Document (#41378)

Author
Hesse, W.
Title
Können Maschinen denken? : Eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit der harten These der KI
Source
Informatik zwischen Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft. Hrsg.: H.J. Kreowski
Imprint
Berlin : Springer
Year
1993
Pages
S.280-289
Series
Informatik-Fachberichte; vol 309
Abstract
Gegenstand dieses Vortrags ist die sogenannte harte These der Künstlichen Intelligenz, die in ihrem Kern darauf hinausläuft, Maschinen menschliche Attribute wie "Geist" und "Verstand" und Fähigkeiten wie "denken", "planen", "wahrnehmen", "verstehen", "wissen" oder "lernen" zuzusprechen. Es soll deutlich gemacht werden, daß die dabei angesprochenen Fragen weniger die Leistungsfähigkeit heutiger oder künftiger Computer betreffen als vielmehr die Art und Weise, wie Menschen über sich selbst denken. Diese findet ihren Ausdruck in den Worten, mit denen wir unsere eigenen Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten sowie die der Computer belegen. Von unserer Fähigkeit, natürliche Denkleistungen von ihren künstlichen Reproduktionen zu unterscheiden hängt nicht nur ab, wie wir in Zukunft mit manchen überzogenen Werbesprüchen umgehen, sondern auch und vor allem wie wir miteinander umgehen: ob wir uns z.B. gegenseitig als Menschen oder als Maschinen ansehen oder ob dieser Unterschied verschwindet. Die Frage der "intelligenten Computer" wird damit zu einer der Kernfragen der gesellschaftlichen Auswirkungen der Informatik.
Content
Vgl. auch: Informatik Forum. 7(1993) H.1/2, S.xx-xx.
Footnote
Vgl.: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-77449-2_16.
Field
Informatik

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