Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 15. Juni 2019)
1Brown, D.J.: Access to scientific research : challenges facing communications in STM.
Berlin : De Gruyter Saur, 2016. XXII, 423 S.
(Global studies in libraries and information ; Volume 2)
Abstract: The debate about access to scientific research raises questions about the current effectiveness of scholarly communication processes. This book explores, from an independent point of view, the current state of the STM publishing market, new publishing technologies and business models as well as the information habit of researchers, the politics of research funders, and the demand for scientific research as a public good. The book also investigates the democratisation of science including how the information needs of knowledge workers outside academia can be embraced in future.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Chapter 1. Background -- Chapter 2. Definitions -- Chapter 3. Aims, Objectives, and Methodology -- Chapter 4. Setting the Scene -- Chapter 5. Information Society -- Chapter 6. Drivers for Change -- Chapter 7 A Dysfunctional STM Scene? -- Chapter 8. Comments on the Dysfunctionality of STM Publishing -- Chapter 9. The Main Stakeholders -- Chapter 10. Search and Discovery -- Chapter 11. Impact of Google -- Chapter 12. Psychological Issues -- Chapter 13. Users of Research Output -- Chapter 14. Underlying Sociological Developments -- Chapter 15. Social Media and Social Networking -- Chapter 16. Forms of Article Delivery -- Chapter 17. Future Communication Trends -- Chapter 18. Academic Knowledge Workers -- Chapter 19. Unaffiliated Knowledge Workers -- Chapter 20. The Professions -- Chapter 21. Small and Medium Enterprises -- Chapter 22. Citizen Scientists -- Chapter 23. Learned Societies -- Chapter 24. Business Models -- Chapter 25. Open Access -- Chapter 26. Political Initiatives -- Chapter 27. Summary and Conclusions -- Chapter 28. Research Questions Addressed
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST. 67(2017) no.8, S.2033-2034 (John M. Budd)
Themenfeld: Elektronisches Publizieren
LCSH: Communication in science ; Research / Methodology ; Science publishing ; Scholarly publishing
RSWK: Großbritannien / Wissenschaft / Forschungsergebnis / Veröffentlichung ; Großbritannien / Wissenschaftskommunikation
BK: 02.13 Wissenschaftspraxis ; 02.20 Wissenschaftsinformation ; 06.25 Buchhandel
DDC: 001.4 / DDC22ger
GHBS: AGG (SI)
RVK: AK 28400 ; AP 15950 ; MS 6950 ; AK 26800 ; AK 27000 ; AK 39500 ; AN 78950
2Börner, K.: Atlas of knowledge : anyone can map.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2015. XI, 211 S.
Inhalt: One of a series of three publications influenced by the travelling exhibit Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, curated by the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center at Indiana University. - Additional materials can be found at http://http://scimaps.org/atlas2. Erweitert durch: Börner, Katy. Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 67(2017) no.2, S.533-536 (White, H.D.).
Themenfeld: Wissensrepräsentation ; Visualisierung
LCSH: Information visualization ; Science / Atlases ; Statistics / Graphic methods ; Science / Study and teaching / Graphic methods ; Communication in science / Data processing ; Technical illustration ; Graph design
RSWK: Visualisierung / Wissen ; Gebrauchsgrafik / Wissen ; Wissen / Daten / Visualisierung / Gebrauchsgrafik / Informationsgrafik / Thematische Karte
BK: 02.10 Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft ; 21.37 Graphikdesign ; 74.37 Thematische Kartographie
DDC: 501/.154 / dc23
GHBS: JZN (E) ; TVV (E)
RVK: AK 20000 ; AP 15400 ; MQ 1400 ; RB 10214 ; ST 320 ; ZG 8640
3Boerner, K.: Atlas of science : visualizing what we know.
Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2010. XI, 254 S.
Abstract: Cartographic maps have guided our explorations for centuries, allowing us to navigate the world. Science maps have the potential to guide our search for knowledge in the same way, helping us navigate, understand, and communicate the dynamic and changing structure of science and technology. Allowing us to visualize scientific results, science maps help us make sense of the avalanche of data generated by scientific research today. Atlas of Science, features more than thirty full-page science maps, fifty data charts, a timeline of science-mapping milestones, and 500 color images; it serves as a sumptuous visual index to the evolution of modern science and as an introduction to "the science of science"--charting the trajectory from scientific concept to published results. Atlas of Science, based on the popular exhibit "Places & Spaces: Mapping Science," describes and displays successful mapping techniques. The heart of the book is a visual feast: Claudius Ptolemy's Cosmographia World Map from 1482; a guide to a PhD thesis that resembles a subway map; "the structure of science" as revealed in a map of citation relationships in papers published in 2002; a periodic table; a history flow visualization of the Wikipedia article on abortion; a globe showing the worldwide distribution of patents; a forecast of earthquake risk; hands-on science maps for kids; and many more. Each entry includes the story behind the map and biographies of its makers. Not even the most brilliant minds can keep up with today's deluge of scientific results. Science maps show us the landscape of what we know. Exhibition Ongoing National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. The Institute for Research Information and Quality Assurance, Bonn, Germany Storm Hall, San Diego State College
Inhalt: Vgl. ergänzend: Börner, K.: Atlas of knowledge: anyone can map. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 2015.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 62(2011) no.6, S.1212-1213 (Diane Rasmussen Neal)
LCSH: Atlases ; Classification of sciences ; Communication in science ; Data processing ; Digital mapping ; Science
RSWK: Visualisierung / Wissenschaft / Atlas ; Wissenschaftstheorie
BK: 02.13 / Wissenschaftspraxis ; 02.20 / Wissenschaftsinformation ; 02.02 / Wissenschaftstheorie ; 54.73 / Computergraphik
GHBS: MRJ (FH K)
RVK: AK 20000 ; MQ 1400 ; Q177 ; RB 10214 ; ST 320
4Wainer, H.: Picturing the uncertain world : how to understand, communicate, and control uncertainty through graphical display.
Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2009. XVIII, 244 S.
Abstract: In his entertaining and informative book "Graphic Discovery", Howard Wainer unlocked the power of graphical display to make complex problems clear. Now he's back with Picturing the Uncertain World, a book that explores how graphs can serve as maps to guide us when the information we have is ambiguous or incomplete. Using a visually diverse sampling of graphical display, from heartrending autobiographical displays of genocide in the Kovno ghetto to the 'Pie Chart of Mystery' in a "New Yorker" cartoon, Wainer illustrates the many ways graphs can be used - and misused - as we try to make sense of an uncertain world. "Picturing the Uncertain World" takes readers on an extraordinary graphical adventure, revealing how the visual communication of data offers answers to vexing questions yet also highlights the measure of uncertainty in almost everything we do. Are cancer rates higher or lower in rural communities? How can you know how much money to sock away for retirement when you don't know when you'll die? And where exactly did nineteenth-century novelists get their ideas? These are some of the fascinating questions Wainer invites readers to consider. Along the way he traces the origins and development of graphical display, from William Playfair, who pioneered the use of graphs in the eighteenth century, to instances today where the public has been misled through poorly designed graphs. We live in a world full of uncertainty, yet it is within our grasp to take its measure. Read "Picturing the Uncertain World" and learn how.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 61(2010) no.4, S. 853-854 (L. Wilkinson)
LCSH: Uncertainty (Information theory) / Graphic methods ; Communication in science / Graphic methods
RSWK: Statistik / Unsicherheit / Graphische Darstellung (BVB)
BK: 31.73 / Mathematische Statistik
DDC: 003/.54 / dc22
LCC: Q375 .W35 2009
RVK: QH 200
5Willinsky, J.: ¬The access principle : the case for open access to research and scholarship.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2006. xv, 287 S.
(Digital libraries and electronic publishing)
Abstract: An argument for extending the circulation of knowledge with new publishing technologies considers scholarly, economic, philosophical, and practical issues. Questions about access to scholarship go back farther than recent debates over subscription prices, rights, and electronic archives suggest. The great libraries of the past - from the fabled collection at Alexandria to the early public libraries of nineteenth-century America - stood as arguments for increasing access. In The Access Principle, John Willinsky describes the latest chapter in this ongoing story - online open access publishing by scholarly journals - and makes a case for open access as a public good. A commitment to scholarly work, writes Willinsky, carries with it a responsibility to circulate that work as widely as possible: this is the access principle. In the digital age, that responsibility includes exploring new publishing technologies and economic models to improve access to scholarly work. Wide circulation adds value to published work; it is a significant aspect of its claim to be knowledge. The right to know and the right to be known are inextricably mixed. Open access, argues Willinsky, can benefit both a researcher-author working the best-equipped lab at a leading research university and a teacher struggling to find resources in an impoverished high school. Willinsky describes different types of access - the New England Journal of Medicine, for example, grants open access to issues six months after initial publication, and First Monday forgoes a print edition and makes its contents immediately accessible at no cost. He discusses the contradictions of copyright law, the reading of research, and the economic viability of open access. He also considers broader themes of public access to knowledge, human rights issues, lessons from publishing history, and "epistemological vanities." The debate over open access, writes Willinsky, raises crucial questions about the place of scholarly work in a larger world - and about the future of knowledge.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 58(2007) no.9, S.1386 (L.A. Ennis): "Written by John Willinsky. Pacific Press Professor of Literacy and Technology at the University of British Columbia and Open Journals Systems Software des eloper. the eighth hook in the Digital Libraries and Electronic Publishing series (edited by William Y. Arms) provides a compelling and convincing argument in favor of open access. At the core of this work is Willinsky's "access principle." a commitment that "research carries with it a responsibility to extend circulation of such work as far as possible and ideally to all who are interested in it and all who might profit from it" (p.xii). One by one Willinsky tackles the obstacles. both real and perceived, to open access. succeeding in his goal to "inform and inspire a larger debate over the political and moral economy of knowledge" (p.xiv). The author does note the irony of publishing a hook while advocating for open access, but points out that he does so to reach a larger audience. Willinsky also points out that most of the chapters' earlier versions can be found in open-access journals and on his Web site (http://www.11ed.educubc.ca/faculty/willinsky.html). The Access Principle is organized topically into thirteen chapters covering a broad range of practical and theoretical issues. Taken together. these chapters provide the reader with an excellent introduction to the open-access debate as well as all the potential benefits and possible impacts of the open-access movement. The author also includes six appendices. with information on metadata and indexing. os er twenty pages of references, and an index. ... All of Willinsky's arguments arc convincing and heartfelt. It is apparent throughout the hook that the author deeply believes in the principles behind open access. and his passion and conviction come through in the work. making the hook a thought-provoking and very interesting read. While he offers numerous examples to illustrate his points throughout the work. he does not. however. offer solutions or state that he has all the answers. In that, he succeeds in his goal to craft a hook that "informs and inspires. As a result, The Access Principle is an important read for information professionals, researchers, and academics of all kinds, whether or not the reader agrees with Willinsky."
Themenfeld: Elektronisches Publizieren
LCSH: Open access publishing ; Scholarly electronic publishing ; Science publishing ; Libraries and electronic publishing ; Communication in learning and scholarship ; Communication in science
RSWK: Wissenschaft / Zugriff / Elektronische Publikation ; Forschung / Zugriff / Elektronische Publikation ; Elektronisches Publizieren / Open Access ; Forschung / Veröffentlichung / Open Access (SWB) ; Wissenschaftlicher Verlag / Elektronisches Publizieren / Kommunikationswissenschaft (BVB)
BK: 02.13 / Wissenschaftspraxis
DDC: 070.5/797 / dc22
LCC: Z286.O63W55 2006
RVK: AP 25280 Allgemeines / Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaften, Kommunikationsdesign / Zeitungswissenschaft / Zeitschriftentypologie / Wissenschaftliche Zeitschriften ; AK 39620 Allgemeines / Wissenschaftskunde und Wissenschaftsorganisation / Technik der wissenschaftlichen Arbeit / Editionstechnik ; AN 96300 Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft / Informationswissenschaft / Informationsvermittlung, Informationsplanung / Wissensverbreitung, Informationsfluß ; AK 28400 Allgemeines / Wissenschaftskunde und Wissenschaftsorganisation / Wissenschaftspraxis / Informationen, Kontakte, Austausch, Technologietransfer
6Hars, A.: From publishing to knowledge networks : reinventing online knowledge infrastructures.
Berlin : Springer, 2003. XVIII, 211 S.
Abstract: Today's publishing infrastructure is rapidly changing. As electronic journals, digital libraries, collaboratories, logic servers, and other knowledge infrastructures emerge an the internet, the key aspects of this transformation need to be identified. Knowledge is becoming increasingly dynamic and integrated. Instead of writing self-contained articles, authors are turning to the new practice of embedding their findings into dynamic networks of knowledge. Here, the author details the implications that this transformation is having an the creation, dissemination and organization of academic knowledge. The author Shows that many established publishing principles need to be given up in order to facilitate this transformation. The text provides valuable insights for knowledge managers, designers of internet-based knowledge infrastructures, and professionals in the publishing industry. Researchers will find the scenarios and implications for research processes stimulating and thought-provoking.
Themenfeld: Information Resources Management ; Elektronisches Publizieren
LCSH: Science publishing / Technological innovations ; Scholarly electronic publishing ; Science / Periodicals ; Electronic journals ; Communication in science / Technological innovations ; Learning and scholarship / Technological innovations ; Science / Methodology ; Science / Philosophy ; Digital libraries ; Information technology
RSWK: Online-Publizieren ; Wissensmanagement / Online-Publizieren (GBV) ; Wissen / Informationstechnik (BVB) ; Wissen / Digitalisierung / Infrastruktur (BVB) ; Information Engineering / Wissensmanagement (BVB)
BK: 06.74 / Informationssysteme
GHBS: PVK (W) ; ALR (W) ; BCA (FH K)
LCC: Z286.S37H36 2003