / Social aspects / United States
Big data / Political aspects / United States
Social indicators / Mathematical models / Moral and ethical aspects
Democracy / United States
United States / Social conditions / 21st century
RSWK
Massendaten / Kritik / Soziale Ungleichheit
BK
71.52 Kulturelle Prozesse Soziologie
54.08 (Informatik in Beziehung zu Mensch und Gesellschaft)
71.43 (Technologische Faktoren) <Soziologie>
ASB
Gcm
DDC
005.7 / dc23
SFB
Soz 943
GHBS
OGH (PB)
KAB
E 711
LCC
QA76.9.B45
SSD
GCV
RVK
SR 850
ST 530
MS 7965

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