Document (#9798)

Author
McIntosh, N.
Title
Structured abstracts and information transfer
Imprint
London : British Library Research and Development Department
Year
1994
Pages
37 S
Series
BLRD report; 6142
Abstract
Reports results of a study, conducted by the European Society of Paediatric Research (ESPR), to determine whether the information content of structured medical abstracts is greater than abstracts with traditional format and whether the efficacy of peer review is improved by the use of structured medical abstracts. The sample studied comprised the abstracts of papers submitted for the ESPR annual meeting and each abstract was assessed by a research worker by a research worker for information content by referring to a list of criteria. The words in each abstract were counted to obtain the information density of each and the abstracts were evaluated according to whether they were in an unstructured format, a semistructured format, or a more fully structured format. Although there was no significant difference in the scientific score of the scientific information density of the different formats there was significantly more information in the fully structured format. When the abstracts were resubmitted in structured format, there was always a highly significant increase in the information content
Theme
Referieren

Similar documents (content)

  1. Hartley, J.; Sydes, M.; Blurton, A.: Obtaining information accurately and quickly : are structured abstracts more efficient? (1996) 0.40
    0.39757568 = sum of:
      0.39757568 = product of:
        1.4199132 = sum of:
          0.03983273 = weight(abstract_txt:there in 156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03983273 = score(doc=156,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10892304 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7682247 = boost
                4.1373787 = idf(docFreq=1820, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.36569607 = fieldWeight in 156, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1373787 = idf(docFreq=1820, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=156)
          0.04021714 = weight(abstract_txt:each in 156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04021714 = score(doc=156,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1096227 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7738947 = boost
                4.1506457 = idf(docFreq=1796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.3668687 = fieldWeight in 156, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1506457 = idf(docFreq=1796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=156)
          0.046007358 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046007358 = score(doc=156,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15107337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0824354 = boost
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.30453652 = fieldWeight in 156, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=156)
          0.060565136 = weight(abstract_txt:were in 156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060565136 = score(doc=156,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.11679952 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1143043 = boost
                3.7103646 = idf(docFreq=2790, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.51853925 = fieldWeight in 156, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.7103646 = idf(docFreq=2790, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=156)
          0.21020481 = weight(abstract_txt:format in 156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21020481 = score(doc=156,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.33015773 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.353648 = boost
                5.0934396 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.63667995 = fieldWeight in 156, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.0934396 = idf(docFreq=699, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=156)
          0.34338415 = weight(abstract_txt:structured in 156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.34338415 = score(doc=156,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.38001484 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.670817 = boost
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.90360725 = fieldWeight in 156, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=156)
          0.6797018 = weight(abstract_txt:abstracts in 156) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6797018 = score(doc=156,freq=12.0), product of:
              0.5269635 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9409547 = boost
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.2898462 = fieldWeight in 156, product of:
                3.4641016 = tf(freq=12.0), with freq of:
                  12.0 = termFreq=12.0
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=156)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Cross, C.; Oppenheim, C.: ¬A genre analysis of scientific abstracts (2006) 0.37
    0.3692717 = sum of:
      0.3692717 = product of:
        1.0257547 = sum of:
          0.05786437 = weight(abstract_txt:referring in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05786437 = score(doc=604,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13341297 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1298375 = boost
                7.930948 = idf(docFreq=40, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.43372372 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.930948 = idf(docFreq=40, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.042039964 = weight(abstract_txt:scientific in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042039964 = score(doc=604,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.09418934 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3425573 = boost
                4.712072 = idf(docFreq=1024, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.44633463 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.712072 = idf(docFreq=1024, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.031224925 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.031224925 = score(doc=604,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.06667033 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3833876 = boost
                3.2369182 = idf(docFreq=4480, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.46834815 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                3.2369182 = idf(docFreq=4480, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.034853637 = weight(abstract_txt:there in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034853637 = score(doc=604,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10892304 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7682247 = boost
                4.1373787 = idf(docFreq=1820, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.31998408 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1373787 = idf(docFreq=1820, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.112832524 = weight(abstract_txt:abstract in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.112832524 = score(doc=604,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.16527359 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7784173 = boost
                6.2418423 = idf(docFreq=221, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.68270147 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.2418423 = idf(docFreq=221, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.040256437 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040256437 = score(doc=604,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15107337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0824354 = boost
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.26646945 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.023699855 = weight(abstract_txt:were in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023699855 = score(doc=604,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11679952 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1143043 = boost
                3.7103646 = idf(docFreq=2790, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.20291056 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7103646 = idf(docFreq=2790, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.11356364 = weight(abstract_txt:structured in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11356364 = score(doc=604,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.38001484 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.670817 = boost
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.29884002 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
          0.5694193 = weight(abstract_txt:abstracts in 604) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5694193 = score(doc=604,freq=11.0), product of:
              0.5269635 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9409547 = boost
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.080567 = fieldWeight in 604, product of:
                3.3166249 = tf(freq=11.0), with freq of:
                  11.0 = termFreq=11.0
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=604)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  3. Hartley, J.; Betts, L.: ¬The effects of spacing and titles on judgments of the effectiveness of structured abstracts (2007) 0.35
    0.3525632 = sum of:
      0.3525632 = product of:
        1.10176 = sum of:
          0.020441512 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020441512 = score(doc=3326,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.06667033 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3833876 = boost
                3.2369182 = idf(docFreq=4480, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.30660585 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.2369182 = idf(docFreq=4480, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
          0.035189997 = weight(abstract_txt:each in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035189997 = score(doc=3326,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1096227 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7738947 = boost
                4.1506457 = idf(docFreq=1796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.3210101 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.1506457 = idf(docFreq=1796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
          0.056416262 = weight(abstract_txt:abstract in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056416262 = score(doc=3326,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16527359 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7784173 = boost
                6.2418423 = idf(docFreq=221, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.34135073 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2418423 = idf(docFreq=221, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
          0.036790147 = weight(abstract_txt:content in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036790147 = score(doc=3326,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11292117 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8003845 = boost
                4.212628 = idf(docFreq=1688, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.32580382 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.212628 = idf(docFreq=1688, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
          0.041049354 = weight(abstract_txt:were in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041049354 = score(doc=3326,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.11679952 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1143043 = boost
                3.7103646 = idf(docFreq=2790, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.3514514 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.7103646 = idf(docFreq=2790, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
          0.016672537 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016672537 = score(doc=3326,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08836516 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4328005 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.18867771 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
          0.30046114 = weight(abstract_txt:structured in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30046114 = score(doc=3326,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.38001484 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.670817 = boost
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.7906563 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
          0.5947391 = weight(abstract_txt:abstracts in 3326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5947391 = score(doc=3326,freq=12.0), product of:
              0.5269635 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9409547 = boost
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.1286154 = fieldWeight in 3326, product of:
                3.4641016 = tf(freq=12.0), with freq of:
                  12.0 = termFreq=12.0
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3326)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Hartley, J.: Is it appropriate to use structured abstracts in social science journals? (1997) 0.29
    0.29407334 = sum of:
      0.29407334 = product of:
        1.4703667 = sum of:
          0.023603825 = weight(abstract_txt:research in 4163) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023603825 = score(doc=4163,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06667033 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3833876 = boost
                3.2369182 = idf(docFreq=4480, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.35403794 = fieldWeight in 4163, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2369182 = idf(docFreq=4480, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4163)
          0.09057306 = weight(abstract_txt:medical in 4163) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09057306 = score(doc=4163,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14275126 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6528062 = boost
                5.8009753 = idf(docFreq=344, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.63448167 = fieldWeight in 4163, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8009753 = idf(docFreq=344, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4163)
          0.080512874 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 4163) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.080512874 = score(doc=4163,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15107337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0824354 = boost
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.5329389 = fieldWeight in 4163, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4163)
          0.50787205 = weight(abstract_txt:structured in 4163) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.50787205 = score(doc=4163,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.38001484 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.670817 = boost
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.3364532 = fieldWeight in 4163, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4163)
          0.76780486 = weight(abstract_txt:abstracts in 4163) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.76780486 = score(doc=4163,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.5269635 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9409547 = boost
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.4570363 = fieldWeight in 4163, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4163)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Hartley, J.: Is it appropriate to use structured abstracts in non-medical science journals? (1998) 0.24
    0.2420907 = sum of:
      0.2420907 = product of:
        1.5130669 = sum of:
          0.15687713 = weight(abstract_txt:medical in 4413) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15687713 = score(doc=4413,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.14275126 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6528062 = boost
                5.8009753 = idf(docFreq=344, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.0989544 = fieldWeight in 4413, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.8009753 = idf(docFreq=344, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4413)
          0.080512874 = weight(abstract_txt:whether in 4413) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.080512874 = score(doc=4413,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15107337 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0824354 = boost
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              0.5329389 = fieldWeight in 4413, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8725843 = idf(docFreq=872, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4413)
          0.50787205 = weight(abstract_txt:structured in 4413) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.50787205 = score(doc=4413,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.38001484 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.670817 = boost
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.3364532 = fieldWeight in 4413, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.4645033 = idf(docFreq=482, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4413)
          0.76780486 = weight(abstract_txt:abstracts in 4413) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.76780486 = score(doc=4413,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.5269635 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.9409547 = boost
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.014888708 = queryNorm
              1.4570363 = fieldWeight in 4413, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.9575443 = idf(docFreq=294, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4413)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)