Diese Datenbank enthält über 40.000 Dokumente zu Themen aus den Bereichen Formalerschließung – Inhaltserschließung – Information Retrieval.
© 2015 W. Gödert, TH Köln, Institut für Informationswissenschaft / Powered by litecat, BIS Oldenburg (Stand: 03. März 2020)
1Brown, D.J.: Access to scientific research : challenges facing communications in STM.
Berlin : De Gruyter Saur, 2016. XXII, 423 S.
(Global studies in libraries and information ; Volume 2)
Abstract: The debate about access to scientific research raises questions about the current effectiveness of scholarly communication processes. This book explores, from an independent point of view, the current state of the STM publishing market, new publishing technologies and business models as well as the information habit of researchers, the politics of research funders, and the demand for scientific research as a public good. The book also investigates the democratisation of science including how the information needs of knowledge workers outside academia can be embraced in future.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Chapter 1. Background -- Chapter 2. Definitions -- Chapter 3. Aims, Objectives, and Methodology -- Chapter 4. Setting the Scene -- Chapter 5. Information Society -- Chapter 6. Drivers for Change -- Chapter 7 A Dysfunctional STM Scene? -- Chapter 8. Comments on the Dysfunctionality of STM Publishing -- Chapter 9. The Main Stakeholders -- Chapter 10. Search and Discovery -- Chapter 11. Impact of Google -- Chapter 12. Psychological Issues -- Chapter 13. Users of Research Output -- Chapter 14. Underlying Sociological Developments -- Chapter 15. Social Media and Social Networking -- Chapter 16. Forms of Article Delivery -- Chapter 17. Future Communication Trends -- Chapter 18. Academic Knowledge Workers -- Chapter 19. Unaffiliated Knowledge Workers -- Chapter 20. The Professions -- Chapter 21. Small and Medium Enterprises -- Chapter 22. Citizen Scientists -- Chapter 23. Learned Societies -- Chapter 24. Business Models -- Chapter 25. Open Access -- Chapter 26. Political Initiatives -- Chapter 27. Summary and Conclusions -- Chapter 28. Research Questions Addressed
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST. 67(2017) no.8, S.2033-2034 (John M. Budd)
Themenfeld: Elektronisches Publizieren
LCSH: Communication in science ; Research / Methodology ; Science publishing ; Scholarly publishing
RSWK: Großbritannien / Wissenschaft / Forschungsergebnis / Veröffentlichung ; Großbritannien / Wissenschaftskommunikation
BK: 02.13 Wissenschaftspraxis ; 02.20 Wissenschaftsinformation ; 06.25 Buchhandel
DDC: 001.4 / DDC22ger
GHBS: AGG (SI)
RVK: AK 28400 ; AP 15950 ; MS 6950 ; AK 26800 ; AK 27000 ; AK 39500 ; AN 78950
2Borgman, C.L.: Big data, little data, no data : scholarship in the networked world.
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 2015. XXV, 383 S.
Abstract: "Big Data" is on the covers of Science, Nature, the Economist, and Wired magazines, on the front pages of the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. But despite the media hyperbole, as Christine Borgman points out in this examination of data and scholarly research, having the right data is usually better than having more data; little data can be just as valuable as big data. In many cases, there are no data -- because relevant data don't exist, cannot be found, or are not available. Moreover, data sharing is difficult, incentives to do so are minimal, and data practices vary widely across disciplines. Borgman, an often-cited authority on scholarly communication, argues that data have no value or meaning in isolation; they exist within a knowledge infrastructure -- an ecology of people, practices, technologies, institutions, material objects, and relationships. After laying out the premises of her investigation -- six "provocations" meant to inspire discussion about the uses of data in scholarship -- Borgman offers case studies of data practices in the sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities, and then considers the implications of her findings for scholarly practice and research policy. To manage and exploit data over the long term, Borgman argues, requires massive investment in knowledge infrastructures; at stake is the future of scholarship.
Inhalt: Provocations -- What are data? -- Data scholarship -- Data diversity -- Data scholarship in the sciences -- Data scholarship in the social sciences -- Data scholarship in the humanities -- Sharing, releasing, and reusing data -- Credit, attribution, and discovery of data -- What to keep and why to keep them.
Anmerkung: Weitere Rez. in: JASIST 67(2016) no.3, S.751-753 (C. Tenopir).
LCSH: Communication in learning and scholarship / Technological innovations ; Research / Methodology ; Research / Data processing ; Information technology ; Information storage and retrieval systems ; Cyberinfrastructure
RSWK: Wissenschaft / Digitalisierung ; Forschung / Datenauswertung / Massendaten / Integrität
; Forschung / Datenverarbeitung / Informationssystem / Wissenschaft / E-Science
BK: 54.04 Ausbildung, Beruf, Organisationen Informatik ; 06.35 Informationsmanagement ; 02.13 Wissenschaftspraxis
DDC: 004 ; 020
GHBS: TZB (PB)
RVK: AK 28000 ; AK 28400 ; AK 39950
3Coopmans, C. et al. (Hrsg.): Representation in scientific practice revisited.
Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.] : MIT Press, 2014. IX, 366 S.
Abstract: Representation in Scientific Practice, published by the MIT Press in 1990, helped coalesce a long-standing interest in scientific visualization among historians, philosophers, and sociologists of science and remains a touchstone for current investigations in science and technology studies. This volume revisits the topic, taking into account both the changing conceptual landscape of STS and the emergence of new imaging technologies in scientific practice. It offers cutting-edge research on a broad array of fields that study information as well as short reflections on the evolution of the field by leading scholars, including some of the contributors to the 1990 volume. The essays consider the ways in which viewing experiences are crafted in the digital era; the embodied nature of work with digital technologies; the constitutive role of materials and technologies -- from chalkboards to brain scans -- in the production of new scientific knowledge; the metaphors and images mobilized by communities of practice; and the status and significance of scientific imagery in professional and popular culture. ContributorsMorana Alac, Michael Barany, Anne Beaulieu, Annamaria Carusi, Catelijne Coopmans, Lorraine Daston, Sarah de Rijcke, Joseph Dumit, Emma Frow, Yann Giraud, Aud Sissel Hoel, Martin Kemp, Bruno Latour, John Law, Michael Lynch, Donald MacKenzie, Cyrus Mody, Natasha Myers, Rachel Prentice, Arie Rip, Martin Ruivenkamp, Lucy Suchman, Janet Vertesi, Steve Woolgar
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 68(2017) no.4, S.1068-1069 (Hans-Jörg Rheinberger)
LCSH: Research / Methodology ; Science / Methodology ; Technology / Methodology
RSWK: Naturwissenschaften / Visualisierung ; Naturwissenschaften / Visualisierung / Wissenschaftsforschung / Wissensrepräsentation / Aufsatzsammlung / Bildliche Darstellung / Methodologie (BVB)
BK: 30.02 Philosophie und Theorie der Naturwissenschaften ; 30.03 Methoden und Techniken in den Naturwissenschaften ; 02.13 Wissenschaftspraxis
DDC: 502.2/2 / dc23
GHBS: ORE (DU) ; KLET (SI)
RVK: MR 2800
4Gorman, G.E. ; Clayton, P.: Qualitative research for the information professional : a practical handbook.2nd ed.
London : Facet, 2005. xxi, 282 S.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: JASIST 57(2006) no.12, S.1708-1709 (D.E. Agosto): "Published just 7 years after the first edition was released, this second edition of Qualitative Research for the Information Professional: A Practical Handbook lives up to its title; it is indeed practical. Most general texts about qualitative research are long on theory and short on specific instructions (e.g., Denzin & Lincoln, 2000; Lincoln & Guba, 1985; Miles & Huberman, 1984). The opposite is true here. A qualitative research newcomer could conceivably read this text and then undertake a small-scale project on his or her own. The newcomer would be wise to supplement this highly pragmatic text with another text of greater theoretical value (such as the previously mentioned Denzin & Lincoln, 2000; Lincoln & Guba, 1985; or Miles & Huberman, 1984), because Gorman and Clayton's volume discusses specific qualitative methods within a largely decontextualized framework, divorcing the methods from the various philosophical and sociological perspectives that underlie them. The book is divided into 14 chapters. Each chapter discusses a step in the qualitative research process or details a particular qualitative research method. Each chapter begins with Focus Questions, which briefly summarize the main themes, and concludes with suggestions for further reading. Each chapter also includes one or more Research Scenarios (some fictional, sone apparently drawn from the authors' own experiences, although citations to particular projects are not given) to illustrate the main points discussed in the chapter. For example, Chapter 6, Beginning Fieldwork, includes a research scenario entitled Gaining Entry by Fitting the Surroundings. It discusses various entry barriers met by a researcher who studied the status of librarians within the organizational culture of a theological college, and his search for a suitable key informant. . . . Overall, the writing is clear and uncomplicated, and the authors occasionally interject humorous comments to sustain reader interest, for instance: "Telling an information professional how to conduct a literature review would be akin to showing a used car salesman how to wind back an odometer" (p. 72-73), and "We would term this `killing two birds with one stone' if we were not, in fact, bird fanciers (we need not mention our poor aim)" (p. 243). This work would be particularly useful as a text in a master's-level action research course or as a how-to guide for a working information professional interested in undertaking an action research project."
LCSH: Information science / Research ; Qualitative research / Methodology
RSWK: Bibliothek / Qualitätsmanagement ; Bibliothek / Informationsmanagement ; Bibliothek / Evaluation
DDC: 020.72 / dc21
LCC: Z669.7.G675 2005