Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 03. März 2020)
1Thomer, A.K. ; Wickett, K.M. ; Baker, K.S. ; Fouke, B.W. ; Palmer, C.L.: Documenting provenance in noncomputational workflows : research process models based on geobiology fieldwork in Yellowstone National Park.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 69(2018) no.10, S.1234-1245.
Abstract: A comprehensive record of research data provenance is essential for the successful curation, management, and reuse of data over time. However, creating such detailed metadata can be onerous, and there are few structured methods for doing so. In this case study of data curation in support of geobiology research conducted at Yellowstone National Park, we describe a method of "Research Process Modeling" for documenting noncomputational data provenance in a structured yet flexible way. The method combines systems analysis techniques to model research activities, the World Wide Web Consortium Provenance (PROV) ontology to illustrate relationships between data products, and simple inventory methods to account for research processes and data products. It also supports collaborative data curation between information professionals and researchers, and is therefore a significant step toward producing more useable and interpretable research data. We demonstrate how this method describes data provenance more robustly than "flat" metadata alone and fills a critical gap in the documentation of provenance for field-based and noncomputational workflows. We discuss potential applications of this approach to other research domains.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24039.
2Chao, T.C. ; Cragin, M.H. ; Palmer, C.L.: Data Practices and Curation Vocabulary (DPCVocab) : an empirically derived framework of scientific data practices and curatorial processes.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 66(2015) no.3, S.616-633.
Abstract: Conceptual frameworks and taxonomies are an important part of the emerging base of knowledge on the curation of research data. We present the Data Practices and Curation Vocabulary (DPCVocab), a functional vocabulary created for specifying relationships among data practices in research, types of data produced and used, and curation roles and activities. The vocabulary consists of 3 categories-Research Data Practices, Data, and Curation-with 187 terms validated through empirical studies of scientific data practices in the Earth and life sciences. The present article covers the DPCVocab development process and examines applications for mapping relationships across the 3 categories, identifying factors for projecting curation costs and important differences in curation requirements across disciplines. As a tool for curators, the vocabulary provides a framework for charting curation options and guiding systematic administration of curation services. It can serve as a shared terminology or lingua franca to support interactions and collaboration among curators, data producers, system developers, and other stakeholders in data infrastructure and services. The DPCVocab as a whole supports both the technical and the human aspects of professional curation work essential to the modern research system.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.23184/abstract.
4Zavalina, O. ; Palmer, C.L. ; Jackson, A.S. ; Han, M.-J.: Assessing descriptive substance in free-text collection-level metadata.
In: Metadata for semantic and social applications : proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, Berlin, 22 - 26 September 2008, DC 2008: Berlin, Germany / ed. by Jane Greenberg and Wolfgang Klas. Göttingen : Univ.-Verl., 2008. S.169-174.
Abstract: Collection-level metadata has the potential to provide important information about the features and purpose of individual collections. This paper reports on a content analysis of collection records in an aggregation of cultural heritage collections. The findings show that the free-text Description field often provides more accurate and complete representation of subjects and object types than the specified fields. Properties such as importance, uniqueness, comprehensiveness, provenance, and creator are articulated, as well as other vital contextual information about the intentions of a collector and the value of a collection, as a whole, for scholarly users. The results demonstrate that the semantically rich free-text Description field is essential to understanding the context of collections in large aggregations and can serve as a source of data for enhancing and customizing controlled vocabularies.
Inhalt: Vgl. unter: http://dcpapers.dublincore.org/ojs/pubs/article/view/930/926.
5Palmer, C.L.: Scholarly work and the shaping of digital access.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 56(2005) no.11, S.1140-1153.
Abstract: In the cycle of scholarly communication, scholars play the role of both consumer and contributor of intellectual works within the stores of recorded knowledge. In the digital environment scholars are seeking and using information in new ways and generating new types of scholarly products, many of which are specialized resources for access to research information. These practices have important implications for the collection and organization of digital access resources. Drawing on a series of qualitative studies investigating the information work of scientists and humanities scholars, specific information seeking activities influenced by the Internet and two general modes of information access evident in research practice are identified in this article. These conceptual modes of access are examined in relation to the digital access resources currently being developed by researchers in the humanities and neuroscience. Scholars' modes of access and their "working" and "implicit" assemblages of information represent what researchers actually do when gathering and working with research materials and therefore provide a useful framework for the collection and organization of access resources in research libraries.
6Palmer, C.L.: Structures and strategies of interdisciplinary science.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 50(1999) no.3, S.242-253.
Abstract: This study explores the information processes and work situations of interdisciplinary scientists. The analysis focuses on structural and strategic elements of information exchange between intellectual domains. Interview data reveal that scientists undertake individual and cooperative boundary-crossing research. 4 research modes are identified and associated with different approaches to seeking information and knowledge base development. Probing for information, consultation, and learning are among the scientists' central interdisciplinary research practices. In spite of theses work strategies, research progress is complicated by the tension between researchers' efforts to maintain a broad perspective and a high level of productivity. Information initiatives can provide 'leeway' to help researchers shift their efforts away from their core specialization to the peripheral domains that infuse their interdisciplinary work
7Palmer, C.L.: Aligning studies of information seeking and use with domain analysis.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 50(1999) no.12, S.1139-1140.
Inhalt: Beitrag eines Themenheftes: The 50th Anniversary of the Journal of the American Society for Information Science. Pt.2: Paradigms, models, and models of information science
8Palmer, C.L.: Information work at the boundaries of science : linking library services to research practices.
In: Library trends. 45(1996) no.2, S.165-191.
Abstract: Examines the information seeking practices and strategies used by interdisciplinary scientists as they work in 'boundaries' between disciplines. As researchers gather and disseminate information outside their core knowledge domains through personal networks, conferences and the literature, they interact with objects, methods, people and words. Much of their information work is devoted to probing and learning new subject areas and they often rely on intermediaries to help collect and translate materials from unfamiliar subjects. Libraries that wish to facilitate cross disciplinary enquiry will need to design information environments that support learning, provide tools that function as 'boundary objects' and offer intermediary services that assist in the transfer and translation of information across scientific communities