Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 15. Juni 2019)
1Wu, T.: ¬The master switch : the rise and fall of information empires.4. printing.
New York : Knopf, 2011. X, 366 S.
(A Borzoi book)
Abstract: In this age of an open Internet, it is easy to forget that every American information industry, beginning with the telephone, has eventually been taken captive by some ruthless monopoly or cartel. With all our media now traveling a single network, an unprecedented potential is building for centralized control over what Americans see and hear. Could history repeat itself with the next industrial consolidation? Could the Internet-the entire flow of American information-come to be ruled by one corporate leviathan in possession of "the master switch"? That is the big question of Tim Wu's pathbreaking book. As Wu's sweeping history shows, each of the new media of the twentieth century-radio, telephone, television, and film-was born free and open. Each invited unrestricted use and enterprising experiment until some would-be mogul battled his way to total domination. Here are stories of an uncommon will to power, the power over information: Adolph Zukor, who took a technology once used as commonly as YouTube is today and made it the exclusive prerogative of a kingdom called Hollywood . . . NBC's founder, David Sarnoff, who, to save his broadcast empire from disruptive visionaries, bullied one inventor (of electronic television) into alcoholic despair and another (this one of FM radio, and his boyhood friend) into suicide . . . And foremost, Theodore Vail, founder of the Bell System, the greatest information empire of all time, and a capitalist whose faith in Soviet-style central planning set the course of every information industry thereafter. Explaining how invention begets industry and industry begets empire-a progress often blessed by government, typically with stifling consequences for free expression and technical innovation alike-Wu identifies a time-honored pattern in the maneuvers of today's great information powers: Apple, Google, and an eerily resurgent AT&T. A battle royal looms for the Internet's future, and with almost every aspect of our lives now dependent on that network, this is one war we dare not tune out. Part industrial exposé, part meditation on what freedom requires in the information age, The Master Switch is a stirring illumination of a drama that has played out over decades in the shadows of our national life and now culminates with terrifying implications for our future.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 62(2011) no.12, S.2504-2543 (C. Leslie)
LCSH: Telecommunication / History ; Information technology / History ; Mass media / History
RSWK: USA / Textkommunikation / Informationstechnik / Internet / Massenmedien / Monopol / Unternehmenskonzentration
BK: 3.79 / Wirtschaftssektoren: Sonstiges
GHBS: KLE (FH K)
LCC: HE7631 .W8 2011
RVK: AP 17760 ; AP 13300
2Buckland, M.K.: Emanuel Goldberg and his knowledge machine : information, invention, and political forces.
Westport, Conn. : Libraries Unlimited, 2006. xiii, 380 S.
(New directions in information management)
Abstract: This book tells the story of Emanuel Goldberg, a chemist, inventor, and industrialist who contributed to almost every aspect of imaging technology in the first half of the 20th century. An incredible story emerges as Buckland unearths forgotten documents and rogue citations to show that Goldberg created the first desktop search engine, developed microdot technology, and designed the famous Contax 35 mm camera. It is a fascinating tribute to a great mind and a crucial period in the history of information science and technology.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 63(2012) no.2, S.427-428 (Thomas Haigh)
Themenfeld: Information ; Biographische Darstellungen ; Geschichte der Sacherschließung
LCSH: Goldberg, Emanuel, 1881 / 1970 ; Information technology / History ; Inventors / Biography
RSWK: Information und Dokumentation / Informationstechnik / Geschichte ; Goldberg, Emanuel / Biographie
BK: 06.01 / Geschichte des Informations- und Dokumentationswesens ; 54.01 / Geschichte der Informatik ; 02.01 / Geschichte der Wissenschaft und Kultur ; 06.44 / IuD-Einrichtungen
DDC: 004.1/9 B
LCC: T58.5 .B83 2006
RVK: ZG 8000 ; SR 800 ; ST 110
3Levinson, P.: ¬The soft edge : a natural history and future of the information revolution.
London : Routledge, 1997. xviii, 257 S.
Abstract: According to Paul Levinson, it would be improper to portray information technology as the cause of change in our world. However, Levinson clarifies that its role in enabling change can hardly be overestimated. He also points out--through riveting examples--that inventions have unintended consequences and uses. Why is it, for example, that the move from polytheism to monotheism failed when attempted by the pharaoh Ikhnaton, yet took solid root among the Hebrews who were taken out of Egypt by Moses only about 150 years later? Levinson argues that communication technology played a key role: The awkward Egyptian hieroglyphics failed to carry the ideology as well as the Hebrew alphabetic system. From there, Levinson examines the early social changes that became possible because of what the author calls "the first digital medium"--the alphabet. He considers how the Reformation, economic and political movements, and the scientific revolution were largely enabled by the printing press. He then discusses the influence of photographic communications and electronic technology such as the telegraph, the telephone, and broadcasting. Levinson devotes the second half of the book to our present digital revolution, from word processing to the Internet and beyond. One of his key points is that new technology doesn't necessarily displace the old so much as it expands it. Therefore, he doesn't see any end to using paper anytime soon. However, he sees great need for changes in the way we view creative rights. He proposes what he calls an"electronic watermark" for intellectual property--a universal patent number that will be embedded in intellectual property and will notify users in any medium of the property's creators. Levinson puts forth his ideas in a manner that is both formal and engaging. He has a knack for making his reader feel intelligent and respected--and never more so than when he looks at issues of ethics and a speculative future.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Managing information 4(1997) no.11, S.41 (M. Duncan)
LCSH: Information technology / Social aspects ; Information technology / History ; Information technology / Forecasting
RSWK: Informationstechnik / Geschichte ; Informationstechnik / Prognose
BK: 06.30 / Bibliothekswesen / Dokumentationswesen: Allgemeines ; 05.38 / Neue elektronische Medien
DDC: 302.23 / dc21
LCC: T58.5.L385 1997
RVK: SR 800 Informatik / Nachschlagewerke. Didaktik / Allgemeines, Nachschlagewerke, Ausbildung / Geschichte der Datenverarbeitung