Document (#41452)

Author
Penrose, R.
Title
Schatten des Geistes : Wege zu einer neuen Physik des Bewußtseins
Issue
Aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Anita Ehlers.
Imprint
Heidelberg : Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
Year
1995
Pages
561 S
Isbn
3-86025-260-7
Abstract
Computer haben merkwürdige Eigenschaften. Sie erledigen eine Menge komplexer Aufgaben schneller, geauer und zuverlässiger als der Mensch. Mit relativ simplen Fähigkeiten, die wir intuitiv einsetzen, haben sie jedoch zu kämpfen. Und bei Verstehen, Intelligenz und Bewußtsein versagen sie völlig. Der menschliche Geist läßt sich prinzipiell rechnerisch nicht angemessen simulieren, behauptet der Autor. Dennoch sind es physikalische Prozesse im Gehirn, die das Bewußtsein ausmachen. Er fordert in der Fortsetzung der Diskussion um 'Computerdenken' eine neue, eine nicht-rechnerische 'Physik des Bewußtseins' für die Beschreibung des Geistes, die eine Art Verallgemeinerung der Quantenmechanik sein könnte. Er entwirft schließlich ein eigenens Modell für das Gehirn, in dem die heute bekannten Vorgänge nur die Schatten eines tieferen Phänomens, des Geistes sind
Footnote
Originaltitel: Shadows of the mind. Rez. in: Spektrum der Wissenschaft 1996, H.8, S.118-119 (I. Diener)
Theme
Information
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
Informatik
LCSH
Artificial intelligence
Godel's theorem
Physics / Philosophy
Quantum theory
Thought and thinking
Mental Processes
Artificial Intelligence
Brain / physiology
Models, Neurological
RSWK
Künstliche Intelligenz
Bewusstsein
Gödelscher Unvollständigkeitssatz
Messprozess
Quantenmechanik
Quantengravitation
BK
33.02 (Philosophie der Physik)
77.31 (Kognition)
ASB
Uap
DDC
006.3
SBB
Nat B 72
GHBS
UAZ (E)
UAQ (PB)
TVC (PB)
VVN (SI)
UAS (SI)
TBP (SI)
VOA (SI)
RVK
CP 2500
ST 285
ST 300
UB 6000
CC 5200
MR 6200

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