Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 16. Dezember 2019)
1Lee, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Bawden, D.: Modeling the relationship between scientific and bibliographic classification for music.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 70(2019) no.3, S.230-241.
Abstract: Scientific classification is an important topic in contemporary knowledge organization discourse, yet the nature of the relationships between scientific and bibliographic classifications has not been fully studied. This article considers the connections between scientific and bibliographic classifications for music, taking general discourse about scientific classification and domain analysis as its starting point. Three relationship characteristics are posited: similarity, causation, and time. In discussions about similarity, "accords" and "discords" are analyzed. Further, the idea of a scale of accord is introduced, and issues with assuming a univocal scientific or bibliographic classification of music are discussed. Causation and the idea of influence between scientific and bibliographic classifications for music are unpicked. The connections between accordance and influence are explored, and the concept of differing purposes for different classification approaches is analyzed. A temporal dimension is considered, and the dynamic nature of connections between music scientific and bibliographic classifications is established. The idea of bifurcation is introduced-a change of accordance over time-which is prominent for musical instrument classification. The concluding model visualizes similarity, causation and temporal aspects as three dimensions, showing how scientific and bibliographic classifications for music are connected through a set of interconnected and complex relationships.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24120.
2Bawden, D.: Supporting truth and promoting understanding : knowledge Organization and the curation of the infosphere.Keynote Address.
In: Challenges and opportunities for knowledge organization in the digital age: proceedings of the Fifteenth International ISKO Conference, 9-11 July 2018, Porto, Portugal / organized by: International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO Spain and Portugal Chapter, University of Porto - Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Research Centre in Communication, Information and Digital Culture (CIC.digital) - Porto. Eds.: F. Ribeiro u. M.E. Cerveira. Baden-Baden : Ergon Verlag, 2018. S.17-28.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.16)
3Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: Curating the infosphere : Luciano Floridi's philosophy of information as the foundation for library and information science.
In: Journal of documentation. 74(2018) no.1, S.2-17.
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the proposal that Luciano Floridi's philosphy of information (PI) may be an appropriate conceptual foundation for the discipline of library and information science (LIS). Design/methodology/approach A selective literature review and analysis are carried out. Findings It is concluded that LIS is in need of a new conceptual framework, and that PI is appropriate for this purpose. Originality/value Floridi proposed a close relationship between PI and LIS more than a decade ago. Although various authors have addressed the aspects of this relationship since then, this is the first proposal from an LIS perspective that PI be adopted as a basis for LIS.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JD-07-2017-0096.
Wissenschaftsfach: Bibliothekswesen ; Informationswissenschaft
4Lee, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Bawden, D.: Global knowledge organization, "super-facets" and music : universal music classification in the digital age.
In: Challenges and opportunities for knowledge organization in the digital age: proceedings of the Fifteenth International ISKO Conference, 9-11 July 2018, Porto, Portugal / organized by: International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO), ISKO Spain and Portugal Chapter, University of Porto - Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Research Centre in Communication, Information and Digital Culture (CIC.digital) - Porto. Eds.: F. Ribeiro u. M.E. Cerveira. Baden-Baden : Ergon Verlag, 2018. S.248-255.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.16)
5Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L. ; Siddiqui, T.: "Potentialities or possibilities" : towards quantum information science?.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.3, S.437-449.
(Advances in information science)
Abstract: The use of quantum concepts and formalisms in the information sciences is assessed through an analysis of published literature. Five categories are identified: use of loose analogies and metaphors between concepts in quantum physics and library/information science; use of quantum concepts and formalisms in information retrieval; use of quantum concepts and formalisms in studying meaning and concepts; quantum social science, in areas adjacent to information science; and the qualitative application of quantum concepts in the information disciplines. Quantum issues have led to demonstrable progress in information retrieval and semantic modelling, with less clear-cut progress elsewhere. Whether there may be a future "quantum turn" in the information sciences is debated, the implications of such a turn are considered, and a research agenda outlined.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23192/abstract.
6Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: ¬"A few exciting words" : information and entropy revisited.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.10, S.1965-1987.
(Advances in information science)
Abstract: A review is presented of the relation between information and entropy, focusing on two main issues: the similarity of the formal definitions of physical entropy, according to statistical mechanics, and of information, according to information theory; and the possible subjectivity of entropy considered as missing information. The paper updates the 1983 analysis of Shaw and Davis. The difference in the interpretations of information given respectively by Shannon and by Wiener, significant for the information sciences, receives particular consideration. Analysis of a range of material, from literary theory to thermodynamics, is used to draw out the issues. Emphasis is placed on recourse to the original sources, and on direct quotation, to attempt to overcome some of the misunderstandings and oversimplifications that have occurred with these topics. Although it is strongly related to entropy, information is neither identical with it, nor its opposite. Information is related to order and pattern, but also to disorder and randomness. The relations between information and the "interesting complexity," which embodies both patterns and randomness, are worthy of attention.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23459/abstract.
7Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: "Waiting for Carnot" : Information and complexity.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.11, S.2177-2186.
(Advances in information science)
Abstract: The relationship between information and complexity is analyzed using a detailed literature analysis. Complexity is a multifaceted concept, with no single agreed definition. There are numerous approaches to defining and measuring complexity and organization, all involving the idea of information. Conceptions of complexity, order, organization, and "interesting order" are inextricably intertwined with those of information. Shannon's formalism captures information's unpredictable creative contributions to organized complexity; a full understanding of information's relation to structure and order is still lacking. Conceptual investigations of this topic should enrich the theoretical basis of the information science discipline, and create fruitful links with other disciplines that study the concepts of information and complexity.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23535/abstract.
8Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: Information and the gaining of understanding.
In: Journal of information science. 41(2015) no.x, S.1-6.
Abstract: It is suggested that, in addition to data, information and knowledge, the information sciences should focus on understanding, understood as a higher-order knowledge, with coherent and explanatory potential. The limited ways in which understanding has been addressed in the design of information systems, in studies of information behaviour, in formulations of information literacy and in impact studies are briefly reviewed, and future prospects considered. The paper is an extended version of a keynote presentation given at the i3 conference in June 2015.
Inhalt: Beitrag in einem Special Issue - i3 Conference - Aberdeen - June 2015. Vgl.: http://jis.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/12/14/0165551515621691.
9Robinson, L. ; Priego, E. ; Bawden, D.: Library and information science and digital humanities : two disciplines, joint future?.
In: Re:inventing information science in the networked society: Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Information Science, Zadar/Croatia, 19th-21st May 2015. Eds.: F. Pehar, C. Schloegl u. C. Wolff. Glückstadt : vwh-Verlag, 2015. S.44-54.
(Schriften zur Informationswissenschaft; Bd.66)
Wissenschaftsfach: Bibliothekswesen ; Informationswissenschaft ; Geisteswissenschaften
10Robinson, L. ; Bawden, D.: Mind the gap : transitions between concepts of information in varied domains.
In: Theories of information, communication and knowledge : a multidisciplinary approach. Eds.: F. Ibekwe-SanJuan u. T.M. Dousa. Dordrecht : Springer, 2014. S.xxx-xxx.
(Studies in history and philosophy of science ; 34)
11Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: No such thing as society? : On the individuality of information behavior.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 64(2013) no.12, S.2587-2590.
Abstract: This opinion piece considers the relative importance of individual and social factors in determining information behavior. It concludes that individual factors are more central and fundamental, although they may certainly be qualified by social and cultural factors and even though there are good reasons for studying and analyzing information behavior in terms of social groups. More studies of interesting emergent factors and behaviors in social settings would be valuable.
12Bawden, D. ; Robinson, L.: ¬An introduction to information science.
London : Facet Publ., 2012. XXX, 351 S.
Abstract: Landmark textbook taking a whole subject approach to information science as a discipline. The authors' expert narratives guides you through each of the essential components of information science, offering a concise introduction an expertly chosen readings and resources. This is the definitve science textbook for students of this subject, and of information and knowledge management, librarianship, archives and records management worldwide.
Inhalt: Parallelausg.: Chicago, IL: Neal Schuman Pub 2012. ISBN 978-1-55570-861-0
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 64(2013) no.5, S.1081-1083 (E. Aversa)
Themenfeld: Grundlagen u. Einführungen: Allgemeine Literatur
LCSH: Information science
RSWK: Bibliothekswissenschaft / Informations- und Dokumentationswissenschaft / Einführung
BK: 06.35 (Informationsmanagement)
GHBS: TZU (HA) ; BAHH (FH K)
13Bawden, D.: Encountering on the road to serendip? : Browsing in new information environments.
In: Innovations in information retrieval: perspectives for theory and practice. Eds.: A. Foster, u. P. Rafferty. London : Facet Publ., 2011. S.1-22.
Abstract: This chapter considers the continuing relevance of the ideas of browsing, serendipity, information encountering and literature discovery in the context of the information retrieval (IR) environment of 2010, though its scope extends to the ideas in the broader contexts of information seeking and information-related behaviour. It is based around a selective review of the literature since 1990 and reflection and speculation on the results. The central focus is on questions of how the concept of browsing, serendipity and related ideas have changed in the new IR environment of the web and whether, indeed, they are still meaningfull concepts.
14Hall, J.L. ; Bawden, D.: Online retrieval history : how it all began.
In: Journal of documentation. 67(2011) no.1, S.182-193.
Abstract: Purpose - This paper aims to discuss the history of online searching through the views of one of its pioneers. Design/methodology/approach - The paper presents, and comments on, the recollections of Jim Hall, one of the earliest UK-based operators of, and writers on, online retrieval systems. Findings - The paper gives an account of the development of online searching in the UK during the 1960s and 1970s. Originality/value - The paper presents the perspective of one of the pioneers of online searching.
Themenfeld: Geschichte der Sacherschließung
15Bawden, D.: Smoother pebbles and the shoulders of giants : the developing foundations of information science.
In: Information science in transition, Ed.: A. Gilchrist. London : Facet Publ., 2009. S.23-43.
Abstract: Some developments in the information science discipline over a period of 30 years are discussed, by selecting topics covered in the early issues of Journal of Information Science, and tracing their influence on subsequent developments, largely though by no means exclusively through JIS papers. Five main themes are covered: the information discipline per se; the foundations of that discipline; the nature of information; relations between discipline and profession; and education for information science. The continuing resonance of the writings of Farradane and Brookes is noted.
17Bawden, D.: Interdisciplinarity and classification : a response to Hjoerland.
In: Journal of documentation. 64(2008) no.4, S.xxx.
(Letter to the Editor)
Anmerkung: Bezugnahme auf: Hjoerland, R.: Core classification theory: a reply to Szostak. In: Journal of documentation. 64(2008) no.3, S.333-342.
18Haider, J. ; Bawden, D.: Conceptions of "information poverty" in LIS : a discourse analysis.
In: Journal of documentation. 63(2007) no.4, S.534-557.
Abstract: Purpose - To provide an analysis of the notion of "information poverty" in library and information science (LIS) by investigating concepts, interests and strategies leading to its construction and thus to examine its role as a constitutive element of the professional discourse. Design/methodology/approach - Starting from a Foucauldian notion of discourse, "information poverty" is examined as a statement in its relation to other statements in order to highlight assumptions and factors contributing to its construction. The analysis is based on repeated and close reading of 35 English language articles published in LIS journals between 1995 and 2005. Findings - Four especially productive discursive procedures are identified: economic determinism, technological determinism and the "information society", historicising the "information poor", and the library profession's moral obligation and responsibility. Research limitations/implications - The material selection is linguistically and geographically biased. Most of the included articles originate in English-speaking countries. Therefore, results and findings are fully applicable only in an English language context. Originality/value - The focus on overlapping and at times conflicting discursive procedures, i.e. the results of alliances and connections between statements, highlights how the "information poor" emerge as a category in LIS as the product of institutionally contingent, professional discourse. By challenging often unquestioned underlying assumptions, this article is intended to contribute to a critical examination of LIS discourse, as well as to the analysis of the discourses of information, which dominate contemporary society. It is furthermore seen to add to the development of discourse analytical approaches in LIS research.
Wissenschaftsfach: Bibliothekswesen ; Informationswissenschaft
19Bawden, D.: Information as self-organized complexity : a unifying viewpoint.
In: Information research. 12(2007) no.4, S.
Abstract: Introduction. This short paper proposes that a unified concept of information as a form of self-organized complexity may be equally applicable to the physical, biological and human/social domains. This is seen as the evolutionary emergence of organized complexity in the physical universe, meaning in context in the biological domain, and understanding through knowledge in the human domain. Method.This study is based on analysis of literature from a wide range of disciplines. Conclusions.This perspective allows for the possibility that not only may the library/information sciences be able to draw insights from the natural sciences, but that library and information science research and scholarship may in turn contribute insights to these disciplines, normally thought of as more 'fundamental'.
Inhalt: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science-"Featuring the Future". - Vgl.: http://informationr.net/ir/12-4/colis/colis31.html.
20Bawden, D.: Organised complexity, meaning and understanding : an approach to a unified view of information for information science.
In: Aslib proceedings. 59(2007) no.4/5, S.307-327.
Abstract: Purpose - The paper seeks to outline an approach to a unified framework for understanding the concept of "information" in the physical, biological and human domains, and to see what links and interactions may be found between them. It also aims to re-examine the information science discipline, with a view to locating it in a larger context, so as to reflect on the possibility that information science may not only draw from these other disciplines, but that its insights may contribute to them. Design/methodology/approach - The paper takes the form of an extensive literature review and analysis, loosely based on the approaches of Stonier, Madden and Bates, and including analysis of both scientific and library/information literature. Findings - The paper identifies the concept of information as being identified with organised complexity in the physical domain, with meaning in context in the biological domain, and with Kvanvig's concept of understanding in the human domain. The linking thread is laws of emergent self-organised complexity, applicable in all domains. Argues that a unified perspective for the information sciences, based on Popperian ontology, may be derived, with the possibility of not merely drawing insights from physical and biological science, but also of contributing to them. Based on Hirst's educational philosophy, derives a definition for the information sciences around two poles: information science and library/information management.