Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 03. März 2020)
1Farnel, S. ; Shiri, A. ; Campbell, S. ; Cockney, C. ; Rathi, D. ; Stobbs, R.: ¬A community-driven metadata framework for describing cultural resources : the Digital Library North Project.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 55(2017) no.5, S.289-306.
Abstract: This article describes the Digital Library North (DLN) project, a collaboration among researchers at the University of Alberta, staff at the Inuvialuit Cultural Resource Centre, and communities within the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) to develop a culturally appropriate metadata framework for a digital library of cultural resources. It will discuss gathering of data to inform the first iteration of the metadata framework and digital library prototype, as well as revisions made to both the framework and the digital library based on feedback obtained through community interaction with the prototype.
Inhalt: Vgl.: https://doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2017.1312723.
2Shiri, A.: Powering search : the role of thesauri in new information environments.
Medford, NJ : ASIST, 2012. XV, 318 S.
(ASIS&T monograph series)
Abstract: Powering search offers a clear and comprehensive treatment of the role of thesauri in search user interfaces across a range of information search and retrieval systems - from bibliographic and full-text databases to digital libraries, portals, open archives, and content management systems.
Inhalt: Thesauri : introduction and recent developments -- Thesauri in interactive information retrieval -- User-centered approach to the evaluation of thesauri : query formulation and expansion -- Thesauri in web-based search systems -- Thesaurus-based search and browsing functionalities in new thesaurus construction standards -- Design of search user interfaces for thesauri -- Design of user interfaces for multilingual and meta-thesauri -- User-centered evaluation of thesaurus-enhanced search user interfaces -- Guidelines for the design of thesaurus-enhanced search user interfaces -- Current trends and developments.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 65(2014) no.5, S.1085-1088 (B.H. Weinberg)
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus
LCSH: Information storage and retrieval systems ; Information retrieval ; Subject headings ; World Wide Web ; Subject access
RSWK: Thesaurus ; Information Retrieval
RVK: AN 94200
3Shiri, A.: Revealing interdisciplinarity in nanoscience and technology queries : a transaction log analysis approach.
In: Knowledge organization. 38(2011) no.2, S.135-153.
Abstract: The study reported here investigated the search behaviour patterns of nanoscience and nanotechnology searchers as revealed by transaction log analysis of the NANOnetBASE electronic book digital library. This paper examines the patterns and strategies of nano searchers' query formulation and reformulation, then explores the extent of interdisciplinarity in search queries using the INSPEC and Compendex thesauri. The results show certain query formulation patterns associated with searching in an emerging and interdisciplinary area of nanotechnology such as: the use of multiword and compound query terms, extensive use of search terms beginning with the prefix "nano," hyphenated terms, spelling variations, a large number of query reformulations, and the use of acronyms. The results also indicate that 62% of the unique top terms resulting from mapping users' query terms to the INSPEC Classification codes represented two or more disciplines, specifically terms associated with the Classification code "A" representing "physics." The results have implications for information organization and representation, user interface design and federated searching in digital libraries and multi-subject databases.
Inhalt: Vgl.: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/downloads/ko_38_2011_2_e.pdf.
4Andrew Keenan, A. ; Shiri, A.: Sociability and social interaction on social networking websites.
In: Library review. 58(2009) no.5, S.438-450.
Abstract: Purpose - Social websites have become a major medium for social interaction. From Facebook to MySpace to emergent sites like Twitter, social websites are increasing exponentially in user numbers and unique visits every day. How do these websites encourage sociability? What features or design practices enable users to socialize with other users? The purpose of this paper is to explore sociability on the social web and details how different social websites encourage their users to interact. Design/methodology/approach - Four social websites (Facebook, MySpace, LinkedIn and Twitter) were examined from a user study perspective. After thoroughly participating on the websites, a series of observations were recorded from each experience. These experiences were then compared to understand the different approaches of each website. Findings - Social websites use a number of different approaches to encourage sociability amongst their users. Facebook promotes privacy and representing "real world" networks in web environment, while MySpace promotes publicity and representing both real world and virtual networks in a web environment. Niche websites like LinkedIn and Twitter focus on more specific aspects of community and technology, respectively. Originality/value - A comparison of different models of sociability does not yet exist. This study focuses specifically on what makes social websites "social."
5Shiri, A. ; Chambers, T.: Information retrieval from digital libraries : assessing the potential utility of thesauri in supporting users' search behaviour in an interdisciplinary domain.
In: Culture and identity in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the Tenth International ISKO Conference 5-8 August 2008, Montreal, Canada. Ed. by Clément Arsenault and Joseph T. Tennis. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2008. S.184-189.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.11)
Inhalt: The objective of this research was to investigate the extent to which thesauri have the potential to support the search behaviour of nanoscience and technology researchers while interacting with an electronic book digital library. Transaction log data was obtained from a nanoscience and technology digital library to investigate the nature, type and characteristics of users' queries and search terms. The specific objectives was to assess the extent to which users' search terms matched with those found in two well-established thesauri attached o the INSPEC and Compendex databases.
Anmerkung: Vgl. unter: http://www.ergon-verlag.de/isko_ko/tocs/0497f79b0c0b3ed06/0497f79b0c0b5550a/index.php
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus ; Information Gateway ; Benutzerstudien
Objekt: INSPEC ; Compendex
6Shiri, A.: Trend analysis in social tagging : an LIS perspective.
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to identify and categorize social tagging trends and developments as revealed by the analysis of library and information science scholarly and professional literature.
Inhalt: Präsentation während der Veranstaltung "Networked Knowledge Organization Systems and Services: The 6th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS) Workshop, Workshop at the 11th ECDL Conference, Budapest, Hungary, September 21st 2007".
Themenfeld: Social tagging
7Nicholson, D.M. ; Dawson, A. ; Shiri, A.: HILT: a pilot terminology mapping service with a DDC spine.
In: Cataloging and classification quarterly. 42(2006) nos.3/4, S.187-200.
Abstract: The role of DDC in the ongoing HILT (High-level Thesaurus) project is discussed. A phased initiative, funded by JISC in the UK, HILT addresses an issue of likely interest to anyone serving users wishing to cross-search or cross-browse groups of networked information services, whether at regional, national or international level - the problem of subject-based retrieval from multiple sources using different subject schemes for resource description. Although all three phases of HILT to date are covered, the primary concern is with the subject interoperability solution piloted in phase II, and with the use of DDC as a spine in that approach.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch: http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/
Anmerkung: Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Moving beyond the presentation layer: content and context in the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) System"
Themenfeld: Semantische Interoperabilität
Objekt: DDC ; HILT
8Shiri, A.A. ; Revie, C.: Query expansion behavior within a thesaurus-enhanced search environment : a user-centered evaluation.
In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 57(2006) no.4, S.462-478.
Abstract: The study reported here investigated the query expansion behavior of end-users interacting with a thesaurus-enhanced search system on the Web. Two groups, namely academic staff and postgraduate students, were recruited into this study. Data were collected from 90 searches performed by 30 users using the OVID interface to the CAB abstracts database. Data-gathering techniques included questionnaires, screen capturing software, and interviews. The results presented here relate to issues of search-topic and search-term characteristics, number and types of expanded queries, usefulness of thesaurus terms, and behavioral differences between academic staff and postgraduate students in their interaction. The key conclusions drawn were that (a) academic staff chose more narrow and synonymous terms than did postgraduate students, who generally selected broader and related terms; (b) topic complexity affected users' interaction with the thesaurus in that complex topics required more query expansion and search term selection; (c) users' prior topic-search experience appeared to have a significant effect on their selection and evaluation of thesaurus terms; (d) in 50% of the searches where additional terms were suggested from the thesaurus, users stated that they had not been aware of the terms at the beginning of the search; this observation was particularly noticeable in the case of postgraduate students.
Themenfeld: Retrievalalgorithmen ; Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval ; Benutzerstudien
9Shiri, A. ; Revie, C.: Usability and user perceptions of a thesaurus-enhanced search interface.
In: Journal of documentation. 61(2005) no.5, S.640-656.
Abstract: Purpose - This paper seeks to report an investigation into the ways in which end-users perceive a thesaurus-enhanced search interface, in particular thesaurus and search interface usability. Design/methodology/approach - Thirty academic users, split between staff and postgraduate students, carrying out real search requests were observed during this study. Users were asked to comment on a range of thesaurus and interface characteristics including: ease of use, ease of learning, ease of browsing and navigation, problems and difficulties encountered while interacting with the system, and the effect of browsing on search term selection. Findings - The results suggest that interface usability is a factor affecting thesaurus browsing/navigation and other information-searching behaviours. Academic staff viewed the function of a thesaurus as being useful for narrowing down a search and providing alternative search terms, while postgraduates stressed the role of the thesaurus for broadening searches and providing new terms. Originality/value - The paper provides an insight into the ways in which end-users make use of and interact with a thesaurus-enhanced search interface. This area is new since previous research has particularly focused on how professional searchers and librarians make use of thesauri and thesaurus-enhanced search interfaces. The research reported here suggests that end-users with varying levels of domain knowledge are able to use thesauri that are integrated into search interfaces. It also provides design implications for search interface developers as well as information professionals who are involved in teaching online searching.
Anmerkung: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00220410510625840
Themenfeld: Benutzerstudien ; Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval
10Shiri, A.: Topic familiarity and its effects on term selection and browsing in a thesaurus-enhanced search environment.
In: Library review. 54(2005) no.9, S.514-518.
Abstract: Purpose - To evaluate the extent to which familiarity with search topics affects the ways in which users select and browse search terms in a thesaurus-enhanced search setting. Design/methodology/approach - An experimental methodology was adopted to study users' search behaviour in an operational information retrieval environment. Findings - Topic familiarity and subject knowledge influence some search and interaction behaviours. Searches involving moderately and very familiar topics were associated with browsing around twice as many thesaurus terms as was the case for unfamiliar topics. Research limitations/implications - Some search behaviours such as thesaurus browsing and term selection could be used as an indication of user levels of topic familiarity. Practical implications - The results of this study provide design implications as to how to develop personalized search interfaces where users with varying levels of familiarity with search topics can carry out searches. Originality/value - This paper establishes the importance of topic familiarity characteristics and the effects of those characteristics on users' interaction with search interfaces enhanced with semantic tools such as thesauri.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00242530510629524.
Themenfeld: Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval ; Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus
11Shiri, A. ; Molberg, K.: Interfaces to knowledge organization systems in Canadian digital library collections.
In: Online information review. 29(2005) no.6, S.604-620.
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to report an investigation into the ways in which Canadian digital library collections have incorporated knowledge organization systems into their search interfaces. Design/methodology/approach - A combination of data-gathering techniques was used. These were as follows: a review of the literature related to the application of knowledge organization systems, deep scanning of Canadian governmental and academic institutions web sites on the web, identify and contact researchers in the area of knowledge organization, and identify and contact people in the governmental organizations who are involved in knowledge organization and information management. Findings - A total of 33 digital collections were identified that have made use of some type of knowledge organization system. Thesauri, subject heading lists and classification schemes were the widely used knowledge organization systems in the surveyed Canadian digital library collections. Research limitations/implications - The target population for this research was limited to governmental and academic digital library collections. Practical implications - An evaluation of the knowledge organization systems interfaces showed that searching, browsing and navigation facilities as well as bilingual features call for improvements. Originality/value - This research contributes to the following areas: digital libraries, knowledge organization systems and services and search interface design.
Themenfeld: Visualisierung ; Information Gateway
12Shiri, A.A. ; Revie, C.: End-user interaction with thesauri : an evaluation of cognitive overlap in search term selection.
In: Knowledge organization and the global information society: Proceedings of the 8th International ISKO Conference 13-16 July 2004, London, UK. Ed.: I.C. McIlwaine. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2004. S.233-238.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.9)
Abstract: The use of thesaurus-enhanced search tools is an the increase. This paper provides an insight into end-users interaction with and perceptions of such tools. In particular the overlap between users' initial query formulation and thesaurus structures is investigated. This investigation involved the performance of genuine search tasks an the CAB Abstracts database by academic users in the domain of veterinary medicine. The perception of these users regarding the nature and usefulness of the terms suggested from the thesaurus during the search interaction is reported. The results indicated that around 80% of terms entered were matched either exactly or partially to thesaurus terms. Users found over 90% of the terms suggested to be close to their search topics and where terms were selected they indicated that around 50% were to support a 'narrowing down' activity. These findings have implications for the design of thesaurus-enhanced interfaces.
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus ; Benutzerstudien ; Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval
13McCulloch, E. ; Shiri, A. ; Nicholson, A.D.: Subject searching requirements : the HILT II experience.
In: Library review. 53(2004) no.8, S.408-414.
Abstract: The HILT Phase II project aimed to develop a pilot terminologies server with a view to improving cross-sectoral information retrieval. In order to inform this process, it was first necessary to examine how a representative group of users approached a range of information-related tasks. This paper focuses on exploratory interviews conducted to investigate the proposed ideal and actual strategies of a group of 30 users in relation to eight separate information tasks. In addition, users were asked to give examples of search terms they may employ and to describe how they would formulate search queries in each scenario. The interview process undertaken and the results compiled are outlined, and associated implications for the development of a pilot terminologies server are discussed.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00242530410556247.
Themenfeld: Benutzerstudien ; Semantische Interoperabilität
14Shiri, A.: Digital library research : current developments and trends.
In: Library review. 52(2003) no.5, S.198-202.
Abstract: This column gives an overview of current trends in digital library research under the following headings: digital library architecture, systems, tools and technologies; digital content and collections; metadata; interoperability; standards; knowledge organisation systems; users and usability; legal, organisational, economic, and social issues in digital libraries.
Inhalt: Vgl. auch unter: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/00242530310476689.
Themenfeld: Information Gateway
15Shiri, A.A. ; Revie, C. ; Chowdhurry, G.: Assessing the impact of user interaction with thesaural knowledge structures : a quantitative analysis framework.
In: Challenges in knowledge representation and organization for the 21st century: Integration of knowledge across boundaries. Proceedings of the 7th ISKO International Conference Granada, Spain, July 10-13, 2002. Ed.: M. López-Huertas. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2003. S.493-499.
(Advances in knowledge organization; vol.8)
Abstract: Thesauri have been important information and knowledge organisation tools for more than three decades. The recent emergence and phenomenal growth of the World Wide Web has created new opportunities to introduce thesauri as information search and retrieval aids to end user communities. While the number of web-based and hypertextual thesauri continues to grow, few investigations have yet been carried out to evaluate how end-users, for whom all these efforts are ostensibly made, interact with and make use of thesauri for query building and expansion. The present paper reports a pilot study carried out to determine the extent to which a thesaurus-enhanced search interface to a web-based database aided end-users in their selection of search terms. The study also investigated the ways in which users interacted with the thesaurus structure, terms, and interface. Thesaurusbased searching and browsing behaviours adopted by users while interacting with the thesaurus-enhanced search interface were also examined. 1. Introduction The last decade has witnessed the emergence of a broad range of applications for knowledge structures in general and thesauri in particular. A number of researchers have predicted that thesauri will increasingly be used in retrieval rather than for indexing (Milstead, 1998; Aitchison et al., 1997) and that their application in information retrieval systems will become more diverse due to the growth of fulltext databases accessed over the Internet (Williamson, 2000). Some researchers have emphasised the need for tailoring the structure and content of thesauri as tools for end-user searching (Bates, 1986; Strong and Drott, 1986; Anderson and Rowley, 1991; Lopez-Huertas, 1997) while others have suggested thesaurus-enhanced user interfaces to support query formulation and expansion (Pollitt et.al., 1994; Jones et.al., 1995; Beaulieu, 1997). The recent phenomenal growth of the World Wide Web has created new opportunities to introduce thesauri as information search and retrieval aids to end user communities. While the number of web-based and hypertextual thesauri continues to grow, few investigations have been carried out to evaluate the ways in which end-users interact with and make use of online thesauri for query building and expansion. The work reported here expands an a pilot study (Shiri and Revie, 2001) carried out to investigate user - thesaurus interaction in the domains of biology and veterinary medicine.
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus ; Benutzerstudien
Wissenschaftsfach: Biologie ; Veterinärmedizin
17Shiri, A.A. ; Revie, C. ; Chowdhury, G.: Thesaurus-assisted search term selection and query expansion : a review of user-centred studies.
In: Knowledge organization. 29(2002) no.1, S.1-19.
Abstract: This paper provides a review of the literature related to the application of domain-specific thesauri in the search and retrieval process. Focusing an studies that adopt a user-centred approach, the review presents a survey of the methodologies and results from empirical studies undertaken an the use of thesauri as sources of term selection for query formulation and expansion during the search process. It summarises the ways in which domain-specific thesauri from different disciplines have been used by various types of users and how these tools aid users in the selection of search terms. The review consists of two main sections: first, studies an thesaurus-aided search term selection; and second, studies dealing with query expansion using thesauri. Both sections are illustrated with case studies that have adopted a user-centred approach.
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus ; Semantisches Umfeld in Indexierung u. Retrieval
19Shiri, A.A. ; Revie, C.: Thesauri on the Web : current developments and trends.
In: Online information review. 24(2000) no.4, S.273-279.
Abstract: This article provides an overview of recent developments relating to the application of thesauri in information organisation and retrieval on the World Wide Web. It describes some recent thesaurus projects undertaken to facilitate resource description and discovery and access to wide-ranging information resources on the Internet. Types of thesauri available on the Web, thesauri integrated in databases and information retrieval systems, and multiple-thesaurus systems for cross-database searching are also discussed. Collective efforts and events in addressing the standardisation and novel applications of thesauri are briefly reviewed.
Themenfeld: Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus ; Internet