Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 16. Dezember 2019)
1Burke, M.E.: Knowledge sharing in emerging economies.
In: Library review. 60(2011) no.1, S.5-14.
Abstract: Purpose - One of the new factors in Eastern European countries (and there is an acknowledgement that this aspect is displayed in other countries too) is this concept of freely sharing information, i.e. the concept of what is known in knowledge management (KM) literature of "Knowledge Sharing". Sharing only takes place where there is trust and where there is a shared feeling of ownership of goals. The reasons behind the tendency to share are based on the kind of interpersonal relations between co-workers inherent within the organization and the effects of social relationships within organizational teams. Strengthening the social relationships between individuals in the team is crucial in motivating team members to share knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to add to the understanding of how KM impacts on an small- to medium-sized enterprise (SME) and create a framework of best practice of KM in SMEs. Design/methodology/approach - New research is currently investigating the concept of "sharing social relationships" and one of the aims of the project is to investigate the barriers to sharing information in a particular type of business - that of the (SME) in order to form a comparative study. The results of the study will be used to from a model of "information sharing best practice" for SME which are setting up or using KM systems. The paper will examine the barriers to sharing in two newly emerging economies (Poland and Hungary) and one relatively established economy (the UK). At the time of writing, the work with Poland and Hungary has been completed and this paper gives the initial results from the Hungarian study. Findings - The findings are complex and varied but in the case of the Hungarian results there is a clear energy, enthusiasm and commitment to knowledge sharing in order to ensure the success of the business. Research limitations/implications - Emerging economies are by their nature changing economies and so this work forms a snapshot of life at a particular moment in time. Practical implications - The paper shows that there is a need for an increase in training, and that government support is helpful and enabling. Originality/value - Knowledge sharing is important and the study described in the paper will allow cross comparisons between different countries. It is intended that a model of best practice will be one of the outcomes of the project.
Anmerkung: Einführung zu einem Themenheft "Knowledge sharing in emerging economies"
2Burke, M.: ¬The semantic web and the digital library.
In: Aslib proceedings. 61(2009) no.3, S.316-322.
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to discuss alternative definitions of and approaches to the semantic web. It aims to clarify the relationship between the semantic web, Web 2.0 and Library 2.0. Design/methodology/approach - The paper is based on a literature review and evaluation of systems with semantic web features. It identifies and describes semantic web projects of relevance to libraries and evaluates the usefulness of JeromeDL and other social semantic digital library systems. It discusses actual and potential applications for libraries and makes recommendations for actions needed by researchers and practitioners. Findings - The paper concludes that the library community has a lot to offer to, and benefit from, the semantic web, but there is limited interest in the library community. It recommends that there be greater collaboration between semantic web researchers and project developers, library management systems providers and the library community. Librarians should get involved in the development of semantic web standards, for example, metadata and taxonomies. Originality/value - The paper clarifies the distinction between semantic web and Web 2.0 in a digital library environment. It evaluates and predicts future developments for operational systems.
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Special Issue: Irish Library and Information Schools: University College Dublin
Themenfeld: Internet ; Semantic Web
Objekt: Web 2.0
3Basden, A. ; Burke, M.E.: Towards a philosophical understanding of documentation : a Dooyeweerdian framework.
In: Journal of documentation. 60(2004) no.4, S.352-370.
Abstract: Documents as we encounter them in everyday life are complex and diverse things, whether on paper, computer disk or on the World Wide Web. They play many roles vis-à-vis human beings, and the humans engaged with them have diverse responsibilities that are not always easy to fulfil. Added to this is the issue of how a document or literary work can change and yet retain its identity, as found in maintenance, drafting and versioning of documents. This paper explores how the meaning-oriented philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd may be used to understand the complex nature of documents, to throw light on the roles, responsibilities and culture surrounding them, and to tackle issues of identity and change.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00220410410548135.
4Burke, M.A.: Personal Construct Theory as a research tool in Library and Information Science : case study: development of a user-driven classification of photographs.
In: Subject retrieval in a networked environment: Proceedings of the IFLA Satellite Meeting held in Dublin, OH, 14-16 August 2001 and sponsored by the IFLA Classification and Indexing Section, the IFLA Information Technology Section and OCLC. Ed.: I.C. McIlwaine. München : Saur, 2003. S.107-113.
(UBCIM publications: new series; vol.25)
Abstract: This paper describes a preliminary research project which applies Personal Construct Theory to individual user perceptions of photographs. The research has both theoretical and practical objectives, namely: to test the validity of Personal Construct Theory (Kelly's theory and corollaries) for subject content analysis of photographs, and to use Personal Construct Theory and repertory grids to enhance retrieval of photographs. The background to Personal Construct Theory and to the use of Repertory Grids is presented and there is an overview of applications of these techniques in library and information science and other disciplines. Research results Show a high level of consistency among the personal constructs which participants used to distinguish between photographs. While some problems associated with using Repertory Grids for subject content analysis are identified, the research concludes that they provide a useful method of collecting unbiased data about what users see in visual images and for comparing user perceptions with alternative retrieval vocabularies and methods. Incorporation of a participant's constructs in automatic classification systems for visual images remains a major challenge.
Behandelte Form: Bilder
5Burke, M.E.: Philosophical and theoretical perspectives of organisational structures as information processing systems.
In: Journal of documentation. 59(2003) no.2, S.131-142.
Abstract: This paper considers the issues surrounding the fit between information systems and organisation structures. The paper uses philosophical ideas concerning knowledge and applies them to organisational design and information processing in order to encourage alternative perspectives and new ideas. This is achieved by a discussion of the issues surrounding organisational design and the impact of design on information processing; an overview of the ideas concerning the theory of knowledge proposed from both a rational and an empirical viewpoint and how these relate to other epistemological theories such as historicism and pragmatism. The paper closes with a discussion of the means by which philosophical considerations can assist towards new forms of information processing.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00220410310463482
Behandelte Form: Filme
6Breen, C. ; Farragher, A. ; McQuaid, M. ; Callanan, M. ; Burke, M.A.: New information management opportunities in a changing world.
In: Library review. 51(2002) nos.3/4, S.127-138.
Abstract: Evaluates gap between traditional library and LIS and needs of the IT workplace. Includes literature review of characteristics which knowledge and information managers need in the private sector. Three surveys were carried out via questionnaires and compared with literature review. Surveys were of business needs, LIS courses content, and experience of LIS graduates. Results suggest that while LIS graduates are being equipped with the necessary skills, the view of "the librarian" is impeding entry of LIS graduates into the knowledge management employment sector. Graduates with LIS skills need to market themselves more effectively in the IT workplace.
7Burke, M.A.: Organization of multimedia resources : principles and practice of information retrieval.
Aldershot : Gower, 1999. 224 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Education for information 18(2000) no.1, S.86-87 (R.J. Hartley); Program 34(2000) no.4, S.438-439 (A. Wheatley)
8Griffin, A. ; Burke, M.: Friend or foe? : An evaluation of the user-friendliness of Viewpoint, the Galaxy 2000 OPAC.
In: An leabharlann. 13(1997) no.2, S.53-60.
Abstract: Presents an evaluation of the user friendliness of the OPAC Windows based graphical interface: Viewpoint, from the integrated computerized library system: Galaxy 2000. Presents the criteria of user friendliness on which there is a consensus in the literature and applies these to Viewpoint: screen layout and design; highlighting techniques; language; user support and orientation; help; searching; response time; security; and advanced user features. Identifies flaws and presents recommendations for their correction
Themenfeld: OPAC ; Suchoberflächen
Objekt: Galaxy 2000
9Burke, M.A.: Meaning, multimedia and the Internet : subject retrieval challenges and solutions.
In: Proceedings of the 2nd British-Nordic Conference on Library and Information Studies, Edinburgh, 1997. Organized by the British Association for Information and Library Education (BAILER). Ed.: Micheline Beaulieu et al. London : Taylor Graham, 1997. S.61-78.
Abstract: Starts from the premise that meaning is not an intrinsic property of information items. Approaches to 'meaning' in diverse humanities disciplines, including philosophy, psychology, and the history of arts and music, are drawn on to enhance the understanding of meaning in the context of multimedia information retrieval on the Internet. The approaches described include philosophy of language and meaning, psychology of language including repertory grids and semantic differential, iconography and levels of meaning, and representation of music. A consistent theme in all these disciplines is the recognition that meaning is context dependent and may be analyzed at a variety of different levels, with nomenclature and number of levels varying across disciplines. Identifies the strengths and weaknesses of searching and retrieval on the Internet with particular emphasis on subject content and meaning. It shows the limitations of searching using the most basic level of meaning, while attempting to cater for a wide diversity of information resources and users. Recommends enhanced retrieval interfaces linked to the needs of specific user groups and the characteristics of specific media on the Internet
Themenfeld: Internet ; Multimedia ; Information