Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 03. März 2020)
1Mehra, B. ; Bishop, A.P. ; Bazzell, I. ; Smith, C.: Scenarios in the Afya project as a participatory action research (PAR) tool for studying information seeking and use across the 'digital divide'.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology. 53(2002) no.14, S.1259-1266.
Abstract: This article explores the role of scenarios (or use-oriented design representations) in the Afya project as a participatory action research (PAR) tool for studying information seeking and use across the "digital divide." With the aim of improving access to health information and services for Black women, the Afya project has involved forging community-level partnerships with SisterNet, a local grassroots group of Black women devoted to improving their physical, emotional, intellectual, and spiritual health. In the context of community health care, scenarios in the Afya project as a socially grounded planning and design methodology have taken the form of personal narratives of Black women that capture their social experiences and typical problematic health situations. Scenarios of Black women point towards the need to foster social justice by nurturing equitable and participative social activities around technological development and use associated with health information services. Scenarios also suggest specific action-oriented strategies for empowering Black women to build social and digital technologies that we hope will make the provision of health care in our community more just.
2Bishop, A.P. ; Shoemaker, S. ; Tidline, T.J. ; Saleta, P.: Information exchange networks in low-income neighborhoods : implications for community networking.
In: Knowledge: creation, organization and use. Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, 31.10.-4.11.1999. Ed.: L. Woods. Medford, NJ : Information Today, 1999. S.443-449.
(Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science; vol.36)
Abstract: The research reported here was conducted throughout 1998 under the auspices of the Community Networking Initiative (CNI), which seeks to increase participation of low-income, primarily African American, residents in a local community computer network. CNI project aims include analysis of information needs and exchange at the local level, delivery of computers and training to teens and adults, provision of technical assistance to community-based organizations, and redesign of Prairienet, the local community computer network, to make it a better tool for bridging the digital divide between low- and higher-income users. To analyze community information needs and exchange patterns--along with computing practices--data were gathered via in-depth household interviews, focus groups, written questionnaires, and a follow-up telephone interview that surveyed adult trainees about their use of equipment six months after they had completed their CNI training and received a computer for their household. In this paper, we focus on reporting and discussing results related to information exchange practices. We found that word-of-mouth exchanges with people in one's close social circle and contacts with community organizations appear to be the most important mechanisms for accessing and exchanging information about community activities and resources. Informal social networks also figured prominently in the exchange of information and support related to the CNI project itself. Based on our study results, the CNI project is seeking ways to introduce training and support programs that capitalize on existing social networks and are contextualized to community information needs and interests
3Bishop, A.P. ; Starr, S.L.: Social informatics of digital library use and infrastructure.
In: Annual review of information science and technology. 31(1996), S.301-401.
Abstract: Introduces a new community of research and practice: social informatics of digital libraries (electronic libraries) and defines it as the study of social influences, processes, practices and effects related to how knowledge is structured and communicated in electronic libraries
4Newby, G.B. ; Bishop, A.P.: Community system users and uses.
In: Global complexity: information, chaos and control. Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, ASIS'96, Baltimore, Maryland, 21-24 Oct 1996. Ed.: S. Hardin. Medford, NJ : Learned Information, 1996. S.118-126.
Abstract: Prairienet is a free-net affiliated with the National Public Telecomputing Network, that has been in operation since Nov 93 in the USA. Examines the extent to which Prairienet is serving as a community resource for networked communication and information access through an anylsis of usage patterns and logs
5Bishop, A.P.: Scholarly journals on the net : a reader's assessment.
In: Library trends. 43(1995) no.4, S.544-570.
Abstract: Assesses scholarly network periodicals from the reader's point of view. Reviews 7 subscription periodicals that are published primarily on the Internet with particular reference to: the nature of their contents, format, and policies. The review forms the basis of an assessment of the ease of use and usefulness of current network periodicals. While network periodicals present a number of problems, they have also begun to include features which offer readers an advantage over printed periodicals. Concludes with a brief discussion of requirements for future scholarly network periodicals
6Doty, P. ; Bishop, A.P.: ¬The National Information Infrastructure and electronic publishing : a reflective essay.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 45(1994) no.10, S.785-799.
Abstract: The US government has been active in the establishment of national and other levels of networking to connect various kinds of persons and groups throughout the country. Briefly examines the history and present state of federal initiatives in electronic networking (particularly the National Information Infrastructure (NII)) and the NREN. Looks at current trends and issues for electronic publishing that come from this federal activity; and identifies topics of fundamental interest to, and with major implications for, national policy that arise from electronic publishing. Explores electronic publishing in the context of federal networking initiatives and considers the implications of the growth of electronic publishing for national policy
Themenfeld: Internet ; Elektronisches Publizieren
Objekt: NREN ; NII
7Bishop, A.P.: ¬A pilot study of the Blacksburg Electronic village.
In: Navigating the networks: Proceedings of the 1994 Mid-year Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, Portland, Oregon, May 21-25, 1994. Ed.: D.L. Andersen et al. Oxford : Learned Information, 1994. S.18-42.
Abstract: Describes a pilot study performed in the summer of 1993 to help develop instruments appropriate for a full-scale assessment of the Blacksburg Electronic Village. The Blacksburg Electronic Village is a joint effort of Virginia Polytechnic and State University, C&P Bell, and the town of Blacksburg, VA. It represents an attempt to 'wire the community' with high speed network connections in order to attract and provide new kinds of electronic information and communication services to town residents
Themenfeld: Internet ; Informationsdienstleistungen
8Pinelli, T.E. ; Bishop, A.P. ; Barclay, R.O. ; Kennedy, J.M.: ¬The information-seeking behavior of engineers.
In: Encyclopedia of library and information science. Vol.52, [=Suppl.15]. New York : Dekker, 1993. S.167-201.
10Bishop, A.P. ; Liddy, E.D. ; Settel, B.: Index quality study : pt.1: quantitative description of back-of-the-book indexes.
In: Indexing tradition and innovation: proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the American Society of Indexers. Port Aransas, TX : American Society of Indexers, 1991. S.15-51.
11Liddy, E.D. ; Bishop, A.P. ; Settel, B.: Index quality study : pt.2: publishers' survey and qualitative assessment.
In: Indexing tradition and innovation: proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the American Society of Indexers. Port Aransas, TX : American Society of Indexers, 1991. S.53-79.
12Dotz, P. ; Bishop, A.P. ; McClure, C.R.: ¬The National Research and Educational Network (NREN) : an empirical study of social and behavioural issues.
In: ASIS'90: Information in the year 2000, from research to applications. Proc. of the 53rd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, Toronto, Canada, 4.-8.11.1990. Ed. by Diana Henderson. Medford, NJ : Learned Information Inc., 1990. S.284-299.
Abstract: Describes a study of the use of electronic networks by scientists and engineers. The study of network use was conducted in order to make policy recommendations for the proposed Natioanl Research and Education Network (NREN) and combines traditional social science empirical methods with policy analysis. Argues that qualitative techniwues, such as semi-structured interviews and focus groups, provide data important to the development of user-based policies and that social and behavioural issues must be given more attention ny network policy makers