Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 16. Dezember 2019)
1Park, M.S.: Understanding characteristics of semantic associations in health consumer generated knowledge representation in social media.
In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 70(2019) no.11, S.1210-1222.
Abstract: This study explores knowledge organization behavior on the Web with respect to identifying the semantic relationships of health-related concepts. In particular, this study aims to investigate the potentials of imparting richer collective intelligence to existing knowledge representation systems in health. The study focuses on detecting semantic relationships between semantic groups of major concepts mined from health consumers' descriptions of health issues and associated user-generated metadata (i.e., tags). A total of 50,263 blogs and associated 341,720 tags were collected from Tumblr, a blogging social networking site. Text mining and semantic network analysis methods were used to explore the usage patterns at semantic type levels of the identified medical concepts in tags, in blogs, and between tags and blogs. More various associations among semantic types were identified both in tags and in blogs. These associations were more diverse and complicated than the relationships in the Unified Medical Language System Semantic Network. Among the groups of concepts in tags and blogs, groups showed relatively stronger and more diverse relationships with other groups of concepts. In addition, many direct and close relations were found between tags and blogs.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asi.24198.
2Spink, A. ; Park, M. ; Jansen, B.J. ; Pedersen, J.: Elicitation and use of relevance feedback information.
In: Information processing and management. 42(2006) no.1, S.264-275.
Abstract: A user's single session with a Web search engine or information retrieval (IR) system may consist of seeking information on single or multiple topics, and switch between tasks or multitasking information behavior. Most Web search sessions consist of two queries of approximately two words. However, some Web search sessions consist of three or more queries. We present findings from two studies. First, a study of two-query search sessions on the AltaVista Web search engine, and second, a study of three or more query search sessions on the AltaVista Web search engine. We examine the degree of multitasking search and information task switching during these two sets of AltaVista Web search sessions. A sample of two-query and three or more query sessions were filtered from AltaVista transaction logs from 2002 and qualitatively analyzed. Sessions ranged in duration from less than a minute to a few hours. Findings include: (1) 81% of two-query sessions included multiple topics, (2) 91.3% of three or more query sessions included multiple topics, (3) there are a broad variety of topics in multitasking search sessions, and (4) three or more query sessions sometimes contained frequent topic changes. Multitasking is found to be a growing element in Web searching. This paper proposes an approach to interactive information retrieval (IR) contextually within a multitasking framework. The implications of our findings for Web design and further research are discussed.
Themenfeld: Suchmaschinen ; Benutzerstudien
3Spink, A. ; Park, M. ; Koshman, S.: Factors affecting assigned information problem ordering during Web search : an exploratory study.
In: Information processing and management. 42(2006) no.5, S.1366-1378.
Abstract: Multitasking is the human ability to handle the demands of multiple tasks. Multitasking behavior involves the ordering of multiple tasks and switching between tasks. People often multitask when using information retrieval (IR) technologies as they seek information on more than one information problem over single or multiple search episodes. However, limited studies have examined how people order their information problems, especially during their Web search engine interaction. The aim of our exploratory study was to investigate assigned information problem ordering by forty (40) study participants engaged in Web search. Findings suggest that assigned information problem ordering was influenced by the following factors, including personal interest, problem knowledge, perceived level of information available on the Web, ease of finding information, level of importance and seeking information on information problems in order from general to specific. Personal interest and problem knowledge were the major factors during assigned information problem ordering. Implications of the findings and further research are discussed. The relationship between information problem ordering and gratification theory is an important area for further exploration.
Themenfeld: Suchtaktik ; Benutzerstudien
4Spink, A. ; Park, M.: Information and non-information multitasking interplay.
In: Journal of documentation. 61(2005) no.4, S.548-554.
Abstract: Purpose - During multitasking, humans handle multiple tasks through task switching or engage in multitasking information behaviors. For example, a user switches between seeking new kitchen information and medical information. Recent studies provide insights these complex multitasking human information behaviors (HIB). However, limited studies have examined the interplay between information and non-information tasks. Design/methodology/approach - The goal of the paper was to examine the interplay of information and non-information task behaviors. Findings - This paper explores and speculates on a new direction in HIB research. The nature of HIB as a multitasking activity including the interplay of information and non-information behavior tasks, and the relation between multitasking information behavior to cognitive style and individual differences, is discussed. A model of multitasking between information and non-information behavior tasks is proposed. Practical implications/limitations - Multitasking information behavior models should include the interplay of information and non-information tasks, and individual differences and cognitive styles. Originality/value - The paper is the first information science theoretical examination of the interplay between information and non-information tasks.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00220410510607516