Document (#10954)

Author
Benson, L.D.
Title
Scholarly research and reference service in the automated environment
Source
Reference librarian. 1995, no.48, S.57-69
Year
1995
Abstract
The rapidly changing environment in which social science reference librarians serve is forcing many to seek new strategies for coaching researchers through the maze of electronic information sources. This paper discusses the challenges of the automated enviroment as evidenced by the changing academic scholar's needs and expectations, researcher-librarian relations, and new instructional demand associated with automation

Similar documents (author)

  1. Benson, A.C.: ¬The complete Internet companion for librarians (1995) 6.18
    6.1812773 = sum of:
      6.1812773 = weight(author_txt:benson in 5384) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        6.1812773 = fieldWeight in 5384, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5384)
    
  2. Benson, A.C.: OntoPhoto and the role of ontology in organizing knowledge (2011) 6.18
    6.1812773 = sum of:
      6.1812773 = weight(author_txt:benson in 1554) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        6.1812773 = fieldWeight in 1554, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1554)
    
  3. Benson, A.C.: Image descriptions and their relational expressions : a review of the literature and the issues (2015) 6.18
    6.1812773 = sum of:
      6.1812773 = weight(author_txt:benson in 3865) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        6.1812773 = fieldWeight in 3865, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3865)
    
  4. Benson, E.; Dunn, L.R.: ¬The 'Routledge Encyclopedia' project : indexing tools and management techniques for large documents (1993) 4.95
    4.9450216 = sum of:
      4.9450216 = weight(author_txt:benson in 6343) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.9450216 = fieldWeight in 6343, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.890043 = idf(docFreq=5, maxDocs=43556)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=6343)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Wilson, J.: Managing records in the electronic office (1997) 0.10
    0.098212436 = sum of:
      0.098212436 = product of:
        0.49106216 = sum of:
          0.05158461 = weight(abstract_txt:associated in 796) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05158461 = score(doc=796,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.092455514 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0562377 = boost
                5.1011634 = idf(docFreq=720, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.55793977 = fieldWeight in 796, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1011634 = idf(docFreq=720, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=796)
          0.097904585 = weight(abstract_txt:automation in 796) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.097904585 = score(doc=796,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1417277 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3077437 = boost
                6.315827 = idf(docFreq=213, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.6907936 = fieldWeight in 796, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.315827 = idf(docFreq=213, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=796)
          0.06881525 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 796) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06881525 = score(doc=796,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14116246 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8457371 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.48748976 = fieldWeight in 796, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=796)
          0.07761766 = weight(abstract_txt:environment in 796) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07761766 = score(doc=796,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15295714 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9212997 = boost
                4.6395164 = idf(docFreq=1143, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.5074471 = fieldWeight in 796, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6395164 = idf(docFreq=1143, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=796)
          0.19514008 = weight(abstract_txt:automated in 796) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19514008 = score(doc=796,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2244659 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3274772 = boost
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.8693529 = fieldWeight in 796, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=796)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Handbook of metadata, semantics and ontologies (2014) 0.09
    0.08593568 = sum of:
      0.08593568 = product of:
        0.30691314 = sum of:
          0.025014805 = weight(abstract_txt:researchers in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025014805 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08287232 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.8295603 = idf(docFreq=945, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.30184752 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8295603 = idf(docFreq=945, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.029476918 = weight(abstract_txt:associated in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029476918 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.092455514 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0562377 = boost
                5.1011634 = idf(docFreq=720, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.3188227 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1011634 = idf(docFreq=720, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.030067693 = weight(abstract_txt:strategies in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030067693 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09368675 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0632474 = boost
                5.1350174 = idf(docFreq=696, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.3209386 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1350174 = idf(docFreq=696, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.043355428 = weight(abstract_txt:serve in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043355428 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11957501 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2012004 = boost
                5.8012695 = idf(docFreq=357, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.36257935 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8012695 = idf(docFreq=357, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.060826775 = weight(abstract_txt:rapidly in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060826775 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14985617 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3447222 = boost
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.40590104 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.039323002 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039323002 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14116246 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8457371 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.2785656 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
          0.078848496 = weight(abstract_txt:automated in 1420) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.078848496 = score(doc=1420,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2244659 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3274772 = boost
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.3512716 = fieldWeight in 1420, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6203456 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43556)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1420)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Massey-Burzio, V.: From the other side of the reference desk : a focus group study (1998) 0.09
    0.08516221 = sum of:
      0.08516221 = product of:
        0.42581102 = sum of:
          0.076033466 = weight(abstract_txt:rapidly in 225) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.076033466 = score(doc=225,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14985617 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3447222 = boost
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.5073763 = fieldWeight in 225, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=225)
          0.09921528 = weight(abstract_txt:instructional in 225) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09921528 = score(doc=225,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17894673 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4694579 = boost
                7.096835 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.55444026 = fieldWeight in 225, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.096835 = idf(docFreq=97, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=225)
          0.08513679 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 225) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08513679 = score(doc=225,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.14116246 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8457371 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.60311216 = fieldWeight in 225, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=225)
          0.055441186 = weight(abstract_txt:environment in 225) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055441186 = score(doc=225,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15295714 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9212997 = boost
                4.6395164 = idf(docFreq=1143, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.36246222 = fieldWeight in 225, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6395164 = idf(docFreq=1143, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=225)
          0.109984316 = weight(abstract_txt:changing in 225) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.109984316 = score(doc=225,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24149154 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.414133 = boost
                5.8296003 = idf(docFreq=347, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.45543754 = fieldWeight in 225, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8296003 = idf(docFreq=347, maxDocs=43556)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=225)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. British Library / FAST/Dewey Review Group: Consultation on subject indexing and classification standards applied by the British Library (2015) 0.08
    0.0848664 = sum of:
      0.0848664 = product of:
        0.530415 = sum of:
          0.114453726 = weight(abstract_txt:demand in 4808) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.114453726 = score(doc=4808,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14388363 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3176526 = boost
                6.3636827 = idf(docFreq=203, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.79546034 = fieldWeight in 4808, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3636827 = idf(docFreq=203, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=4808)
          0.11833281 = weight(abstract_txt:expectations in 4808) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11833281 = score(doc=4808,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14711656 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3323736 = boost
                6.4347787 = idf(docFreq=189, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.80434734 = fieldWeight in 4808, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4347787 = idf(docFreq=189, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=4808)
          0.12165355 = weight(abstract_txt:rapidly in 4808) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12165355 = score(doc=4808,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14985617 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3447222 = boost
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.8118021 = fieldWeight in 4808, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=4808)
          0.17597489 = weight(abstract_txt:changing in 4808) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17597489 = score(doc=4808,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24149154 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.414133 = boost
                5.8296003 = idf(docFreq=347, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.72870004 = fieldWeight in 4808, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8296003 = idf(docFreq=347, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=4808)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Danielson, E.S.: Ethics and reference services (1997) 0.08
    0.08434936 = sum of:
      0.08434936 = product of:
        0.5271835 = sum of:
          0.11833281 = weight(abstract_txt:expectations in 480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11833281 = score(doc=480,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14711656 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3323736 = boost
                6.4347787 = idf(docFreq=189, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.80434734 = fieldWeight in 480, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4347787 = idf(docFreq=189, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=480)
          0.12165355 = weight(abstract_txt:rapidly in 480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12165355 = score(doc=480,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14985617 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3447222 = boost
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.8118021 = fieldWeight in 480, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4944167 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=480)
          0.111222245 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.111222245 = score(doc=480,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14116246 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8457371 = boost
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.7879025 = fieldWeight in 480, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.4570494 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=480)
          0.17597489 = weight(abstract_txt:changing in 480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17597489 = score(doc=480,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24149154 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.414133 = boost
                5.8296003 = idf(docFreq=347, maxDocs=43556)
                0.017159393 = queryNorm
              0.72870004 = fieldWeight in 480, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.8296003 = idf(docFreq=347, maxDocs=43556)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=480)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)