Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 16. Dezember 2019)
1Willer, M. ; Dunsire, G.: Bibliographic information organization in the Semantic Web.
Oxford : Chandos Publishing, 2013. XXXII, 318 S.
(Chandos information professional series)
Abstract: New technologies will underpin the future generation of library catalogues. To facilitate their role providing information, serving users, and fulfilling their mission as cultural heritage and memory institutions, libraries must take a technological leap; their standards and services must be transformed to those of the Semantic Web. Bibliographic Information Organization in the Semantic Web explores the technologies that may power future library catalogues, and argues the necessity of such a leap. The text introduces international bibliographic standards and models, and fundamental concepts in their representation in the context of the Semantic Web. Subsequent chapters cover bibliographic information organization, linked open data, methodologies for publishing library metadata, discussion of the wider environment (museum, archival and publishing communities) and users, followed by a conclusion.
Themenfeld: Semantic Web ; Formalerschließung
LCSH: Machine / readable bibliographic data ; Semantic Web
RSWK: Bibliografische Daten / Informationsmanagement / Semantic Web / Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records ; Bibliografische Daten / Semantic Web / Metadaten / Linked Data
BK: 06.70 Katalogisierung Bestandserschließung
GHBS: BBVB (FH K)
RVK: AN 96100
2Anderson, J.D. ; Perez-Carballo, J.: Information retrieval design : principles and options for information description, organization, display, and access in information retrieval databases, digital libraries, catalogs, and indexes.
St. Petersburg, FL : Ometeca Institute, 2005. 617 S.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Chapters 2 to 5: Scopes, Domains, and Display Media (pp. 47-102) Chapters 6 to 8: Documents, Analysis, and Indexing (pp. 103-176) Chapters 9 to 10: Exhaustivity and Specificity (pp. 177-196) Chapters 11 to 13: Displayed/Nondisplayed Indexes, Syntax, and Vocabulary Management (pp. 197-364) Chapters 14 to 16: Surrogation, Locators, and Surrogate Displays (pp. 365-390) Chapters 17 and 18: Arrangement and Size of Displayed Indexes (pp. 391-446) Chapters 19 to 21: Search Interface, Record Format, and Full-Text Display (pp. 447-536) Chapter 22: Implementation and Evaluation (pp. 537-541)
Anmerkung: Rez. in JASIST 57(2006) no.10, S.1412-1413 (R. W. White): "Information Retrieval Design is a textbook that aims to foster the intelligent user-centered design of databases for Information Retrieval (IR). The book outlines a comprehensive set of 20 factors. chosen based on prior research and the authors' experiences. that need to he considered during the design process. The authors provide designers with information on those factors to help optimize decision making. The book does not cover user-needs assessment, implementation of IR databases, or retries al systems, testing. or evaluation. Most textbooks in IR do not offer a substantive walkthrough of the design factors that need to be considered Mien des eloping IR databases. Instead. they focus on issues such as the implementation of data structures, the explanation of search algorithms, and the role of human-machine interaction in the search process. The book touches on all three, but its focus is on designing databases that can be searched effectively. not the tools to search them. This is an important distinction: despite its title. this book does not describe how to build retrieval systems. Professor Anderson utilizes his wealth of experience in cataloging and classification to bring a unique perspective on IR database design that may be useful for novices. for developers seeking to make sense of the design process, and for students as a text to supplement classroom tuition. The foreword and preface. by Jessica Milstead and James Anderson. respectively, are engaging and worthwhile reading. It is astounding that it has taken some 20 years for anyone to continue the stork of Milstead and write as extensively as Anderson does about such an important issue as IR database design. The remainder of the book is divided into two parts: Introduction and Background Issues and Design Decisions. Part 1 is a reasonable introduction and includes a glossary of the terminology that authors use in the book. It is very helpful to have these definitions early on. but the subject descriptors in the right margin are distracting and do not serve their purpose as access points to the text. The terminology is useful to have. as the authors definitions of concepts do not lit exactly with what is traditionally accepted in IR. For example. they use the term 'message' to icier to what would normally be called .'document" or "information object." and do not do a good job at distinguishing between "messages" and "documentary units". Part 2 describes components and attributes of 1R databases to help designers make design choices. The book provides them with information about the potential ramifications of their decisions and advocates a user-oriented approach to making them. Chapters are arranged in a seemingly sensible order based around these factors. and the authors remind us of the importance of integrating them. The authors are skilled at selecting the important factors in the development of seemingly complex entities, such as IR databases: how es er. the integration of these factors. or the interaction between them. is not handled as well as perhaps should be. Factors are presented in the order in which the authors feel then should be addressed. but there is no chapter describing how the factors interact. The authors miss an opportunity at the beginning of Part 2 where they could illustrate using a figure the interactions between the 20 factors they list in a way that is not possible with the linear structure of the book. ; . . . Those interested in using the book to design IR databases can work through the chapters in the order provided and end up with a set of requirements for database design. The steps outlined in this book can be rearranged in numerous orders depending on the particular circumstances. This book would benefit from a discussion of what orders are appropriate for different circumstances and bow the requirements outlined interact. I come away from Information Retrieval Design with mixed, although mainly positive feelings. Even though the aims of this book are made clear from the outset, it was still a disappointment to see issues such as implementation and evaluation covered in only a cursory manner. The book is very well structured. well written, and operates in a part of the space that bas been neglected for too long. The authors whet my appetite with discussion of design, and I would have liked to have heard a bit more about what happens in requirements' elicitation before the design issues base been identified and to impIementation after they have been addressed. Overall, the book is a comprehensive review of previous research supplemented by the authors' views on IR design. This book focuses on breadth of coverage rather than depth of coverage and is therefore potentially of more use to novices in the field. The writing style is clear, and the authors knowledge of the subject area is undoubted. I wouId recommend this book to anyone who wants to learn about IR database design and take advantage of the experience and insights of Anderson, one of tile visionaries it the field."
LCSH: Information retrieval ; Information storage and retrieval systems / Design. ; Machine / readable bibliographic data ; Information organization
LCC: Z699.A65 2005
3Intner, S.S. ; Lazinger, S.S. ; Weihs, J.: Metadata and its impact on libraries.
Littleton, Colo. : Libraries Unlimited, 2005. V, 262 S.
(Library and information science text series)
Abstract: Three experts of the cataloguing world tackle the topic of metadata, explaining fundamental concepts and their accompanying rationales, as well as exploring current developments and future innovations.
Inhalt: What is metadata? - Metadata schemas & their relationships to particular communities - Library and information-related metadata schemas - Creating library metadata for monographic materials - Creating library metadata for continuing materials - Integrating library metadata into local cataloging and bibliographic - databases - Digital collections/digital libraries - Archiving & preserving digital materials - Impact of digital resources on library services - Future possibilities
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST. 58(2007) no.6., S.909-910 (A.D. Petrou): "A division in metadata definitions for physical objects vs. those for digital resources offered in Chapter 1 is punctuated by the use of broader, more inclusive metadata definitions, such as data about data as well as with the inclusion of more specific metadata definitions intended for networked resources. Intertwined with the book's subject matter, which is to "distinguish traditional cataloguing from metadata activity" (5), the authors' chosen metadata definition is also detailed on page 5 as follows: Thus while granting the validity of the inclusive definition, we concentrate primarily on metadata as it is most commonly thought of both inside and outside of the library community, as "structured information used to find, access, use and manage information resources primarily in a digital environment." (International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science, 2003) Metadata principles discussed by the authors include modularity, extensibility, refinement and multilingualism. The latter set is followed by seven misconceptions about metadata. Two types of metadata discussed are automatically generated indexes and manually created records. In terms of categories of metadata, the authors present three sets of them as follows: descriptive, structural, and administrative metadata. Chapter 2 focuses on metadata for communities of practice, and is a prelude to content in Chapter 3 where metadata applications, use, and development are presented from the perspective of libraries. Chapter 2 discusses the emergence and impact of metadata on organization and access of online resources from the perspective of communities for which such standards exist and for the need for mapping one standard to another. Discussion focuses on metalanguages, such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and eXtensible Markup Language (XML), "capable of embedding descriptive elements within the document markup itself' (25). This discussion falls under syntactic interoperability. For semantic interoperability, HTML and other mark-up languages, such as Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) and Computer Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI), are covered. For structural interoperability, Dublin Core's 15 metadata elements are grouped into three areas: content (title, subject, description, type, source, relation, and coverage), intellectual property (creator, publisher, contributor and rights), and instantiation (date, format, identifier, and language) for discussion. ; Other selected specialized metadata element sets or schemas, such as Government Information Locator Service (GILS), are presented. Attention is brought to the different sets of elements and the need for linking up these elements across metadata schemes from a semantic point of view. It is no surprise, then, that after the presentation of additional specialized sets of metadata from the educational community and the arts sector, attention is turned to the discussion of Crosswalks between metadata element sets or the mapping of one metadata standard to another. Finally, the five appendices detailing elements found in Dublin Core, GILS, ARIADNE versions 3 and 3. 1, and Categories for the Description of Works of Art are an excellent addition to this chapter's focus on metadata and communities of practice. Chapters 3-6 provide an up-to-date account of the use of metadata standards in Libraries from the point of view of a community of practice. Some of the content standards included in these four chapters are AACR2, Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), and Library of Congress Subject Classification. In addition, uses of MARC along with planned implementations of the archival community's encoding scheme, EAD, are covered in detail. In a way, content in these chapters can be considered as a refresher course on the history, current state, importance, and usefulness of the above-mentioned standards in Libraries. Application of the standards is offered for various types of materials, such as monographic materials, continuing resources, and integrating library metadata into local catalogs and databases. A review of current digital library projects takes place in Chapter 7. While details about these projects tend to become out of date fast, the sections on issues and problems encountered in digital projects and successes and failures deserve any reader's close inspection. A suggested model is important enough to merit a specific mention below, in a short list format, as it encapsulates lessons learned from issues, problems, successes, and failures in digital projects. Before detailing the model, however, the various projects included in Chapter 7 should be mentioned. The projects are: Colorado Digitization Project, Cooperative Online Resource Catalog (an Office of Research project by OCLC, Inc.), California Digital Library, JSTOR, LC's National Digital Library Program and VARIATIONS. ; Chapter 8 discusses issues of archiving and preserving digital materials. The chapter reiterates, "What is the point of all of this if the resources identified and catalogued are not preserved?" (Gorman, 2003, p. 16). Discussion about preservation and related issues is organized in five sections that successively ask why, what, who, how, and how much of the plethora of digital materials should be archived and preserved. These are not easy questions because of media instability and technological obsolescence. Stakeholders in communities with diverse interests compete in terms of which community or representative of a community has an authoritative say in what and how much get archived and preserved. In discussing the above-mentioned questions, the authors once again provide valuable information and lessons from a number of initiatives in Europe, Australia, and from other global initiatives. The Draft Charter on the Preservation of the Digital Heritage and the Guidelines for the Preservation of Digital Heritage, both published by UNESCO, are discussed and some of the preservation principles from the Guidelines are listed. The existing diversity in administrative arrangements for these new projects and resources notwithstanding, the impact on content produced for online reserves through work done in digital projects and from the use of metadata and the impact on levels of reference services and the ensuing need for different models to train users and staff is undeniable. In terms of education and training, formal coursework, continuing education, and informal and on-the-job training are just some of the available options. The intensity in resources required for cataloguing digital materials, the questions over the quality of digital resources, and the threat of the new digital environment to the survival of the traditional library are all issues quoted by critics and others, however, who are concerned about a balance for planning and resources allocated for traditional or print-based resources and newer digital resources. A number of questions are asked as part of the book's conclusions in Chapter 10. Of these questions, one that touches on all of the rest and upon much of the book's content is the question: What does the future hold for metadata in libraries? Metadata standards are alive and well in many communities of practice, as Chapters 2-6 have demonstrated. The usefulness of metadata continues to be high and innovation in various elements should keep information professionals engaged for decades to come. There is no doubt that metadata have had a tremendous impact in how we organize information for access and in terms of who, how, when, and where contact is made with library services and collections online. Planning and commitment to a diversity of metadata to serve the plethora of needs in communities of practice are paramount for the continued success of many digital projects and for online preservation of our digital heritage."
Themenfeld: Metadaten ; Formalerschließung
LCSH: Metadata ; Information organization ; Cataloging / Standards ; Cataloging of electronic information resources ; Cataloging of integrating resources ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Machine / readable bibliographic data formats ; Electronic information resources / Management ; Digital preservation ; Digital libraries
RSWK: Bibliothek / Elektronische Publikation / Metadaten
BK: 06.70 Katalogisierung ; 06.74 Informationssysteme
DDC: 025.3 / dc22
LCC: Z666.7.I58 2006
4Subcommittee on the Display of Subject Headings in Subject Indexes in OPACs, Subject Analysis Committee, Cataloging and Classification Section, ALCTS, ALA (Hrsg.): Yee, M.: Headings for tomorrow : public access display of subject headings.
Chicago : ALA, 1992. xix, 51 S.
Abstract: This short guide is intended to help librarians and OPAC system designers to make decisions about the design of displays of more than one subject heading. The authors stress that they offer guidance rather than standards or prescriptions; their clear prose is cautious and even the number of recommendations is limited. A 12-page introduction contrasts the "structural approach" and "strict alphabetical approach" to filing, showing examples and stating arguments for each. 7 chapters cover display of subdivisions, inverted headings, display of qualified headings, arrangement of numerical headings, display of subjects interfiled with names and titles, punctuation and messages to the user. Within each chapter, questions involving choices between two or more approaches are followed by brief statements of current practice (LC rules, ALA rules, and systems in existing OPACs) extensive examples demonstrating such choices, and arguments for and against each. The authors warn against ever assuming that the user knows the needed subject headings, and acknowledge that the best OPAC design often depends on the setting and on the user's understanding of the system. Although the topic may be beyond the purview of the authoring committee, the discussion here makes one yearn for interactive OPACs that can analyze the user's needs and provide appropriate guidance to whatever system is adopted
Anmerkung: Hinweis in: Journal of academic librarianship 18(1993) no.6, S.401
LCSH: Online library catalogs / Subject access / Standards / United States ; Subject headings, Library of Congress / Evaluation ; Information display systems / Formatting ; Machine / readable bibliographic data ; Subject cataloging / Data processing ; Online bibliographic searching
/ Library of Congress / Schlagwortkatalogisierung / Online-Katalog (D)
BK: 06.70 / Katalogisierung / Bestandserschließung
5Aluri, R.D. ; Kemp, A. ; Boll, J.J.: Subject analysis in online catalogs.
Englewood, CO : Libraries Unlimited, 1991. XII,303 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Technical services quarterly. 9(1992) no.3, S.87-88 (H.L. Hoerman); Knowledge organization 20(1993) no.3, S.165-166 (O. Oberhauser); JASIS 44(1993) S.593 (D. Vizine-Goetz) ; 2. Aufl. unter: Olson, H.A., J.J. Boll: Subject access in online catalogs. 2nd ed. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited 2001. xv, 333 S. ISBN 1-56308-800-2
Themenfeld: Klassifikationssysteme im Online-Retrieval ; Verbale Doksprachen im Online-Retrieval
LCSH: Catalogs, On / line / Subject access ; Subject cataloguing / Data processing ; Machine / readable bibliographic data ; Information retrieval
DDC: 025.3'132 / dc20
LCC: Z699.35.S92A46 1990
6Stephan, W. (Hrsg.): ¬Die Schlagwortnormdatei: Entwicklungsstand und Nutzungsmöglichkeiten : Vorträge eines Kolloquiums zur Schlagwortnormdatei (SWD) in Frankfurt a.M. am 5. und 6.10.1990. Zusammengestellt u. hrsg. von Werner Stephan.
Berlin : Dbi, 1990. 179 S.
(dbi-Materialien, Bd. 90)
Abstract: Der Band enthält verschiedene Beiträge zur kooperativen Pflege der Schlagwortnormdatei, ihrer Nutzung in verschiedenen Katalog- und Verbundumgebungen, der Nutzung von SWD-Einträgen (RSWK-Schlagwörtern) für Online-Kataloge sowie verwandter Themenstellungen.
Inhalt: Enthält die Beiträge: KELM, B. u. M. KUNZ: Die SWD als Arbeitsinstrument für die Sacherschließung der Deutschen Bibliothek und die CD-ROM-Ausgabe der Deutschen Bibliographie als Beispiel für einen OPAC mit RSWK-Ketten; GÖDERT, W.: Aufbereitung und Recherche von nach RSWK gebildeten Daten in der CD-ROM Ausgabe der Deutschen Bibliographie; STEPHAN, W.: Kooperative Dateiführung und redaktionelle Aufgaben der Deutschen Bibliothek; GEIßELMANN, F.: Aus der Arbeit der zentralen Redaktion des bayerischen Verbundes für die SWD; SCHUBERT, H.J.: Aus der Arbeit der zentralen Redaktion München des bayerischen Verbundes für die SWD; TRAISER, W.: Derzeitiger Stand der SWD-Systematisierung und erste Überlegungen zu ihrer Weiterentwicklung; LOTH, K.: Strukturierung der Schlagworte der Schlagwortnormdatei; RINN; R.: Beziehungen zu anderen Normdateien bzw. Normdaten; AUER, G.: EDV-Einsatz und Sacherschließung an den österreichischen wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken; HÖHNE, H.: Überlegungen über eine mögliche Anwendung der RSWK sowie Mitwirkung an der SWD seitens der Deutschen Bücherei; BEAUJEAN, M.: Nutzung der DB-Dienstleistungen bei den Stadtbüchereien Hannover; GALSTERER, B.: Stadtbüchereien Düsseldorf und Großstadtbibliotheken in NRW; NOWAK, C.G.: Nutzung der SWD und der RSWK-Ketten durch BAIS in der Stadtbücherei Bochum (AKD); BRAKE-GERLACH, U. Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem Oldenburg; SCHWAN-MICHELS, R.: Gemeinsame Schlagwortkatalogisierung nach RSWK im HBZ-Verbund; SCHMITT, G.: Zur Nutzung der Schlagwortnormdatei (SWD) an der UB Kaiserslautern; SAEVECKE, R.-D.: Situationsbericht betreffend Einsatz von RSWK und SWD im Hessischen Bibliotheksinformationssystem HEBIS-KAT.- Enthält ebenfalls eine Abschlußdiskussion und eine Abschlußstellungnahme der Deutschen Bibliothek (S.176-179)
Anmerkung: Rez. in: International classification 18(1991) S.56-58 (W. Bies); ZfBB 38(1991) S.386-388 (H. Vogeler); BuB 42(1990) S.788-789 (H. Nohr); Mitteilungsblatt. VdB NRW 40(1990) S.280 (G. Hartwieg); Mitteilungen der VÖB 43(1990) S.151-152 (A. Schmidt)
Themenfeld: Regeln für den Schlagwortkatalog (RSWK)
LCSH: Subject cataloging / Germany / Data processing / Congresses ; Machine / readable bibliographic data / Germany / Congresses ; Subject headings, German / Congresses
/ Kongress; Deutschland / Bibliothek / Schlagwortnormdatei / Entwicklung (ÖVK) ; Schlagwortnormdatei / Aufsatzsammlung (ÖVK) ; Regeln für den Schlagwortkatalog / Aufsatzsammlung (ÖVK) ; Bibliothek / Bestandserschließung / Schlagwortnormdatei / Fachkunde (ÖVK) ; Schlagwortnormdatei «Werk» / Kongress / Frankfurt «Main, 1989» (BVB) ; Regeln für den Schlagwortkatalog / Kongreß / Frankfurt «Main, 1989» (BVB)
BK: 06.70 / Katalogisierung / Bestandserschließung
Eppelsheimer: Bib A 391 / Schlagwort
SFB: BID 5 ; BID 682
GHBS: AVL (DU) ; BAHW (FH K)
KAB: BF F 435.34 ; BF F 435.34
LCC: Z699.35.S92S35 1990
RVK: AN 75400 Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft / Bibliothekswesen / Sacherschließung in Bibliotheken / Schlagwortregeln, Schlagwortverzeichnis ; AN 50200 Allgemeines / Buch- und Bibliothekswesen, Informationswissenschaft / Bibliothekswesen / Bibliographien, Sammelschriften / Schriftenreihen (Indiv.-Sign.)
7Cochrane, P.A.: Redesign of catalogs and indexes for improved subject access : selected papers of Pauline A. Cochrane.
Phoenix : Oryx Pr., 1985. xii, 484 S.
LCSH: Online library catalogs / Subject access ; Machine / readable bibliographic data ; Subject cataloging / Data processing ; Online bibliographic searching ; Indexing / Data processing ; Catalogs, Subject
RSWK: Online-Literaturrecherche / Schlagwortkatalog (BVB)
DDC: 025.4/9/02854 / dc19
LCC: Z695.C647 1985
RVK: AN 75300