Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 24. Juni 2018)
1Gursoy, A. ; Wickett, K. ; Feinberg, M.: Understanding tag functions in a moderated, user-generated metadata ecosystem.
In: Journal of documentation. 74(2018) no.3, S.490-508.
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate tag use in a metadata ecosystem that supports a fan work repository to identify functions of tags and explore the system as a co-constructed communicative context. Design/methodology/approach Using modified techniques from grounded theory (Charmaz, 2007), this paper integrates humanistic and social science methods to identify kinds of tag use in a rich setting. Findings Three primary roles of tags emerge out of detailed study of the metadata ecosystem: tags can identify elements in the fan work, tags can reflect on how those elements are used or adapted in the fan work, and finally, tags can express the fan author's sense of her role in the discursive context of the fan work repository. Attending to each of the tag roles shifts focus away from just what tags say to include how they say it. Practical implications Instead of building metadata systems designed solely for retrieval or description, this research suggests that it may be fruitful to build systems that recognize various metadata functions and allow for expressivity. This research also suggests that attending to metadata previously considered unusable in systems may reflect the participants' sense of the system and their role within it. Originality/value In addition to accommodating a wider range of tag functions, this research implies consideration of metadata ecosystems, where different kinds of tags do different things and work together to create a multifaceted artifact.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JD-09-2017-0134.
2Maron, D. ; Feinberg, M.: What does it mean to adopt a metadata standard? : a case study of Omeka and the Dublin Core.
In: Journal of documentation. 74(2018) no.4, S.674-691.
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to employ a case study of the Omeka content management system to demonstrate how the adoption and implementation of a metadata standard (in this case, Dublin Core) can result in contrasting rhetorical arguments regarding metadata utility, quality, and reliability. In the Omeka example, the author illustrate a conceptual disconnect in how two metadata stakeholders - standards creators and standards users - operationalize metadata quality. For standards creators such as the Dublin Core community, metadata quality involves implementing a standard properly, according to established usage principles; in contrast, for standards users like Omeka, metadata quality involves mere adoption of the standard, with little consideration of proper usage and accompanying principles. Design/methodology/approach The paper uses an approach based on rhetorical criticism. The paper aims to establish whether Omeka's given ends (the position that Omeka claims to take regarding Dublin Core) align with Omeka's guiding ends (Omeka's actual argument regarding Dublin Core). To make this assessment, the paper examines both textual evidence (what Omeka says) and material-discursive evidence (what Omeka does). Findings The evidence shows that, while Omeka appears to argue that adopting the Dublin Core is an integral part of Omeka's mission, the platform's lack of support for Dublin Core implementation makes an opposing argument. Ultimately, Omeka argues that the appearance of adopting a standard is more important than its careful implementation. Originality/value This study contributes to our understanding of how metadata standards are understood and used in practice. The misalignment between Omeka's position and the goals of the Dublin Core community suggests that Omeka, and some portion of its users, do not value metadata interoperability and aggregation in the same way that the Dublin Core community does. This indicates that, although certain values regarding standards adoption may be pervasive in the metadata community, these values are not equally shared amongst all stakeholders in a digital library ecosystem. The way that standards creators (Dublin Core) understand what it means to "adopt a standard" is different from the way that standards users (Omeka) understand what it means to "adopt a standard."
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JD-06-2017-0095.
Objekt: Dublin Core ; Omeka
3Feinberg, M.: Reading databases : slow information interactions beyond the retrieval paradigm.
In: Journal of documentation. 73(2017) no.2, S.336-356.
Abstract: Purpose In this conceptual essay, the purpose of this paper is to argue that the structure of databases and other information systems provides valuable information beyond their content. The author contends that reading databases - as a separate, distinct activity from retrieving and reading the documents that databases contain - is an under-studied form of human-information interaction. Because the act of reading databases encourages awareness, reflection, and control over information systems, the author aligns the author's proposal with "slow" principles, as exemplified by the slow food movement. Design/methodology/approach This paper presents an extended argument to demonstrate the value of reading a database. Reading a database involves understanding the relationship between database structure and database content as an interpretation of the world. For example, when a supermarket puts vermicelli in the pasta section but rice vermicelli in the Asian section, the supermarket suggests that rice vermicelli is more "Asian" than "noodle." To construct the author's argument, the author uses examples that range from everyday, mundane activities with information systems (such as using maps and automated navigation systems) to scientific and technical work (systematic reviews of medical evidence). Findings The slow, interpretively focused information interactions of reading databases complement the "fast information" approach of outcome-oriented retrieval. To facilitate database reading activities, research should develop tools that focus user attention on the application of database structure to database contents. Another way of saying this is that research should exploit the interactive possibilities of metadata, either human-created or algorithmically generated. Originality/value This paper argues that information studies research focuses too heavily on seeking and retrieval. Seeking and retrieval are just two of the many interactions that constitute our everyday activities with information. Reading databases is an area particularly ripe with design possibilities.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JD-03-2016-0030.
4Feinberg, M.: Expressive bibliography : personal collections in public space.
In: Knowledge organization. 38(2011) no.2, S.123-134.
Abstract: This paper examines collections of citations that individual users contribute to social tagging systems such as Delicious and LibraryThing. I characterize these personal collections, furnished with various forms of metadata and arranged for Web display, as a means of communication, where a particular sensibility molds guiding principles for resource selection, description, and categorization. Using several analytic frameworks from museum studies, I present three brief case studies that interrogate both the substance and the means of expression achieved in such collections, which I term "expressive bibliographies." In considering these case studies, I explore how an explicit rhetorical perspective might inform purposeful design of expressive bibliography.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko_38_2011_2_d.pdf.
Themenfeld: Social tagging
Objekt: Delicious ; LibraryThing
5Feinberg, M.: Compiler to author : a process for designing rhetorically aware document collections.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 62(2011) no.9, S.1784-1796.
Abstract: Although neutrality has been extensively questioned as a design principle for document collections and their descriptive infrastructures, little research has investigated how this conceptual shift might affect the collection designer's task. This article describes the development and evaluation of a design process to author document collections with an acknowledged rhetorical purpose: collections with a design goal to persuasively communicate a position on their material to an identified audience. Following principles of design research, the process was developed via the creation of two prototype collections. The process was then implemented in a classroom setting. Over the course of a semester, 16 participants used the design process both as individuals and in teams to create rhetorically aware document collections. Although study participants successfully used the process to create collections that persuasively expressed a position on their subject matter, reflections on their design experiences showed that the student designers felt some ambivalence regarding the assumption of authorial power.
6Feinberg, M.: ¬An integrative approach to the design of knowledge organization systems.
In: Paradigms and conceptual systems in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Eleventh International ISKO Conference, 23-26 February 2010 Rome, Italy. Edited by Claudio Gnoli and Fulvio Mazzocchi. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2010. S.152-158.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.12)
Abstract: This paper describes a design process for knowledge organization systems (KOS) that negotiates between the communicative goals of an author, the information needs of an audience, and the structure of existing subject literature. In the proposed process, the category structures that constitute typical KOSs are designed in the context of envisioned audience interactions with an information system's resources, and as the support through which an author (or classificationist) expresses rhetorical goals regarding the subject matter being collected, organized, and made available for access.
7Feinberg, M.: Two kinds of evidence : how information systems form rhetorical arguments.
In: Journal of documentation. 66(2010) no.4, S.491-512.
Abstract: Purpose - This paper aims to examine how systems for organizing information construct rhetorical arguments for a particular interpretation of their subject matter. Design/methodology/approach - The paper synthesizes a conceptual framework from the field of rhetoric and uses that framework to analyze how existing organizational schemes present evidence in support of arguments regarding the material being organized. Findings - Organizational schemes can present logical arguments as posed in rhetoric, using two forms of evidence for their claims: relationship evidence from the category structure and resource evidence from the ways that items are assigned to categories. Research limitations/implications - This study does not attempt to identify all types of evidence that organizational schemes might use in argumentation. Further research may describe additional forms of evidence and argumentative structures. Practical implications - When creating organizational schemes, designers might develop a strategy to facilitate persuasive argumentation. Moreover, because arguments may be either strengthened or undermined through the assignment of resources to categories, both indexing and collection development may be seen as contributing to the overall design of an organizational scheme. Originality/value - While many researchers have asserted that organizational schemes form arguments, and while various studies have described what information systems might be said to communicate, this study focuses on how such communication may take place more or less effectively. This analysis foregrounds the potential for organizational schemes to be systematically and purposefully designed as rhetorical communication, to express particular ideas.
8Feinberg, M.: Classificationist as author : the case of the Prelinger Library.
In: Culture and identity in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Tenth International ISKO Conference 5-8 August 2008, Montreal, Canada. Ed. by Clément Arsenault and Joseph T. Tennis. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2008. S.22-28.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.11)
Inhalt: Within information science, neutrality and objectivity have been standard design goals for knowledge organization schemes; designers have seen themselves as compilers, rather than as authors or creators. The organization of resources in the Prelinger Library in San Francisco, however, shows a distinct authorial voice, or unique sense of expression and vision. This voice, in turn, works as a persuasive mechanism, facilitating a rhetorical purpose for the collection.
Anmerkung: Vgl. unter: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0b5550a/index.php.
Objekt: Prelinger Library
Land/Ort: USA ; San Francisco
9Feinberg, M.: Hidden bias to responsible bias: an approach to information systems based on Haraway's situated knowledges.
In: Information research. 12(2007); Supplement, S.1-13.