Document (#8792)

Author
Wittek, B.R.
Title
Schöne neue Abfragewelt : Datenbank-Zugangssysteme auf der Basis natürlicher Sprache
Source
Cogito. 10(1994) H.6, S.39-43
Year
1994
Abstract
Kann die deutsche Sprache als Datenbankabfragesprache eingesetzt werden? Seit Jahrzehnten wurde diese Frage verneint, weil klare Kriterien für die Formalisierung natürlicher Sprache und Werkzeuge für eine kostengünstige Durchführung fehlten. Allerdings darf diese Frage wieder gestellt werden, seitdem Techniken für deren Formalisierung zunehmend zur Verfügung stehen. Dieser Artikel beschreibt, was auf dem Gebiet der natürlichen Sprache als Basis für die Datenbankabfrage heute schon möglich ist
Theme
Computerlinguistik

Similar documents (content)

  1. Essler, W.K.; Martinez Cruzado, R.F.; Labude, J.: Grundzüge der Logik : Bd.1: Das logische Schließen (2001) 0.19
    0.18802315 = sum of:
      0.18802315 = product of:
        0.94011575 = sum of:
          0.032862164 = weight(abstract_txt:werden in 560) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032862164 = score(doc=560,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.066714324 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1566466 = boost
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.49258032 = fieldWeight in 560, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=560)
          0.19208378 = weight(abstract_txt:natürlichen in 560) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19208378 = score(doc=560,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.17181937 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.312539 = boost
                7.999329 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              1.1179402 = fieldWeight in 560, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                7.999329 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=560)
          0.19927655 = weight(abstract_txt:natürlicher in 560) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19927655 = score(doc=560,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3793579 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7581363 = boost
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.5252996 = fieldWeight in 560, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=560)
          0.307942 = weight(abstract_txt:formalisierung in 560) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.307942 = score(doc=560,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.50705796 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.1887462 = boost
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.60731125 = fieldWeight in 560, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.71698 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=560)
          0.20795125 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 560) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20795125 = score(doc=560,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.39028874 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9563906 = boost
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.53281385 = fieldWeight in 560, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=560)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Bredack, J.: Terminologieextraktion von Mehrwortgruppen in kunsthistorischen Fachtexten (2013) 0.13
    0.12609753 = sum of:
      0.12609753 = product of:
        0.45034832 = sum of:
          0.023743736 = weight(abstract_txt:allerdings in 3055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023743736 = score(doc=3055,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09973502 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.094546 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.2380682 = fieldWeight in 3055, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.094546 = idf(docFreq=261, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3055)
          0.051282942 = weight(abstract_txt:kriterien in 3055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051282942 = score(doc=3055,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13226764 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1516035 = boost
                7.0185 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.387721 = fieldWeight in 3055, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.0185 = idf(docFreq=103, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3055)
          0.02597982 = weight(abstract_txt:werden in 3055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02597982 = score(doc=3055,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.066714324 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1566466 = boost
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.38941893 = fieldWeight in 3055, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3055)
          0.034912128 = weight(abstract_txt:diese in 3055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034912128 = score(doc=3055,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.10235818 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4326906 = boost
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.34107807 = fieldWeight in 3055, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3055)
          0.030702347 = weight(abstract_txt:basis in 3055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030702347 = score(doc=3055,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11837574 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5407157 = boost
                4.694981 = idf(docFreq=1061, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.2593635 = fieldWeight in 3055, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.694981 = idf(docFreq=1061, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3055)
          0.12454785 = weight(abstract_txt:natürlicher in 3055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12454785 = score(doc=3055,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3793579 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7581363 = boost
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.32831225 = fieldWeight in 3055, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3055)
          0.15917952 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 3055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15917952 = score(doc=3055,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.39028874 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9563906 = boost
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.40785068 = fieldWeight in 3055, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3055)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Helbig, H.: Wissensverarbeitung und die Semantik der natürlichen Sprache : Wissensrepräsentation mit MultiNet (2008) 0.12
    0.11973069 = sum of:
      0.11973069 = product of:
        0.49887788 = sum of:
          0.0444306 = weight(abstract_txt:eingesetzt in 4732) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0444306 = score(doc=4732,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11071074 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0535885 = boost
                6.4211435 = idf(docFreq=188, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.40132147 = fieldWeight in 4732, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4211435 = idf(docFreq=188, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4732)
          0.054742362 = weight(abstract_txt:gebiet in 4732) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.054742362 = score(doc=4732,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12723815 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1294963 = boost
                6.883767 = idf(docFreq=118, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.43023545 = fieldWeight in 4732, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.883767 = idf(docFreq=118, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4732)
          0.025454924 = weight(abstract_txt:werden in 4732) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025454924 = score(doc=4732,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.066714324 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1566466 = boost
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.3815511 = fieldWeight in 4732, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4732)
          0.027929705 = weight(abstract_txt:diese in 4732) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027929705 = score(doc=4732,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10235818 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4326906 = boost
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.27286246 = fieldWeight in 4732, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4732)
          0.19927655 = weight(abstract_txt:natürlicher in 4732) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19927655 = score(doc=4732,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3793579 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7581363 = boost
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.5252996 = fieldWeight in 4732, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4732)
          0.14704375 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 4732) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14704375 = score(doc=4732,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.39028874 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9563906 = boost
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.3767563 = fieldWeight in 4732, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4732)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Ulrich, P.S.: Multilinguale kollaborative Auskunftsdienste mit QuestionPoint (2005) 0.12
    0.119353734 = sum of:
      0.119353734 = product of:
        0.5967687 = sum of:
          0.058770854 = weight(abstract_txt:zunehmend in 307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058770854 = score(doc=307,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.101808056 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0103393 = boost
                6.157559 = idf(docFreq=245, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.57727116 = fieldWeight in 307, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.157559 = idf(docFreq=245, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=307)
          0.022044608 = weight(abstract_txt:werden in 307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022044608 = score(doc=307,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.066714324 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1566466 = boost
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.33043292 = fieldWeight in 307, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=307)
          0.04189456 = weight(abstract_txt:diese in 307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04189456 = score(doc=307,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10235818 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4326906 = boost
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.4092937 = fieldWeight in 307, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=307)
          0.16213179 = weight(abstract_txt:frage in 307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16213179 = score(doc=307,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.15894356 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7853059 = boost
                5.4403143 = idf(docFreq=503, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              1.0200589 = fieldWeight in 307, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.4403143 = idf(docFreq=503, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=307)
          0.31192687 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 307) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.31192687 = score(doc=307,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.39028874 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9563906 = boost
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.7992208 = fieldWeight in 307, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=307)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Thiel, M.: Bedingt wahrscheinliche Syntaxbäume (2006) 0.12
    0.11822524 = sum of:
      0.11822524 = product of:
        0.5911262 = sum of:
          0.024646623 = weight(abstract_txt:werden in 1070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024646623 = score(doc=1070,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.066714324 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1566466 = boost
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.36943525 = fieldWeight in 1070, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.524618 = idf(docFreq=3422, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=1070)
          0.02094728 = weight(abstract_txt:diese in 1070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02094728 = score(doc=1070,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10235818 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4326906 = boost
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.20464686 = fieldWeight in 1070, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3657994 = idf(docFreq=1475, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=1070)
          0.026051806 = weight(abstract_txt:basis in 1070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026051806 = score(doc=1070,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11837574 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5407157 = boost
                4.694981 = idf(docFreq=1061, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.22007725 = fieldWeight in 1070, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.694981 = idf(docFreq=1061, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=1070)
          0.29891485 = weight(abstract_txt:natürlicher in 1070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.29891485 = score(doc=1070,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.3793579 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7581363 = boost
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.78794944 = fieldWeight in 1070, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.404794 = idf(docFreq=25, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=1070)
          0.22056562 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 1070) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22056562 = score(doc=1070,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.39028874 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.9563906 = boost
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.016364636 = queryNorm
              0.56513447 = fieldWeight in 1070, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.028101 = idf(docFreq=279, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=1070)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)