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1Murphy, M.L.: Lexical meaning.
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010. XVII, 256 S.
(Cambridge textbooks in linguistics)
Abstract: The ideal introduction for students of semantics, Lexical Meaning fills the gap left by more general semantics textbooks, providing the teacher and the student with insights into word meaning beyond the traditional overviews of lexical relations. The book explores the relationship between word meanings and syntax and semantics more generally. It provides a balanced overview of the main theoretical approaches, along with a lucid explanation of their relative strengths and weaknesses. After covering the main topics in lexical meaning, such as polysemy and sense relations, the textbook surveys the types of meanings represented by different word classes. It explains abstract concepts in clear language, using a wide range of examples, and includes linguistic puzzles in each chapter to encourage the student to practise using the concepts. 'Adopt-a-Word' exercises give students the chance to research a particular word, building a portfolio of specialist work on a single word.
Inhalt: Inhalt: Machine generated contents note: Part I. Meaning and the Lexicon: 1. The lexicon - some preliminaries; 2. What do we mean by meaning?; 3. Components and prototypes; 4. Modern componential approaches - and some alternatives; Part II. Relations Among Words and Senses: 5. Meaning variation: polysemy, homonymy and vagueness; 6. Lexical and semantic relations; Part III. Word Classes and Semantic Types: 7. Ontological categories and word classes; 8. Nouns and countability; 9. Predication: verbs, events, and states; 10. Verbs and time; 11. Adjectives and properties.
LCSH: Lexicology ; Semantics
RSWK: Semasiologie ; Semantik / Semasiologie / Lehrbuch (BVB)
BK: 17.56 Semantik ; 17.59 Lexikologie ; 18.00 Einzelne Sprachen und Literaturen allgemein
GHBS: BHJ (E)
RVK: ET 510 ; ET 400 (BVB) ; ET 430 (BVB)
2Murphy, M.L.: Semantic relations and the lexicon : antonymy, synonymy and other paradigms.
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2008. IX, 292 S.
Abstract: Semantic Relations and the Lexicon explores the many paradigmatic semantic relations between words, such as synonymy, antonymy and hyponymy, and their relevance to the mental organization of our vocabularies. Drawing on a century's research in linguistics, psychology, philosophy, anthropology and computer science, M. Lynne Murphy proposes a pragmatic approach to these relations. Whereas traditional approaches have claimed that paradigmatic relations are part of our lexical knowledge, Dr Murphy argues that they constitute metalinguistic knowledge, which can be derived through a single relational principle, and may also be stored as part of our extra-lexical, conceptual representations of a word. Part I shows how this approach can account for the properties of lexical relations in ways that traditional approaches cannot, and Part II examines particular relations in detail. This book will serve as an informative handbook for all linguists and cognitive scientists interested in the mental representation of vocabulary.
Anmerkung: 1. Aufl. 2003
RSWK: Paradigmatische Relation / Lexikologie ; Semantische Relation / Wortschatz (HBZ) ; Lexikologie / Semantik (BVB)
BK: 17.56 Semantik ; 17.59 Lexikologie ; 18.00 Einzelne Sprachen und Literaturen allgemein
GHBS: BHQ (PB) ; DMB (E) ; DMF (E) ; BHK (W)
RVK: ET 475 ; ET 400 (BVB)
3Kageura, K.: ¬The dynamics of terminology : a descriptive theory of term formation and terminological growth.
Amsterdam : J. Benjamins, 2002. viii, 322 S.
(Terminology and lexicography research and practice ; v. 5)
Abstract: The discovery of rules for the systematicity and dynamics of terminology creations is essential for a sound basis of a theory of terminology. This quest provides the driving force for the dynamics of terminology in which Dr Kageura demonstrates the interaction of these two factors on a specific corpus of Japanese terminology which, beyond the necessary linguistic circumstances, also has a model character for similar studies. His detailed examination of the relationships between terms and their constituent elements, the relationships among the constituent elements and the type of conceptual combinations used in the construction of the terminology permits deep insights into the systematic thought processes underlying term creation. To compensate for the inherent limitation of a purely descriptive analysis of conceptual patterns, Dr. Kageura offers a quantitative analysis of the patterns of the growth of terminology.
Inhalt: PART I: Theoretical Background 7 Chapter 1. Terminology: Basic Observations 9 Chapter 2. The Theoretical Framework for the Study of the Dynamics of Terminology 25 PART II: Conceptual Patterns of Term Formation 43 Chapter 3. Conceptual Patterns of Term Formation: The Basic Descriptive Framework 45 Chapter 4. Conceptual Categories for the Description of Formation Patterns of Documentation Terms 61 Chapter 5. Intra-Term Relations and Conceptual Specification Patterns 91 Chapter 6. Conceptual Patterns of the Formation of Documentation Terms 115 PART III: Quantitative Patterns of Terminological Growth 163 Chapter 7. Quantitative Analysis of the Dynamics of Terminology: A Basic Framework 165 Chapter 8. Growth Patterns of Morphemes in the Terminology of Documentation 183 Chapter 9. Quantitative Dynamics in Term Formation 201 PART IV: Conclusions 247 Chapter 10. Towards Modelling Term Formation and Terminological Growth 249 Appendices 273 Appendix A. List of Conceptual Categories 275 Appendix B. Lists of Intra-Term Relations and Conceptual Specification Patterns 279 Appendix C. List of Terms by Conceptual Categories 281 Appendix D. List of Morphemes by Conceptual Categories 295.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: Knowledge organization 30(2003) no.2, S.112-113 (L. Bowker): "Terminology is generally understood to be the activity that is concerned with the identification, collection and processing of terms; terms are the lexical items used to describe concepts in specialized subject fields Terminology is not always acknowledged as a discipline in its own right; it is sometimes considered to be a subfield of related disciplines such as lexicography or translation. However, a growing number of researchers are beginning to argue that terminology should be recognized as an autonomous discipline with its own theoretical underpinnings. Kageura's book is a valuable contribution to the formulation of a theory of terminology and will help to establish this discipline as an independent field of research. The general aim of this text is to present a theory of term formation and terminological growth by identifying conceptual regularities in term creation and by laying the foundations for the analysis of terminological growth patterns. The approach used is a descriptive one, which means that it is based an observations taken from a corpus. It is also synchronic in nature and therefore does not attempt to account for the evolution of terms over a given period of time (though it does endeavour to provide a means for predicting possible formation patterns of new terms). The descriptive, corpus-based approach is becoming very popular in terminology circles; however, it does pose certain limitations. To compensate for this, Kageura complements his descriptive analysis of conceptual patterns with a quantitative analysis of the patterns of the growth of terminology. Many existing investigations treat only a limited number of terms, using these for exemplification purposes. Kageura argues strongly (p. 31) that any theory of terms or terminology must be based an the examination of the terminology of a domain (i.e., a specialized subject field) in its entirety since it is only with respect to an individual domain that the concept of "term" can be established. To demonstrate the viability of his theoretical approach, Kageura has chosen to investigate and describe the domain of documentation, using Japanese terminological data. The data in the corpus are derived from a glossary (Wersig and Neveling 1984), and although this glossary is somewhat outdated (a fact acknowledged by the author), the data provided are nonetheless sufficient for demonstrating the viability of the approach, which can later be extended and applied to other languages and domains. ; Unlike some terminology researchers, Kageura has been careful not to overgeneralize the applicability of his work, and he points out the limitations of his study, a number of which are summarized an pages 254-257. For example, Kageura acknowledges that his contribution should properly be viewed as a theory of term formation and terminological growth in the field of documentation Moreover, Kageura notes that this study does not distinguish the general part and the domaindependent part of the conceptual system, nor does it fully explore the multidimensionality of the viewpoints of conceptual categorization. Kageura's honesty with regard to the complexity of terminological issues and the challenges associated with the formation of a theory of terminology is refreshing since too often in the past, the results of terminology research have been somewhat naively presented as being absolutely clearcut and applicable in all situations."
LCSH: Terms and phrases
RSWK: Begriffsbildung / Fachsprache (SBPK) ; Terminologie / Begriffsbildung (SBPK) ; Fachsprache / Terminologie / Entwicklung (HBZ) ; Japanisch / Dokumentation / Fachsprache / Terminologie / Entwicklung (HBZ)
BK: 18.00 Einzelne Sprachen und Literaturen allgemein ; 17.59 Lexikologie
DDC: 418 / dc21
GHBS: BGB (PB)
LCC: P305.K34 2002
4Wright, S.E. u. G. Budin (Hrsg.): Handbook of terminology management : Vol.2: Application-oriented terminology management.
Amsterdam : J. Benjamins, 2001. XV, S.371-920.
ISBN 90-272-2155-3 * ; 1-556-19509-5
Abstract: This is the second of two volumes designed to meet the practical needs of terminologists, translators, lexicographers, subject specialists, standardizers and others who have to solve terminological problems in their daily work. It covers a broad range of topics integrated from an international perspective and treats such fundamental issues as: practical methods of terminology management; types and applications of terminology management creation and use of terminological tools; terminological applications in technical writing, translation and information management; natural language processing; language planning and legal, ethical concerns; and terminology training.
Anmerkung: Rez. in: KO 29(2002) no.2, S.104-107 (H. Eisele)
LCSH: Technology / Terminology / Handbooks, manuals, etc.
BK: 17.59 Lexikologie
DDC: 401/.4 / dc21
GHBS: BFD (FH K)
LCC: T11.H27 1997