Document (#6957)

Author
Lawson, V.
Vasconcellos, M.
Title
Forty ways to skin a cat : users report on machine translation
Source
Aslib proceedings. 46(1994) no.3, S.83-87
Year
1994
Abstract
In the most extensive survey of machine translation (MT) use ever performed, explores the responeses to a questionnaire survey of 40 MT users concerning their experiences
Theme
Computerlinguistik

Similar documents (author)

  1. Lawson, V.L.: Using a computer-assisted-instruction program to replace the traditional library tour : an experimental study (1989) 5.99
    5.9875464 = sum of:
      5.9875464 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 6668) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.9875464 = fieldWeight in 6668, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.580074 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6668)
    
  2. Lawson, G.T.: Software reviews : Microsoft Cinemania (1994) 5.99
    5.9875464 = sum of:
      5.9875464 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 1024) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.9875464 = fieldWeight in 1024, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.580074 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1024)
    
  3. Lawson, M.: Automatic extraction of citations from the text of English-language patents : an example of template mining (1996) 5.99
    5.9875464 = sum of:
      5.9875464 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 3655) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.9875464 = fieldWeight in 3655, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.580074 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3655)
    
  4. Lawson, D.: You've come a long way, Dewey! (2001) 5.99
    5.9875464 = sum of:
      5.9875464 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 6914) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.9875464 = fieldWeight in 6914, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.580074 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6914)
    
  5. Lawson, A.E.: How do people learn? : and what does that imply about the nature of knowledge (2000) 5.99
    5.9875464 = sum of:
      5.9875464 = weight(author_txt:lawson in 140) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.9875464 = fieldWeight in 140, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.580074 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=140)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Building lexicons for machine translation (1994/95) 0.18
    0.18300478 = sum of:
      0.18300478 = product of:
        1.4640383 = sum of:
          0.57618415 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 4139) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.57618415 = score(doc=4139,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34512696 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3467467 = boost
                5.342351 = idf(docFreq=553, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              1.6694846 = fieldWeight in 4139, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.342351 = idf(docFreq=553, maxDocs=42596)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4139)
          0.8878541 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 4139) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.8878541 = score(doc=4139,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46043226 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8655941 = boost
                6.170578 = idf(docFreq=241, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              1.9283056 = fieldWeight in 4139, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.170578 = idf(docFreq=241, maxDocs=42596)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4139)
        0.125 = coord(2/16)
    
  2. Hutchins, J.: ¬A new era in machine translation research (1995) 0.17
    0.16513073 = sum of:
      0.16513073 = product of:
        0.66052294 = sum of:
          0.029386451 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029386451 = score(doc=3915,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.094929114 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2411324 = boost
                3.9623942 = idf(docFreq=2201, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.30956206 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9623942 = idf(docFreq=2201, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
          0.04316336 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04316336 = score(doc=3915,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15454495 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.23955 = boost
                3.5749533 = idf(docFreq=3243, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.27929324 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5749533 = idf(docFreq=3243, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
          0.14404604 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14404604 = score(doc=3915,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34512696 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3467467 = boost
                5.342351 = idf(docFreq=553, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.41737115 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.342351 = idf(docFreq=553, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
          0.44392705 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 3915) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44392705 = score(doc=3915,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.46043226 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.8655941 = boost
                6.170578 = idf(docFreq=241, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.9641528 = fieldWeight in 3915, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.170578 = idf(docFreq=241, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3915)
        0.25 = coord(4/16)
    
  3. Yu, L.; Hong, Q.; Gu, S.; Wang, Y.: ¬An epistemological critique of gap theory based library assessment : the case of SERVQUAL (2008) 0.17
    0.16501172 = sum of:
      0.16501172 = product of:
        0.44003126 = sum of:
          0.015216188 = weight(abstract_txt:their in 3392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015216188 = score(doc=3392,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06162589 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1925638 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.24691226 = fieldWeight in 3392, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1925638 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3392)
          0.036280043 = weight(abstract_txt:ways in 3392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036280043 = score(doc=3392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13857381 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4995432 = boost
                4.7873874 = idf(docFreq=964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.26181024 = fieldWeight in 3392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7873874 = idf(docFreq=964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3392)
          0.067391254 = weight(abstract_txt:experiences in 3392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.067391254 = score(doc=3392,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20939757 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8433348 = boost
                5.884964 = idf(docFreq=321, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.32183397 = fieldWeight in 3392, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.884964 = idf(docFreq=321, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3392)
          0.11331977 = weight(abstract_txt:questionnaire in 3392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11331977 = score(doc=3392,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23501547 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9528399 = boost
                6.2345657 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.48218006 = fieldWeight in 3392, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.2345657 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3392)
          0.042729545 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 3392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042729545 = score(doc=3392,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15454495 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.23955 = boost
                3.5749533 = idf(docFreq=3243, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.2764862 = fieldWeight in 3392, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5749533 = idf(docFreq=3243, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3392)
          0.16509447 = weight(abstract_txt:survey in 3392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16509447 = score(doc=3392,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.3020283 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1308136 = boost
                4.997661 = idf(docFreq=781, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.5466192 = fieldWeight in 3392, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.997661 = idf(docFreq=781, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3392)
        0.375 = coord(6/16)
    
  4. Lombardo, S.V.; Condic, K.S.: Empowering users with a new online catalog (2000) 0.16
    0.16403922 = sum of:
      0.16403922 = product of:
        0.43743795 = sum of:
          0.015370671 = weight(abstract_txt:their in 5895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015370671 = score(doc=5895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06162589 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1925638 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.24941905 = fieldWeight in 5895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1925638 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5895)
          0.029386451 = weight(abstract_txt:most in 5895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029386451 = score(doc=5895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.094929114 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2411324 = boost
                3.9623942 = idf(docFreq=2201, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.30956206 = fieldWeight in 5895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9623942 = idf(docFreq=2201, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5895)
          0.051828634 = weight(abstract_txt:ways in 5895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051828634 = score(doc=5895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13857381 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4995432 = boost
                4.7873874 = idf(docFreq=964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.37401465 = fieldWeight in 5895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7873874 = idf(docFreq=964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5895)
          0.1618854 = weight(abstract_txt:questionnaire in 5895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1618854 = score(doc=5895,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23501547 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9528399 = boost
                6.2345657 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.6888287 = fieldWeight in 5895, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.2345657 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5895)
          0.06104221 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 5895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06104221 = score(doc=5895,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15454495 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.23955 = boost
                3.5749533 = idf(docFreq=3243, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.39498028 = fieldWeight in 5895, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5749533 = idf(docFreq=3243, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5895)
          0.117924616 = weight(abstract_txt:survey in 5895) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.117924616 = score(doc=5895,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3020283 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1308136 = boost
                4.997661 = idf(docFreq=781, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.39044228 = fieldWeight in 5895, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.997661 = idf(docFreq=781, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=5895)
        0.375 = coord(6/16)
    
  5. Unwin, L.; Stephens, K.; Bolton, N.: ¬The role of the library in distance learning (1998) 0.15
    0.15466887 = sum of:
      0.15466887 = product of:
        0.4949404 = sum of:
          0.021518938 = weight(abstract_txt:their in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021518938 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06162589 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1925638 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.34918666 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1925638 = idf(docFreq=4754, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.07256009 = weight(abstract_txt:ways in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07256009 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13857381 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4995432 = boost
                4.7873874 = idf(docFreq=964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.5236205 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7873874 = idf(docFreq=964, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.10582051 = weight(abstract_txt:report in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10582051 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17820883 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7005249 = boost
                5.429034 = idf(docFreq=507, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.5938006 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.429034 = idf(docFreq=507, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.13478251 = weight(abstract_txt:experiences in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13478251 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20939757 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8433348 = boost
                5.884964 = idf(docFreq=321, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.64366794 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.884964 = idf(docFreq=321, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
          0.16025837 = weight(abstract_txt:questionnaire in 2733) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16025837 = score(doc=2733,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23501547 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9528399 = boost
                6.2345657 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019302947 = queryNorm
              0.6819056 = fieldWeight in 2733, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2345657 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2733)
        0.3125 = coord(5/16)