Document (#6957)

Author
Lawson, V.
Vasconcellos, M.
Title
Forty ways to skin a cat : users report on machine translation
Source
Aslib proceedings. 46(1994) no.3, S.83-87
Year
1994
Abstract
In the most extensive survey of machine translation (MT) use ever performed, explores the responeses to a questionnaire survey of 40 MT users concerning their experiences
Theme
Computerlinguistik

Similar documents (author)

  1. Lawson, V.L.: Using a computer-assisted-instruction program to replace the traditional library tour : an experimental study (1989) 5.99
    5.989656 = sum of:
      5.989656 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 6668) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.989656 = fieldWeight in 6668, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6668)
    
  2. Lawson, G.T.: Software reviews : Microsoft Cinemania (1994) 5.99
    5.989656 = sum of:
      5.989656 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 1024) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.989656 = fieldWeight in 1024, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1024)
    
  3. Lawson, M.: Automatic extraction of citations from the text of English-language patents : an example of template mining (1996) 5.99
    5.989656 = sum of:
      5.989656 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 3655) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.989656 = fieldWeight in 3655, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3655)
    
  4. Lawson, D.: You've come a long way, Dewey! (2001) 5.99
    5.989656 = sum of:
      5.989656 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 829) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.989656 = fieldWeight in 829, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=829)
    
  5. Lawson, A.E.: How do people learn? : and what does that imply about the nature of knowledge (2000) 5.99
    5.989656 = sum of:
      5.989656 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 140) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.989656 = fieldWeight in 140, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.583449 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42740)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=140)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Building lexicons for machine translation (1994/95) 0.18
    0.18283418 = sum of:
      0.18283418 = product of:
        1.4626734 = sum of:
          0.5750253 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 4139) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5750253 = score(doc=4139,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34467924 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3447769 = boost
                5.3385315 = idf(docFreq=557, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              1.6682911 = fieldWeight in 4139, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.3385315 = idf(docFreq=557, maxDocs=42740)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4139)
          0.88764817 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 4139) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.88764817 = score(doc=4139,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46038136 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8656137 = boost
                6.169829 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              1.9280715 = fieldWeight in 4139, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.169829 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42740)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4139)
        0.125 = coord(2/16)
    
  2. Hutchins, J.: ¬A new era in machine translation research (1995) 0.17
    0.1650148 = sum of:
      0.1650148 = product of:
        0.6600592 = sum of:
          0.029354565 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029354565 = score(doc=3915,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.094864614 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2407855 = boost
                3.960786 = idf(docFreq=2212, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.3094364 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.960786 = idf(docFreq=2212, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
          0.043124206 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043124206 = score(doc=3915,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15445828 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2390573 = boost
                3.5737147 = idf(docFreq=3258, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.27919647 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5737147 = idf(docFreq=3258, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
          0.14375633 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14375633 = score(doc=3915,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34467924 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3447769 = boost
                5.3385315 = idf(docFreq=557, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.41707277 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.3385315 = idf(docFreq=557, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
          0.44382408 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44382408 = score(doc=3915,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.46038136 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8656137 = boost
                6.169829 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.96403575 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.169829 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
        0.25 = coord(4/16)
    
  3. Yu, L.; Hong, Q.; Gu, S.; Wang, Y.: ¬An epistemological critique of gap theory based library assessment : the case of SERVQUAL (2008) 0.17
    0.1650126 = sum of:
      0.1650126 = product of:
        0.4400336 = sum of:
          0.015212428 = weight(abstract_txt:their in 4213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015212428 = score(doc=4213,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.061618455 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1921601 = idf(docFreq=4772, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.24688104 = fieldWeight in 4213, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1921601 = idf(docFreq=4772, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4213)
          0.03624409 = weight(abstract_txt:ways in 4213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03624409 = score(doc=4213,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13848835 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4991711 = boost
                4.7855945 = idf(docFreq=969, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.2617122 = fieldWeight in 4213, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7855945 = idf(docFreq=969, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4213)
          0.06740959 = weight(abstract_txt:experiences in 4213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06740959 = score(doc=4213,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20944479 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8436538 = boost
                5.885238 = idf(docFreq=322, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.32184896 = fieldWeight in 4213, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.885238 = idf(docFreq=322, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4213)
          0.1132791 = weight(abstract_txt:questionnaire in 4213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1132791 = score(doc=4213,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23496959 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.952767 = boost
                6.233545 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.4821011 = fieldWeight in 4213, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.233545 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4213)
          0.042690784 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 4213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042690784 = score(doc=4213,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15445828 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2390573 = boost
                3.5737147 = idf(docFreq=3258, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.27639037 = fieldWeight in 4213, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5737147 = idf(docFreq=3258, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4213)
          0.16519761 = weight(abstract_txt:survey in 4213) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16519761 = score(doc=4213,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.30216742 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1317234 = boost
                4.9984813 = idf(docFreq=783, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.5467089 = fieldWeight in 4213, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.9984813 = idf(docFreq=783, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4213)
        0.375 = coord(6/16)
    
  4. Lombardo, S.V.; Condic, K.S.: Empowering users with a new online catalog (2000) 0.16
    0.16399167 = sum of:
      0.16399167 = product of:
        0.43731114 = sum of:
          0.015366873 = weight(abstract_txt:their in 895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015366873 = score(doc=895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061618455 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1921601 = idf(docFreq=4772, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.2493875 = fieldWeight in 895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1921601 = idf(docFreq=4772, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=895)
          0.029354565 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029354565 = score(doc=895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.094864614 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2407855 = boost
                3.960786 = idf(docFreq=2212, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.3094364 = fieldWeight in 895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.960786 = idf(docFreq=2212, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=895)
          0.051777273 = weight(abstract_txt:ways in 895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051777273 = score(doc=895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13848835 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4991711 = boost
                4.7855945 = idf(docFreq=969, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.37387457 = fieldWeight in 895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7855945 = idf(docFreq=969, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=895)
          0.16182728 = weight(abstract_txt:questionnaire in 895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16182728 = score(doc=895,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23496959 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.952767 = boost
                6.233545 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.6887159 = fieldWeight in 895, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.233545 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=895)
          0.060986836 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060986836 = score(doc=895,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15445828 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2390573 = boost
                3.5737147 = idf(docFreq=3258, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.3948434 = fieldWeight in 895, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5737147 = idf(docFreq=3258, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=895)
          0.117998295 = weight(abstract_txt:survey in 895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.117998295 = score(doc=895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.30216742 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1317234 = boost
                4.9984813 = idf(docFreq=783, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.39050636 = fieldWeight in 895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9984813 = idf(docFreq=783, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=895)
        0.375 = coord(6/16)
    
  5. Unwin, L.; Stephens, K.; Bolton, N.: ¬The role of the library in distance learning (1998) 0.15
    0.15463248 = sum of:
      0.15463248 = product of:
        0.49482393 = sum of:
          0.021513622 = weight(abstract_txt:their in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021513622 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.061618455 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1921601 = idf(docFreq=4772, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.34914252 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1921601 = idf(docFreq=4772, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.07248818 = weight(abstract_txt:ways in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07248818 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13848835 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4991711 = boost
                4.7855945 = idf(docFreq=969, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.5234244 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7855945 = idf(docFreq=969, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.10580208 = weight(abstract_txt:report in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10580208 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17819598 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7005662 = boost
                5.4284797 = idf(docFreq=509, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.59374 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4284797 = idf(docFreq=509, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.13481918 = weight(abstract_txt:experiences in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13481918 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20944479 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8436538 = boost
                5.885238 = idf(docFreq=322, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.6436979 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.885238 = idf(docFreq=322, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.16020085 = weight(abstract_txt:questionnaire in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16020085 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23496959 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.952767 = boost
                6.233545 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42740)
                0.01930306 = queryNorm
              0.681794 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.233545 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
        0.3125 = coord(5/16)