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2Foskett, D.J.: Systems theory and its relevance to documentary classification.[Wiederabdruck].
In: Knowledge organization. 44(2017) no.2, S.129-134.
Abstract: In view of the impact of systems theory for the construction of classification systems the two major contributions of Dewey are summarized as well as the new methods of facet analysis and organization brought into classification by Ranganathan. With the latter's "canonical" solution for the contents and arrangement of main classes, however, contemporary philosophical thought regarding the organization of knowledge seems to have been neglected. The work of the Classification Research Group and elsewhere considering integrative level theory will improve the science of classification systems construction. Besides this the influence from psychology and linguistics on the recognition of relationships between concepts is outlined as well as some practical implications of the systems approach on classification. (I.C.)
Anmerkung: Original in: International classification. 7(1980) no.1, p.2-5.
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur
3Foskett, D.J.: Facet analysis.ELIS Classic , from 1972.
In: Encyclopedia of library and information sciences. 3rd ed. Ed.: M.J. Bates. London : Taylor & Francis, 2009. S.xx-xx.
Abstract: The brothers Foskett, Anthony and Douglas, have both made major contributions to the theory and practice of subject analysis and description. Here, Douglas Foskett explains facet analysis, a vital technique in the development of both classification schemes and thesauri. Foskett himself created faceted classification schemes for specific disciplines, drawing from the philosophy of the great Indian classificationist, S.R. Ranganathan.
Anmerkung: Vgl.: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/book/10.1081/E-ELIS3.
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur
4Foskett, D.J.: ¬'A rustic in the library' : The first Dr. Pafford Memorial Lecture.
In: Journal of librarianship and information science. 29(1997) no.4, S.211-216.
Abstract: The elements that comprise 'style' in creative writing are directly applicable to librarians, in the choice of books and periodicals, and in the process of cataloguing and classification to make them accessible to users. By the selection and arrangement of their stock librarians reveal professional accounts of the culture they have inherited and are endeavouring to pass on to future generations. Illustrates the discussion with particular reference to the life and career of Dr. John Henry Pyle Pafford, Librarian at London University, and in particular to his views on the development of general classification schemes, such as the DDC and BC, and the work of the CRG. Concludes by noting his work in the fields of education, national and international library cooperation, and as Library-Keeper of the University
Themenfeld: Geschichte der Klassifikationssysteme
Objekt: DDC ; BC ; CRG
5Foskett, D.J.: Libraries and information systems : a fruitful partnership.
In: Connectedness: information, systems, people, organizations. Proceedings of CAIS/ACSI 95, the proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Information Science. Ed. by Hope A. Olson and Denis B. Ward. Alberta : Alberta University, School of Library and Information Studies, 1995. S.198-211.
Abstract: There is a need for a continued recognition of the value of books as an efficient means of information transfer, while recognising that the correct use of all technology can promote services. Currently there is a danger that a surfeit of information and global networks will degenerate into anarchy and the lawlessness of an information jungle. It is important to understand the interrelations between information and different media. Gives the application of facet classification as an example of the ways in which interrelations between traditional LIS methods and new technology can be developed. Examines theories of knowledge and wisdom. LIS can cover the whole spectrum of human experience, the university of knowledge and help tp promote the integration of different branches of public information, helped by modern information technology
6Foskett, D.J.: More on the personality facet.
In: Journal of library and information science. 17(1992) no.1, S.39-44.
Abstract: Describes the use of notational synthesis or number building in different classification schemes. Points out that the use of facet analysis by S.R. Ranganathan is an exact parallel to the central notion of Geberal Systems Theory (GST). Explains the Ranganathan concept of a 'whole' and 'wholeness'. Points out that it is easy to find evidence of the validity of GST in many fields. Concludes that none has yet advanced, or even attempted an alternative term to 'personality' which so accurately mirrors the central concept of GST
7Foskett, D.J.: Ranganathan and 'user-friendliness'.
In: Libri. 42(1992) no.3, S.227-234.
Abstract: Contribution to a thematic issue devoted to an investigation and celebration of the works of Dr. S.R. Ranganathan. His 'Five laws of library science' place the user as the focus of library and information service and emphasise the need to understand and interpret the subject of the user's enquiry which contributes to user-friendliness. Concept organisation is required at the input stage, ba analysing the user's document content, and at the output stage, by analysing the user's information need from the terms in his or her enquiry. Facet analysis reflects a natural way of thinking and can be introduced into computerised systems without difficulty. ; Ranganathan always showed a great concern for the user and all the ways he or she would use a library. His work is no less applicable in the computer age, and principles such as the Five Laws of Library Science are valid no matter how information is sought. Foskett discusses user friendliness and the usefulness of facet analysis in online systems, which he says it will work very well for information storage, retrieval, and searching. Time will undoubtedly prove him correct
8Foskett, D.J.: Concerning general and special classifications.
In: International classification. 18(1991) no.2, S.87-91.
Abstract: The experience of the British Classification Research Group (CRG) suggests that a good general scheme could be compiled by integrating specialist schemes. Examples are given from the 1990 revision of class J Education of the Bliss Bibliographic Classification. Sequences in arrays may need adjustment to suit different needs, but a general, or "Ur-Classification" will provide a reservoir of terms for specialist schemes, while the special schemes provide detailed analysis and emuneration by experts in each field. A fraction of money spent on new library buildings would enable the compilation of such a general scheme, which could well be based on the BC2 edition of Bliss B.C.
10Foskett, D.J.: Thougths on revising a bibliographical classification scheme.
In: International forum on information and documentation. 14(1989), S.3-7.
11Foskett, D.J.: ¬The "personality" of the personality facet.
In: Ranganathan's philosophy: assessment, impact and relevance. Proc. of the Int. Conf. organised by the Indian Library Association an co-sponsored by Sarada Ranganathan' Endowment for Library Science. Ed.: T.S. Rajagopalan. New Dehli : Vikas Publ. House, 1986. S.143-152.
12Foskett, D.J.: Classification and integrative levels.
In: Theory of subject analysis: a sourcebook. Ed.: L.M. Chan, et al. Littleton, CO : Libraries Unlimited, 1985. S.210-220.
Abstract: Very interesting experimental work was done by Douglas Foskett and other British classificationists during the fifteen-year period following the end of World War II. The research was effective in demonstrating that it was possible to make very sophisticated classification systems for virtually any subject-systems suitable for experts and for the general user needing a detailed subject classification. The success of these special systems led to consideration of the possibility of putting them together to form a new general classification system. To do such a thing would require a general, overall framework of some kind, since systems limited to a special subject are easier to construct because one does not have to worry about including all of the pertinent facets needed for a general system. Individual subject classifications do not automatically coalesce into a general pattern. For example, what is central to one special classification might be fringe in another or in several others. Fringe terminologies may not coincide in terms of logical relationships. Homographs and homonyms may not rear their ugly heads until attempts at merger are made. Foskett points out that even identifying a thing in terms of a noun or verb involves different assumptions in approach. For these and other reasons, it made sense to look for existing work in fields where the necessary framework already existed. Foskett found the rudiments of such a system in a number of writings, culminating in a logical system called "integrative levels" suggested by James K. Feibleman (q.v.). This system consists of a set of advancing conceptual levels relating to the apparent organization of nature. These levels are irreversible in that if one once reached a certain level there was no going back. Foskett points out that with higher levels and greater complexity in structure the analysis needed to establish valid levels becomes much more difficult, especially as Feibleman stipulates that a higher level must not be reducible to a lower one. (That is, one cannot put Humpty Dumpty together again.) Foskett is optimistic to the extent of suggesting that references from level to level be made upwards, with inductive reasoning, a system used by Derek Austin (q.v.) for making reference structures in PRECIS. Though the method of integrative levels so far has not been used successfully with the byproducts of human social behavior and thought, so much has been learned about these areas during the past twenty years that Foskett may yet be correct in his optimism. Foskett's name has Jong been associated with classification in the social sciences. As with many of the British classificationists included in this book, he has been a member of the Classification Research Group for about forty years. Like the others, he continues to contribute to the field.
Anmerkung: Nachdruck des Originalartikels mit Kommentierung durch die Herausgeber ; Original in: The Sayers memorial volume: essays in librarianship im memory of William Charles Berwick Sayers. London: The Library Association 1961. S.136-150.
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur ; Theorie verbaler Dokumentationssprachen
13Foskett, D.J. ; Bury, S.: Concept organisation and universal classification schemes.
In: Universal classification I: subject analysis and ordering systems. Proc. of the 4th Int. Study Conf. on Classification research, Augsburg, 28.6.-2.7.1982. Ed.: I. Dahlberg. Frankfurt : Indeks, 1982. S.35-43.
(Studien zur Klassifikation; Bd.11)
Themenfeld: Klassifikationstheorie: Elemente / Struktur
15Foskett, D.J.: ¬The contribution of classification to a theory of librarianship.
In: Toward a theory of librarianship. Papers in honor of J.H. Shera. Ed. by H. Rawski. Metuchen, NJ : The Scarecrow Press, 1973. S.169-186.
16Foskett, D.J.: ¬A note on the concept of 'relevance'.
In: Information storage and retrieval. 8(1972), S.77-78.
17Foskett, D.J.: Information and general system theory.
In: Journal of librarianship. 4(1972), S.205-209.
Anmerkung: Rezension zu: Bertalanffy, L. von: General system theory: foundations, development, applications. Allen Lane: The Penguin Press 1971
18Foskett, D.J.: Classification for a general index language: a review of recent research by the Classification Research Group.
London : Library Association, 1970. 48 S.
(Library Association research publication; no.2)
Themenfeld: Beziehungen verbale / systematische Erschließung ; Universale Facettenklassifikationen
19Foskett, D.J.: Classification and indexing in the social sciences.
In: Aslib proceedings. 22(1970), S.90-101.
20Foskett, D.J.: Classification and indexing in the social sciences.
Washington, D.C. : Butterworth, 1963. 190 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: College and research libraries 26(1965) no.3, S.253-254 (J.F. Govan)